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SCOTLAND THE BEAUTIFUL Абдокова Фатима Батырбековна Учитель английского языка МКОУ «СОШ а.Псаучье-Дахе имени Героя России О.М.Карданова»
Scotland is the country occupying the northern third of the island Great Britain. It is separated from England mainly by high Cheviot Hills and the river Tweed. To the west from Scotland there is Northern Ireland. The southern coast of Scotland is inverted to Irish Sea. Borders of Scotland remain constant almost 500 years. Geographical Position
General Facts Scotland was founded in 843. The capital of the country - Edinburgh Official languages - English, Scottish Gaelic and English Scottish Large cities – Glasgow, Aberdeen. The State System – Constitutional Monarchy. The Head of the State – The Queen Elisabeth II. The Prime- Minister - Gordon Brown. The First Minister –Alex Salmond. Its territory - 78 782 square km. Its population - 5 100 000 people Its Currency - pound, Scottish pound.In 1996 г. Scotland was divided into 32regions on decision of the British Government.
The Symbols of Scotland Scotch whisky tartans flag of Scotland Saint Andrew thistle Lochs bagpipes kilts Royal Standard of Scotland
Flag. The Flag of Scotland represents a dark blue panel with white (in heraldry silver) slanting Andrew’s cross. The width of the strips forming a cross, should make 1/5 from height of a flag.
Apostle Andrew Apostle Andrew is considered to be the patron of Scotland, according to a legend. Images of apostle serve as symbols of Scotland .
The Coat of Arms The historical arms of Scotland is a gold red field with dark blue arms (claws and language), a heraldic lion surrounded by double red line with grown lilies
Tartan. Tartan is a fabric with an ornament from horizontal and vertical stripes. National clothes of Scotland and in particular kilts are sewed from a fabric with such ornament. In Russia its name is "shotlandka" . There are now 4000 variants of tartan.
The Flower of the Thistle The flower of the thistle is the traditional symbol of Scotland. It is represented, in particular on bank notes. According to the legend, in XIII century coastal settlements of Scotts suffered from Vikings’ attacks. Once it was possible to avoid an unexpected night attack due to that Vikings came barefoot into the thickets of the Scottish thistle and gave out themselves
BAGPIPE A bagpipe is a national musical instrument, an informal symbol of Scotland
Map of Scotland
Scotland is divided into Highlands and Lowlands.
Travelling around Scotland
Let’s Visit Some Important Cities in Scotland
Glasgow Glasgow Cathedral Glasgow International College Scottish Exhibition & Conference Center
The map of Edinburgh's historic town centre
Edinburgh Castle is at the heart of the Scottish capital.
The castle is built on a volcanic rock. The Castle Rock is the remains of a volcanic pipe.
Edinburgh Castle with the Nor Loch in foreground. The Castle seen from the North.
Edinburgh Castle is also the home of the One O'Clock Gun. This is fired every day except Sunday and Christmas Day exactly at 1.00pm to provide everyone with an accurate check for their clocks and watches. The 'Time Gun' was established in 1861 as a time signal for ships. The gun could easily be heard by ships 2 miles (3.2 km) away.
A series of performances known as the Edinburgh Military Tattoo take place each year during August. The basis of the performance is a parade of the pipes and drums of the Scottish regiments. Since the first performance in 1950 the Tattoo has developed a complex format which includes many invited performers from around the world.
The Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo takes place every August and September and is known throughout the world.
For 90 minutes on five or six nights a week, 600 people perform in the square in front of the Castle.
The performers play military music and march to it.
The Royal Mile
The Canongate The Canongate forms one of the lower parts of the Edinburgh's Royal Mile as it makes its way downhill from Edinburgh Castle to the Palace of Holyroodhouse.
The Royal Mile runs from Edinburgh Castle at the top of the Castle Rock, down to Holyrood Palace.
Holyrood Palace and Abbey
Founded as a monastery in 1128, the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh is The Queen's official residence in Scotland.
Forecourt fountain Holyrood Gate
Royal Dining Room
A Monastery of the Holy Rood was founded by David I, King of Scots, in 1128. The foundation is said to have been an act of thanksgiving for the king's miraculous escape from the horns of a stag while hunting near Edinburgh on Holy Cross Day ("rood" means "cross").
Greyfriars Bobby Bobby belonged to John Gray, who worked for the Edinburgh City Police as a night watchman. The two were inseparable for approximately two years. On 8 February 1858, Gray died of tuberculosis. Bobby, who survived Gray by fourteen years, is said to have spent the rest of his life sitting on his master's grave.
Calton hill Calton Hill is one of Edinburgh's main hills, set right in the city centre.
Princes Street is the most beautiful street of the New Town.
Princes Street The street was originally called Store Street due to a large government store at the lower end.
Princes Street is the southern busy street of Edinburgh's New Town. The street has almost no buildings on the south side, allowing panoramic views of the Old Town, Edinburgh Castle, and the valley between.
The north side is lined with shops. Several UK high brands such as H&M, Marks & Spencer and Topshop are located along Princes Street.
The Old Town from West Princes Street Gardens. Shoppers on Princes Street
Walter Scott (1771 –1832) Sir Walter Scott was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, and poet, popular throughout much of the world during his time. His novels and poetry are still read, and many of his works remain classics of both English-language literature and of Scottish literature. Famous titles include Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, The Lady of the Lake, Waverley, The Heart of Midlothian and The Bride of Lammermoor.
The Scott Monument is the largest monument to a writer in the world. It commemorates Sir Walter Scott. There are 287 steps to the top of the Scott Monument, from where you can enjoy breathtaking views of Edinburgh and the surrounding countryside.
The White marble statue built in his honour depicts Sir Walter sitting after having written a text with his feather and his dog Maida by his side. The statue was designed by John Steell.
It is 250 meters high. Athur's Seat is the main peak of the group of hills situated in the centre of the city of Edinburgh, about a mile to the east of Edinburgh Castle.
http://www.intourgo.ru/resorts/edinburg http://travel-child.ru/edinburg-foto-photo-goroda/ http://tonkosti.ru/Файл:Замки_Эдинбурга.jpg http://www.edinburgh-sherwood.com/palace/ http://photo.dreamvoyage.ru/photo/39-0-1584 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scott_Monument Источники
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