Презентация к уроку "Праздники народов России (Калмыцкий праздник "Цаган Сар")"
Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Tsagan-Sar is one of the most important Kalmyk holidays. People do not work on that day and have special celebrations. Tsagan-Sar is widely celebrated among people of all ages and all nationalities of our Republic. This holiday usually takes place in February or March. For the Kalmyk, it’s the first day of spring in their calendar.
This holiday has deep religious roots. But nowadays people hardly remember about them, they just have fun, say good-bye to winter and honor the awakening of new life in nature. People grow tired of winter days to which Tsagan-Sar signifies an end. It is the day on which people say good wishes and ask, "Was the end of winter happy? How are you?"
By popular belief the gopher brings news of spring. It opens its stores and lets warmth and light go out and so spring begins. Tsagan-Sar is translated from Kalmyk as "a white month". For the Kalmyk, white color means clearness and is associated with happiness and prosperity.
Tsagan-Sar is considered to be a family day for it is customary for all members of the family to gather at the home of their parents. Even if they live far away, family members gather for a reunion at the house of an older relative. No matter where you may be the rest of the year, being at "home" with your family and friends for Tsagan-Sar is a "must".
The Kalmyk begin preparing for this holiday beforehand. Everyone joins in to help in the preparation of the festivities. Some family members go to buy presents, others decorate the house. And of course each household needs to make lots of food. The women rise early in the morning and make ritual pastries called bortsoki in different shapes, shapes of animals, birds and so on. They are made of flour, eggs, sour cream fried on a pan.
On Tsagan-Sar people eat traditional Kalmyk food: bortsoki, berg, mahan-sholtagan and drink Kalmyk tea with milk, salt and butter. At the start of the meal the oldest of the family holding his cup of tea in his hand performs three "tzatzala" (three sprinkles using the fingers of his right hand to the Sky, Earth and Fire) and then he says a "yoral", his best wishes to his family and his guests.
This is the time to visit friends and relatives and everyone gives and receives presents. There is a popular belief that inviting more guests brings more luck throughout the year. Everyone coming out of his house has to bring bortsoki with him and having met friends or neighbors ask them to help themselves. A lot of people attend religious services on Tsagan-Sar. Much help is given to the sick, disabled, poor, old.
A lot of parties are given for children and young people; they listen to music, dance and compete in national games. Tsagan-Sar celebrations receive widespread coverage by mass-media. President delivers his traditional message with good wishes to the people of Kalmykia. Radio and TV broadcast concert programmes marked by a wealth and variety of repertoire, by an impressive array of artistic talent.
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