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Report: New Zealand Prepared by: 10th grade student Gaevoy Ilya
New Zealand (English New Zealand, Maori Aotearoa) - a state in south-western Pacific Ocean, Polynesia, located on two large islands (the North Island and the South Island). The nation's capital - the city of Wellington. The population of New Zealand is about 4,443,900 people. State is built on the principles of constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy and is among the world's developed countries.
New Zealand is famous for its rich and diverse nature: geysers, mountains, and lakes, forests and caves, glaciers and beaches. The extensive development of the environmental movement allows you to keep all this splendor in almost pristine condition, even in large cities. And after the screens of the world trilogy "The Lord of the Rings", filmed entirely in New Zealand, a country engulfed boom "Frodo-tourism." These pilgrimages are held in the Bombay hills and expanses of Waikato and Takako, to the volcanic mountains of Tongariro Ngaruhoe and on the slopes of the famous volcano Mount Ruapehu and Sandy, the fjords of Queenstown and Lake Uanaka. Active guests can ride on yachts, visit the cave, go down the fast mountain rivers, fish, wading through the forest, swim and visit the ski resorts.
The climate of New Zealand The climate varies from warm subtropical in the north to cool temperate in the south, in the mountainous areas dominated by harsh alpine climate. Chain of high Southern Alps divides the country into two distinct climatic zones. West Coast of the South Island - the most humid region; eastern part - the driest. In most parts of New Zealand's annual rainfall ranges from 600 to 1600 mm. Average temperature - +10 ° C in the south to +16 ° C in the north. The coldest month - July, but the warmest - January and February. In the mountainous areas of the country with increasing altitude the temperature drops sharply, by about 0,7 ° C per 100 m.
Traditions of New Zealand New Zealand is full of traditions of people from many parts of the world. However, all New Zealanders, regardless of race and religion, and historical roots of education willingly call themselves the "kiwi", and set many specific national and cultural items has long been known as the kiwi (kiwi - a small bird that is not able to fly, lives only in New Zealand and is the national symbol of the country). The main element of the kiwi - a way of life of New Zealanders: kiwi, sociability, friendliness, kiwi, kiwi, "do it yourself" and many other details of the "kiwi", creating a sense of "We are the kiwi."
Public holidays: January 1-2 - New Year.
Public holidays: February 6 - Waitangi Day (day of the signing of the peace agreement between the Europeans and Maori in 1840
Public holidays: March-April - Easter.
And other public holidays: April 25 - Anzac Day - Memorial Day in the world wars. First Monday in June - Queen's Birthday. October 24-25 (or third Monday of the month) - Labor Day. December 25 - Christmas Day. December 26 - Boxing Day.
Cuisine of New Zealand New Zealand - one of the leading producers of meat and dairy products in the world, so the basis of almost all local dishes are lamb, beef and pork. Very popular meat with fried potatoes, natural steak and roast beef. As a side dish usually served potatoes or local sweetish variety - "Kumar". Seafood is very rare, and in any restaurant you can order oysters, lobster, shellfish, and many different varieties of fish. The country also produces a variety of first-rate French cheeses such as: Brie, Camembert, Bleu de Bresse Bleu, and Montana. Traditional desserts - cake with whipped cream and fruit, a large round cake with fruit and whipped cream, jam and dry biscuits English type. Of alcoholic beverages preferred beer, which is considered one of the best in the world for quality. The most popular brands - "Lion Red", "OB Natural", "DB Draught", "Speight", "Canterbury Draught", etc.
Port city of Oakland The port city of Auckland, the former to 1865 the capital of New Zealand, located at the narrowest point of the North Island. This huge city (the area of 5.6 thousand square meters. Km.) Is unique in its kind: industrial, cultural and economic center of the country, he built up with one-story houses. A relatively young city, not rich in historical sights, but is among the 10 most beautiful and the best cities to live in the world. One of the centers prityazhniya tourists in Auckland is an oceanarium "Kelly Tarlton Underwater World" (Kelly Tarlton's Underwater World). This extremely popular complex in addition to the traditional attributes of the aquarium, such as underwater tunnels, pools and aquariums with sharks, fish and other inhabitants of the underwater world, a pavilion's "Meet the Antarctic" (Antarctic Encounter). Here you can see not only the representatives of the Antarctic fauna, but also learn a great deal about Antarctica, its pioneers and modern research. In one of the pavilions hut recreated the famous English traveler Scott, in which his expedition spent the winter in 1911. Another attraction of Auckland - rotating tower restaurant Sky Tower. The city's history will tell the Oakland Museum, the National Maritime Museum and the New Zealand War Memorial Museum.
Waikato Waikato region is famous for picturesque landscapes, fertile lands and Lake Taupo, which lie in a huge volcanic crater at an altitude of 357 m Lake Taupo - a treasure of New Zealand: in addition to the natural beauty and abundance of thermal springs in abundance usual rainbow trout. Also of great interest is the Tongariro National Park (included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site), in whose territory the three active volcanoes of Tongariro (1968 m), Naurohe (2291 m) and Ruapehu (2797 m), and on the slopes of volcanoes in a ski station.
Wellington Wellington - one of the most beautiful cities in New Zealand. On its arms without reason says: "Excellent by location." Fairy impressive botanical garden with its rose garden, the garden of begonias and other beauties. It is located on a hilltop Tinakori, offering breathtaking views of the city, the port and the Strait. It should also explore the Memorial Park of the first settlers, the Parliament (1912), the building of the former Government Palace (XIX c.), The National Museum, "Te Papa Tongarewa," Maritime Museum, and the Portrait Gallery of Fine Arts, City Art Gallery, Zoo, New Zealand Astronomy Center and Planetarium.
Stewart Island Stewart Island - a paradise for nature lovers, he covered with bush, where thousands of nesting birds, including the famous kiwi bird, and beautiful sandy beaches stretch for 745 km.
Puzzling World Stuart Lands borough's Puzzling - tourist attraction near Wanaka, New Zealand. It was originally created as a simple maze in 1973, but was later expanded in the attraction appeared "Cafe puzzles", rooms with optical illusions and more. The creators of the attraction is already many years ago, announced about some hidden place in the maze, which can be found only through psychic abilities. For his discovery promised prize, which currently remains unclaimed. Already six psychics who call themselves professionals in this area, trying to find this place, but left with nothing.
A little bit about New Zealand: