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THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND THE UNITED KINGDOM IS SITUATED IN THE NORTHWEST OF EUROPE. THE UNITED KINGDOM CONSISTS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND. GREAT BRITAIN IS THE LARGEST ISLAND IN EUROPE. IT CONSISTS OF: ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND WALES. ENGLAND IS SITUATED IN THE SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL PART OF GREAT BRITAIN, SCOTLAND IS IN THE NORTH AND WALES IS IN THE WEST. GREAT BRITAIN IS WASHED BY THE ATLANTIC OCEAN AND THE IRISH SEA IN THE WEST AND BY THE ENGLISH CHANNEL IN THE SOUTH. NORTHERN IRELAND IS SITUATED IN THE NORTHEASTERN PART OF IRELAND. ENGLAND,SCOTLAND,WALES AND NORTHERN IRELAND MAKE THE UNITED KINGDOM. GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION
THE CLIMATE AND WEATHER THE CLIMATE OF GREAT BRITAIN IS DAMP AND MILD. THE IRISH SEA ENTERS DEEPLY INTO THE LAND. THIS GREAT- LY INFLUENCES THE CLIMATE: THE WINTER IS NOT VERY COLD AND THE SUMMER IS NOT VERY HOT. IT OFTEN RAINS IN ENG- LAND.RAIN FALLS IN SPRING, SUMMER, AUTUMN AND WINTER. SNOW FALLS ONLY IN THE NORTH AND WEST OF THE COUNTRY ENGLAND IS OFTEN CALLED THE « FOGGY ALBION».
POLITICAL SYSTEM The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland State flag State emblem Symbols of Commonwealth STATE SYMBOLS
THE FLAG OF THE UNITED KINGDOM IS KNOWN AS THE «UNION JACK». (JACK IS A SAILING NAME FOR A FLAG).THE ORIGINAL DESIGN COMBINED THE RED CROSS OF ENGLAND WITH THE WHITE DIAGONAL CROSS ON A BLUE BACKGROUND OF SCOTLAND. THE RED DIAGONAL CROSS OF IRELAND APPEARED IN 1801. WALES IS NOT REPRESENTED ON THE FLAG,BECAUSE IT IS A PRINCIPALITY OF INGLAND. State flag
THE LION AND THE ONE-HORNED HORSE ARE HOLDING THE SHIELD WITH THE CROWN. State emblem
THE SYMBOLS OF THE BRITISH MONARCHY ARE: CROWN, STICK AND SYMBOL OF THE STATE. State symbols of the British monarchy CROWN stick SYMBOL OF THE STATE
ELIZABETH II, is not only Queen of the United Kingdom but also the Head of the Commonwealth.
THE OFFICIAL ARRIVAL OF THE QUEEN TO BUCKINGHAM PALACE DURING THE SELEBRATION OF HER BIRTHDAY.
THE SLOGAN OF WINDSOR*S DYNASTY: « God and my right « ANTHEM: «God Save the Queen «
The British Royal Family QUEEN ELIZABETH II inherited the throne more than fifty years ago, after her father*s death. She was born in 1926. She was christened Elizabeth Alexandra Mary. Prince Philip,the Duke of Edinburgh Philip Mountbatten is not the King, he is only the Queen*s husband, because the head of the State is the Queen Elizabeth II. They have four Children.
*Queen’s children * Charles Anne Andrew Edward Charles, the Prince of Wales is the Queen*s eldest son. He was born in 1948. He is an official successor of the throne. He will be the King after his mother*s death. Princess Anne is the Queen*s second child, was born on 15 August 1950. Prince Andrew, the Duke of York – the third child, was born on 19 February 1960 Prince Edward, the Earl of Wessex – the Queen*s yongest son, was born on March 1964.
Queen*s grandchildren On 29 July 1981 the Prince of Wales married Lady Diana Spencer. But some years ago Diana perished in car catastrophe. They have got two sons:William and Henry. The English people loved Diana very much. Prince Charles married again Kamilla Parker Bowls. Queen Elizabeth has got seven grandchildren.
THE STATE OPENING OF PARLIAMENT
The Queen*s speech always takes place on Wednesday in November in the House of Lords at 11 a.m. It is the centerpiece of the State Opening of Parliament. This is the event where the Queen puts on her glittering ceremonial dress and crown and speaks from a throne, watched by her husband and other members of her family and Lords. The ceremony begins with a procession of carriages from Buckingham Palace, bearing the Queen and her family. On arrival at the House of Lords, she makes her way to the chamber, where the throne Is situated, to make her speech. It is long – standing tradition that the Monarch never enters the House of Commons.
POLITICAL AND INDUSTRIAL CENTRES OF GREAT BRITAIN London is the capital of Great Britain. It is a very big and important political, industrial, scientific and cultural centre of the county. There are many plants and factories, institutes, libraries, museums, art galleries, theatres, cinemas, supermarkets, schools etc. The biggest cities of England Sheffield is a centre of a steel industry and in Manchester there are many textile factories. Liverpool is one of the big ports on the west coast of the Island. Oxford and Cambridge are university towns, in Glasgow and Edinburgh is highly developed maching building and metallurgical industry.
London is the capital of Great Britain. It is a very old city. It is two thousand years old. London is not only the capital of the country, it is also a huge port. London is situated on both banks of the river Thames. The population of London is about 9 million people. London has four parts: the City of London, the West End, the East End and Westminster. The City of London is the financial centre of the United Kingdom. There are many offices, firms and banks in this part of London. The West End is the centre of London. It is the richest part of London. Only rich people live there. The East End is the district for the working people. There are many factories, plants and workshops there. Westminster is the administrative centre of London. The English Parliament is and Westminster Abbey are situated there.
Buckingham Palace is the London home of Queen Elizabeth II. It was built in 1703. The ceremony of changing the Guard.
Tower Bridge is the most huge and well – known sights of London. It is a favourite place for tourist and sweethearts. TOWER BRIDGE
BIG BEN The large clock in one of the towers is Big Ben. The Clock and the bell got their names after Sir Benjamin Hall.
Trafalgar Square is a historical reminder of the great naval Admiral Lord Nelson. Today the square is famous for its Flocks of pigeons and is used as a meeting place for rallies
Windsor Castle is the biggest and Oldest Castle in the world. It is a family castle of Windsors.
Westminster Abbey is very beautiful. Nearly all the kings and queens of Bri - tain were crowned and buried there. Many great English scientists and fa – mouse English po – ets and writers are Buried. Westminster abbey
ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL Sir Christopher Wren – the most famous of all English architects, designed St Pa – ul*s Cathedral. It took him 35 years to plan and build St Paul*s Cathed- ral, which was completed in 1710. Inside the cathed rall one can see many monu – ments to gene – rals and admi – rals. Admiral Nelson is buri – ed here too. When Christo – pher Wren died he was buried in this cathedral.
People like to have a rest on the river Thames.
MADAM TUSSAUD*S MUSEUM Madam Tussaud, a friend of Louis XVI*s sister, arrived in England in 1802 fleeing from the French revolution. She brought with her a collection of death masks of guillotined aristocrats. Today one will find wax models of well known sports personalities, musicians and film stars, statesmen from around the world, and even the Royal Family.
London's double-deckers are well - known all over the world. DOUBLE-DECKER
STONEHENGE is one England's most famous prehistoric monuments and is over 4,000 years old. It is situated on the South of England.
Greenwich Meridian You know that East meets West at the Greenwich Meridian. The Old Royal Observatory is situated here. It is London. Many tourists visit this Observatory every day.
Режисер- Болог Діма The project work is done by pupils of the 8,9B,11A forms
TO BE CONTINUED… THE END
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