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M.V. Lomonosov in the history of Russian linguistics Lomonosov as a philologist was recognized authority during his lifetime. It is in philology "the glory of the leader" belongs to him. Lomonosov is called our first linguist, creator of the Russian literary language, the first Russian grammar and famous theory of three styles.
M.V. Lomonosov in the history of Russian linguistics Knowledge of ancient and modern European languages and their theoretical understanding allowed the scientist to come to a deeper consideration of the grammatical structure of the native Russian language, which he knew in the diversity of its dialects. Since childhood, Mikhail Lomonosov absorbed pure Russian speech of northerners called it Pomor dialect and considered the closest to the "old Slavic language."
M.V. Lomonosov in the history of Russian linguistics Lomonosov is occupied by the questions of Russian versification. In his "Letter and rules of Russian versification" he stressed that "Russian poetry should write on natural property of our language.“ In "Brief Guide to the eloquence" in the first book, in which there is rhetoric, showing general rules of both eloquence, it means oratorio and poetry composed in favor of loving philology Lomonosov shows his views on the problems of Russian linguistics.
M.V. Lomonosov in the history of Russian linguistics Lomonosov came to the need to develop grammatical norms of contemporary Russian literary language. M.V. Lomonosov worked on "Russian grammar" from 1748 to 1755. In 1757, "Grammar" was published. For Lomonosov - linguist the main source of linguistic facts was colloquial speech, as well as oral folk poetry - songs, folk tales and legends that Arkhangelsk region is so rich.
M.V. Lomonosov in the history of Russian linguistics In "Russian grammar" Lomonosov gave spelling and pronouncing rules of Russian literary language. Lomonosov puts morphological principle of writing, which is the leading in modern Russian orthography. M.V. Lomonosov made most of all in the description of morphological structure of the Russian language. It is striking particularly in the "Grammar" the doctrine about the parts of speech: the description of grammatical meanings and the categories of nouns, adjectives and numerals is not very different from the description of these parts of the speech in modern grammatical science.
M.V. Lomonosov in the history of Russian linguistics For the first time in the history of Russian linguistics Lomonosov introduced the doctrine of the Russian verb as a system. And here the scientist relied on the daily using of the language, on its folk base. In the "Grammar" and "Rhetoric" Lomonosov considered questions of Russian syntax.
Номер материала: ДВ-001258
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