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Бекедина Л.Б. Учитель английского языка МАОУ СОШ № 10 г. Таганрог
St.James’s Park St James's Park is a very popular park, with tourists and workers alike. It is famous for its views, waterfowl and flower displays and reflects the English picturesque style of landscaping which was prominent in the 19th century. Along with Green Park and Hyde Park, St James's Park provides the backdrop to British ceremonial life with The Mall, linking Buckingham Palace and the government offices of Whitehall, the venue for major ceremonial occasions.
From the history The Park was once a marshy watermeadow. In the thirteenth century a leper hospital was founded, and it is from this hospital that the Park took its name. In 1532 Henry VIII acquired the site as yet another deer park and built the Palace of St James's. A road was created in front of St James's Palace, approximately where the Mall is today. But it was Charles II who made dramatic changes. The Park was redesigned, with avenues of trees planted and lawns laid. The King opened the park to the public and was a frequent visitor, feeding the ducks and mingling with his subjects.
Flora and Fauna St James's Park, the first of The Royal Parks to be opened to the public, provides habitats for a variety of different species. A short walk away from three palaces (St James's, Westminster and Buckingham Palaces) and in the heart of historical London, the Park welcomes over 5.5 million visitors every year and is one of the most visited Parks in Europe. This heavy use inevitably has an impact on the wildlife in the area, yet it can be surprising to some how much can live and grow alongside humans.
One of the key habitats in St James's Park is the lake. It is home to a wide range of birdlife (including 15 different species of waterfowl) and has nesting sites on Duck Island and West Island. The lake is now a wildlfowl sanctuary, with ducks, geese, pelicans and black swans. The bridge over it gives a view of Buckingham Palace, good at night when the palace is floodlit. Now the most ornamental park in London with good views of Whitehall rooftops, St James's Park is a popular place to stroll, feed the ducks or watch the pelicans.
The Regent’s Park The Regent's Park, 166 hectares (410 acres), includes stunning rose gardens with more than 30,000 roses of 400 varieties. The Park is the largest outdoor sports area in London with 'The Hub' a community sports pavilion and sports pitches, nearly 100 acres available for sports fans of all abilities. The Regent's Park is the largest grass area for sports in Central London and offers a wide variety of activities, as well as an Open Air Theatre, the London Zoo and many cafes and restaurants.
From the history Known as the 'jewel in the crown' The Regent's Park (including Primrose Hill) covers 197 hectares. Like most of the other Royal Parks, Regent's Park formed part of the vast chase appropriated by Henry VIII. Marylebone Park, as it was known, remained a royal chase until 1646. It was John Nash, architect to the crown and friend of the Prince Regent who developed Regent's Park as we know it today. The Park became the home of several organisations like the Zoological Society and the Royal Botanic Society. It wasn't until 1835, during the reign of King George IV, that the general public were actually allowed into the sections of the Park and this was only for two days of the week
Flora and Fauna Visitors to London should not miss Regent's Park. As well as the beautiful gardens and historic Parkland, there is a terrific variety of wildlife, the most visible of which is the birdlife. The Park is particularly popular amongst bird watchers as one of the richest sites in London.
Today Regent's Park, surrounded by Regency buildings, is London's most civilized park with two boating lakes, one for children, three playgrounds, tennis courts, bandstand music, a cafe and an open-air theatre. Many varieties of water birds can be seen on the boating lake, including herons that nest on the islands. Broad Walk, leading north towards London Zoo, provides a picturesque stroll.
The Regent's Park we know today is a masterpiece of landscape design and town planning.
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