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Инфоурок Иностранные языки ПрезентацииПрезентация к уроку"Влияние Кельтских и Скандинавских племён на английский язык"

Презентация к уроку"Влияние Кельтских и Скандинавских племён на английский язык"

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Done by the pupil of the 9th form school № 50 Kustova Daria The teacher is Se...

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

1 слайд Done by the pupil of the 9th form school № 50 Kustova Daria The teacher is Se
Описание слайда:

Done by the pupil of the 9th form school № 50 Kustova Daria The teacher is Semyonova O.N.

2 слайд The aim is: the research of the influence of Scandinavian and Celtic tribes o
Описание слайда:

The aim is: the research of the influence of Scandinavian and Celtic tribes on the English language. The tasks are: 1.To study the literature on the theme; 2.To investigate the contact of the English language with other languages; 3.To research the influence of the Scandinavian and Celtic tribes on the English language; 4.To create a guide about the historical sights connected with Scandinavian and Celtic tribes.

3 слайд The subject is: the English language. The object is: the influence of Scandi
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The subject is: the English language. The object is: the influence of Scandinavian and Celtic tribes on the language. The hypotheses is: if different tribes settle on any land they will influence the native language of people living on it.

4 слайд We used the following methods: 1. Analysis; 2. Comparing analysis; 3. Descri
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We used the following methods: 1. Analysis; 2. Comparing analysis; 3. Description; 4. Creation of a guide.

5 слайд English belongs to the Anglo-Frisian group within the western branch of the
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English belongs to the Anglo-Frisian group within the western branch of the Germanic languages. The main stages are: Old English, Middle English and Late English.

6 слайд The English language was brought into contact with three main languages, the
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The English language was brought into contact with three main languages, the language of the Celts, the Romans, and the Scandinavian.

7 слайд The conquest of the Celtic population of Britain have resulted in a correspo
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The conquest of the Celtic population of Britain have resulted in a corresponding mixture of their languages.

8 слайд CELTIC LOAN-WORDS The influence of Celtic upon the English language is almost
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CELTIC LOAN-WORDS The influence of Celtic upon the English language is almost negligible. It is possible to distinguish two groups: 1. Those which were learned through everyday contact with the natives; 2. Those which were introduced by the Irish missionaries in the north.

9 слайд CELTIC PLACE NAMES A large number of Celtic population survived in the west.
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CELTIC PLACE NAMES A large number of Celtic population survived in the west. So that is why there are a lot of Celtic-place names.

10 слайд We find a lot of Celtic words in the names of hills and rivers.
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We find a lot of Celtic words in the names of hills and rivers.

11 слайд At the end of the Old English period English underwent a contact with the Sc
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At the end of the Old English period English underwent a contact with the Scandinavian. This period is known as the Viking Age.

12 слайд For some centuries the Scandinavians had remained quietly in their northern
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For some centuries the Scandinavians had remained quietly in their northern home. But in the eighth century they began a series of attacks upon all the lands adjacent to the North Sea and the Baltic. Their activities began in plunder and ended in conquest.

13 слайд The effect of the Viking settlements in England was that over a thousand wor
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The effect of the Viking settlements in England was that over a thousand words became part of Standard English.

14 слайд In the Scandinavian attacts upon England three stages can be distinguished.
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In the Scandinavian attacts upon England three stages can be distinguished. The first was from 788 until 850 .

15 слайд Scandinavian place names Some English places contain Scandinavian word “thro
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Scandinavian place names Some English places contain Scandinavian word “throb” (village): Linthorbe, Bishopsthoprbe.

16 слайд There are over 500 Scandinavian place names in England are mainly in Yorkshir
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There are over 500 Scandinavian place names in England are mainly in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire.

17 слайд The second stage is the work of large armies and is marked by widespread plu
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The second stage is the work of large armies and is marked by widespread plundering in all parts of the country and by extensive settlements.

18 слайд The third stage covers the period of political adjustment and assimilation f
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The third stage covers the period of political adjustment and assimilation from 878 to 1042.

19 слайд The similarity between the Old English and the Scandinavian makes it at time
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The similarity between the Old English and the Scandinavian makes it at times difficult to decide whether it is an English or borrowed word. But there are criteria by which we can recognize a borrowed word.

20 слайд But occasionally meaning gives a fairly reliable test. Thus our word bloom (
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But occasionally meaning gives a fairly reliable test. Thus our word bloom (flower)”.

21 слайд Scandinavian personal names A large number of names ending in son: Stevenson
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Scandinavian personal names A large number of names ending in son: Stevenson or Johnson characterize Scandinavian custom. They are found in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire.

22 слайд English legal terminology underwent a complete reshaping after Scandinavian
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English legal terminology underwent a complete reshaping after Scandinavian Conquest. Among nouns that came in are bank, birth, bull, calf (of leg), dirt, down (feathers), egg, fellow, leg, loan, race, reindeer, root, score, skill, skin, skirt, sky, want, window.

23 слайд Conclusion In conclusion we’d like to say that the English language underwen
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Conclusion In conclusion we’d like to say that the English language underwent great changes because different tribes settled on English land and influenced the language greatly. We fulfilled our tasks: 1.Studied the literature on the theme; 2.Investigated the contact of the English language with other languages; 3.Researched the influence of the Scandinavian and Celtic tribes on the English language; 4.Created a historical guide. We proved our hypotheses if different tribes settle on any land they will influence the native language of people living on it.

24 слайд Thank you for attention!
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Thank you for attention!

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