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Articles All singular countable nouns must be modified by a determiner. The a...
The Indefinite Article A or An The indefinite article “a” or “an” is used; B...
An is used before a word that begins with a vowel sound ( a, e, i, o, u). Whe...
To introduce a subject that has not been mentioned before; I saw a snake. I c...
With some expression of quantity; a great many a great deal a couple of a few...
In exclamations with “What + a countable noun What a lovely day! What a terri...
The Definite Article “The” The definite article the can be used before any no...
2. When it is clear to both the speaker and the listener which thing or perso...
3. Before a noun mentioned for the second time: A bird flew into the classroo...
5. Before names of musical instruments He plays the piano I can’t play the g...
7. Before expressions of time and place: The morning the future the North the...
8. Before ordinal numbers (the definite article is not used with cardinal nu...
** If the noncountable noun is followed by a descriptive adjective clause or...
11.When a proper noun is used as a modifier for another noun, the always prec...
12.The always precedes ‘same’ and ‘only’ This story is almost exactly the sam...
. 14.National groups The British drink far too much tea. The Turkish are know...
The Hawaiian Islands The Great Lakes The Mississippi River The Black Sea x Mo...
SUMMARY ARTICLE 1. On the radio 2. Newspapers (the Times) 3. The whole family...
7. Well – known buildings The Eiffel Tower The World Trade Center 8. Zoos The...
9.Names of fields of study when they contain the word ‘of ’ The history of th...
NO ARTICLE (x)  There is no article: 1.before plural and uncountable nouns wh...
4.With prepositions of place, when the place plays an important role; Sally i...
6. before countries, towns, streets, languages, magazines, airports, stations...
NO ARTICLE 1. On x TV 2. Maganizes (x Fountain,x Newsweek) 3. Personal names...
6. Streets and Avenues X Madison Avenue X Wall Street 7. Parks X Central Park...
Exercises Fill in the blanks with the correct article a, an, the or x (nothin...
.... City of Montreal, in ...... Canada,is built on ...... large river island...
The early settlers of ...... Pacific Islands, ..... Polynesians, always carri...
.....Methane is ..... Odorless burning gas and is ........main ingredient of...
In ...... 1860s Louis Pasteur discovered that .......bacteria in air caused ....
19. As soon as J’m got home from .......... school he went straight to ........
22. In ......... office where I work ......... most people have a degree in...

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

1 слайд Articles All singular countable nouns must be modified by a determiner. The a
Описание слайда:

Articles All singular countable nouns must be modified by a determiner. The articles a, an and the are determiners. Other determiners are words like “this, that, my, your, his, her,..etc That is to say; a singular countable word can not be used in a sentence without a determiner.

2 слайд The Indefinite Article A or An The indefinite article “a” or “an” is used; B
Описание слайда:

The Indefinite Article A or An The indefinite article “a” or “an” is used; Before singular countable nouns to mean one. It is not used before uncountable and plural nouns. Australia is a continent. Turkey is a country in Asia.

3 слайд An is used before a word that begins with a vowel sound ( a, e, i, o, u). Whe
Описание слайда:

An is used before a word that begins with a vowel sound ( a, e, i, o, u). When words begin with “h” or “u”, either a or an can be used depending on the sound. an uncle a home a university a union an hour an honourable man

4 слайд To introduce a subject that has not been mentioned before; I saw a snake. I c
Описание слайда:

To introduce a subject that has not been mentioned before; I saw a snake. I caught a fish yesterday. With an expression of a definite quantity in the singular; A dozen a ton a half a third A mile a thousand a hundred A pound

5 слайд With some expression of quantity; a great many a great deal a couple of a few
Описание слайда:

With some expression of quantity; a great many a great deal a couple of a few a lot of three times a day a number of a little a pair of fifty miles an hour With names of professions; He is an engineer. When “a” or “an” means per; Julie earns $500 a week.

6 слайд In exclamations with “What + a countable noun What a lovely day! What a terri
Описание слайда:

In exclamations with “What + a countable noun What a lovely day! What a terrible sweater! What a pity! What a nonsense! Note: In some languages, one and a, an are the same word. In English a, an for the indefinite is more common. We use one if we want to be precise, and we want to emphasize one, not two, or three, or four. He drives a Volswagen. She has got one Rolls-Royce, two Cadillacs and three motorbikes.

7 слайд The Definite Article “The” The definite article the can be used before any no
Описание слайда:

The Definite Article “The” The definite article the can be used before any noun, singular, plural, countable and uncountable when the noun is specific. The island, the islands , the water The definite article “the” is used; When there is only one of the thing mentioned: (Unique objects ) The sun is shining. The moon is full tonight. The sky is blue. The government The King The president

8 слайд 2. When it is clear to both the speaker and the listener which thing or perso
Описание слайда:

2. When it is clear to both the speaker and the listener which thing or person is referred to; Could you open the door, please? (Both the speaker and the listener know which door it is.) Pass the salt, please. Did you read the book I gave yesterday? Have you heard the news about them?

9 слайд 3. Before a noun mentioned for the second time: A bird flew into the classroo
Описание слайда:

3. Before a noun mentioned for the second time: A bird flew into the classroom. The bird sat on my desk. 4. Before superlative adjectives: The biggest island is Greenland. The most beautiful coral island is very small.

10 слайд 5. Before names of musical instruments He plays the piano I can’t play the g
Описание слайда:

5. Before names of musical instruments He plays the piano I can’t play the guitar 6.Before decades and centuries: The 1800s, the twenties, the twentieth century

11 слайд 7. Before expressions of time and place: The morning the future the North the
Описание слайда:

7. Before expressions of time and place: The morning the future the North the top The afternoon the present the South the front The evening the past the East the back The West the bottom

12 слайд 8. Before ordinal numbers (the definite article is not used with cardinal nu
Описание слайда:

8. Before ordinal numbers (the definite article is not used with cardinal numbers.) Ordinal numbers Cardinal numbers The first chapter Chapter One The second day Day Two The sixth lesson Lesson six 9. When speaking about a specific noun: Coffee originated in Ethiopia (general) The coffee I had this morning was Brazillian (specific) Sugar costs 50 cents a pound (general) The sugar that he bought last night was covered with ants.

13 слайд ** If the noncountable noun is followed by a descriptive adjective clause or
Описание слайда:

** If the noncountable noun is followed by a descriptive adjective clause or phrase, we use the article ‘the’. 10.Before names of countries, states, cities, universities colleges, and schools that contain the word ‘of’ and before conutries that have a plural name or have an adjective in the name, except for Great Britain: The United States of America The state of Florida / The Netherlands The city of Boston / The Philippines The University of Texas / Texas University The United Kingdom

14 слайд 11.When a proper noun is used as a modifier for another noun, the always prec
Описание слайда:

11.When a proper noun is used as a modifier for another noun, the always precedes the proper noun. The Simiths’ house The Egyptian pharaohs The European Community

15 слайд 12.The always precedes ‘same’ and ‘only’ This story is almost exactly the sam
Описание слайда:

12.The always precedes ‘same’ and ‘only’ This story is almost exactly the same as a story I read last year by a different author. He is the only person in the office who smokes. 13.  Articles are usually not used with parts of the body or clothing when the owner of the parts of the body or clothing is known. In these cases a possesive adjective is usually used. Julia cut her hair I wore my best pants.

16 слайд . 14.National groups The British drink far too much tea. The Turkish are know
Описание слайда:

. 14.National groups The British drink far too much tea. The Turkish are known to be very brave. 15.Classes of people The rich / the old / the educated The poor / the young / the accused 16. Before geographical areas, but not before names of the continents: The Middle East Asia The Orient Europe 17. Before names of oceans, rivers, seas, gulfs, and plural names of mountains, islands, and lakes. The Pacific Ocean The Gulf of Mexio The Appalachian Mountains

17 слайд The Hawaiian Islands The Great Lakes The Mississippi River The Black Sea x Mo
Описание слайда:

The Hawaiian Islands The Great Lakes The Mississippi River The Black Sea x Mount Everest x Manhattan Island x Lake Michigan 18. Before the names of ships, trains, planes, and people’s family names (the definite article isn’t used with the names of people and names of magazines.) The Browns The Mayflower Micheal Keaten The Orient Express The Titanic Newsweek

18 слайд SUMMARY ARTICLE 1. On the radio 2. Newspapers (the Times) 3. The whole family
Описание слайда:

SUMMARY ARTICLE 1. On the radio 2. Newspapers (the Times) 3. The whole family (the Smiths) 4. Title without name The Queen The President 5. Plural names of mountains, islands, and lakes; The Canary Islands The Himalayas The Great Lakes 6. Well – known buildings The Eiffel Tower The World Trade Center

19 слайд 7. Well – known buildings The Eiffel Tower The World Trade Center 8. Zoos The
Описание слайда:

7. Well – known buildings The Eiffel Tower The World Trade Center 8. Zoos The London 200

20 слайд 9.Names of fields of study when they contain the word ‘of ’ The history of th
Описание слайда:

9.Names of fields of study when they contain the word ‘of ’ The history of the United States The literature of the Sixties 10. The ---------- language The English language 11.The / university , college / of ------ The university of Michigan The university of London 12. Names of meals in a specific sense The dinner was delicious.

21 слайд NO ARTICLE (x)  There is no article: 1.before plural and uncountable nouns wh
Описание слайда:

NO ARTICLE (x)  There is no article: 1.before plural and uncountable nouns when talking about things in general. (plurals not previously mentioned and not post-modified) I like x orange juice / Give x peace a chance X Milk is good for you 2. before most proper names We live in x France I will see you in x January 3. before names of meals It’s time for x lunch What is for x dinner?

22 слайд 4.With prepositions of place, when the place plays an important role; Sally i
Описание слайда:

4.With prepositions of place, when the place plays an important role; Sally is in x prison (She’s a prisoner) Sally is in the prison (A visitor to the building) Similar are; church, hospital, school, university, home, work, bed 5.Before general means of transportations: We went there by / x car, x train , x bus

23 слайд 6. before countries, towns, streets, languages, magazines, airports, stations
Описание слайда:

6. before countries, towns, streets, languages, magazines, airports, stations: I bought x Cosmopolitan at x Haydarpaşa Station. X Spain is a Mediterrean country. X Turkish isn’t easy to learn.

24 слайд NO ARTICLE 1. On x TV 2. Maganizes (x Fountain,x Newsweek) 3. Personal names
Описание слайда:

NO ARTICLE 1. On x TV 2. Maganizes (x Fountain,x Newsweek) 3. Personal names (x Mike Harrison) 4. Title and name X Queen Elizabeth X President Clinton 5.Singular mountains, islands, lakes X Mount Ağrı X Coney Island X Lake Van

25 слайд 6. Streets and Avenues X Madison Avenue X Wall Street 7. Parks X Central Park
Описание слайда:

6. Streets and Avenues X Madison Avenue X Wall Street 7. Parks X Central Park 8. School Subjects X History, X Biology 9. Languages X English x French 10. Name + college / university X London University X Boston College 11.Names of meals in a general sense X Dinner is my favourite meal

26 слайд Exercises Fill in the blanks with the correct article a, an, the or x (nothin
Описание слайда:

Exercises Fill in the blanks with the correct article a, an, the or x (nothing) Islands make up ...... entire land area of some countries, including ....... Japan and ...... Philippines. The, x , the ....... Florida Keys are coastal islands built on coral reefs. .The ...... Mackinac Island in ....... Lake Michigan is ..... lake island. .x, x, a

27 слайд .... City of Montreal, in ...... Canada,is built on ...... large river island
Описание слайда:

.... City of Montreal, in ...... Canada,is built on ...... large river island. The, x, a .... Aleutian Islands, part of .....Alaska,are ..... string of coastal islands that were built by ..... volcanoes. The, x, a, x On ..... big island of Hawai is one of ...... World’s greatest volcanoes, ....... Manua Loa. .the, the, x Kilauea is ..... most active volcano in .....state of........Hawai. .the, the, x

28 слайд The early settlers of ...... Pacific Islands, ..... Polynesians, always carri
Описание слайда:

The early settlers of ...... Pacific Islands, ..... Polynesians, always carried ......coconuts with them in their canoes. .the, the, x In ......... Indonesia is .......huge lizard, ...... Komondo Dragon, that eats deer and attacks people. .x, a, the ......dodo, a giant bird now extinct, lived on ......island of Mauritius, in ..... Indian Ocean. .the, the, the ......watt is named after James Watt, ....... British engineer who developed ........steam engine in …... 1760s. .the, the,the, the

29 слайд .....Methane is ..... Odorless burning gas and is ........main ingredient of
Описание слайда:

.....Methane is ..... Odorless burning gas and is ........main ingredient of .......natural gas. .x, x, the, x .....alcohol acts as .......narcotic on ......nervous system and ......brain. .x, a, the, the Zachary Taylor was .....first president to be elected from a state west of .....Mississippi River. .the, the ......barnacles, which are related to ......lobsters, ......shrimp, and ......crabs, make .......strongest glue. .x, x, x, x, the

30 слайд In ...... 1860s Louis Pasteur discovered that .......bacteria in air caused .
Описание слайда:

In ...... 1860s Louis Pasteur discovered that .......bacteria in air caused ......perishable food to go ...... bad. .the, the, the,x It is ..... interesting book. It gives ..... wonderful picture of what..... life was like in ..... Victorian times. an , a , x ,x 18. I have noticed that ..... English people do not seem to shake ..... hands as much as people do in ..... Turkey. x, x, x

31 слайд 19. As soon as J’m got home from .......... school he went straight to .....
Описание слайда:

19. As soon as J’m got home from .......... school he went straight to ........... since he felt as if he had ......... flu. x, x, the 20. On ......... thirty-first of December, thousands of people gather in.......... Times Square,New York, to celebrate ............ coming of ........ New Year. the, x, the, the 21. ............. universities of Oxford and Cambridge are two of .......... most famous universities in ............ Europe. the, the, x

32 слайд 22. In ......... office where I work ......... most people have a degree in
Описание слайда:

22. In ......... office where I work ......... most people have a degree in .......... English,but my boss, who is ........... nicest person I’ve worked for, has a PhD in .......... astronomy. the, x, x, the, x 23. Stephen has ......... seminer on ......... Saturday morning, so we are not able to go to .......... ski-slopes until ........ Sunday. a, x, the, x 24. ........ Detective Sherlock Holmes and his assistant, ......... Doctor Watson, solved ......... number of mysteries. x, x, a

33 слайд
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34 слайд
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