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The London Eye Лондонский глаз The London Eye is a giant 135-metre tall Ferris wheel situated on the banks of the River Thames in the British capital. It is the tallest Ferris wheel in Europe, and the most popular paid tourist attraction in the United Kingdom, visited by over 3.5 million people annually. The London Eye is located on the South Bank of the River Thames in London.
The Tower of London Лондонский Тауэр An ancient fortress in London. Now it’s a museum of armour and also the place where Crown Jewels are kept. It comprises not one, but 20 towers. The oldest of which, the White Tower. Many stories associated with British history come from the Tower. In 1483 King Edward IV's two sons were murdered in the so-called Bloody Tower. Of course, no visit to the Tower would be complete without seeing the ravens; huge black birds. Legend states that if the ravens were to leave the Tower the Crown will fall, and Britain with it. Under the special care of the Raven Master, the ravens are fed a daily diet of raw meat. And there is no danger of them flying away, because their wings are clipped.
The Bloody Tower Кровавая башня The Bloody Tower was built by King Henry III between 1238 - 1272 The Bloody Tower was originally named the Garden Tower. But was given this nickname from the murderous events which were believed to have occurred in the building. It is believed to first derive its name from the suicide in it of Henry Percy. It was then believed to be the scene of the murder of the two little Princes in the Tower – Edward V and his brother the Duke of York. Finally it was believed that Henry VI also met his death here. Others who suffered imprisonment or death in the Bloody Tower included: Henry Percy died there in mysterious circumstances in 1585; Hanging Judge Jeffreys , Sir Thomas Overbury, poet and many others.
The White Tower Белая Башня The White Tower is a central tower, the old tower, at the Tower of London. It was started in 1078 by William the Conqueror who ordered the White Tower to be built inside the south-east part of The City walls, near the River Thames. This was as to protect London from outside invaders. William ordered the Tower to be built of stone. The tower was finished around 1087 by his sons and successors, William Rufus and Henry I.
Stonehenge Стоунхендж Stonehenge is a prehistoriс monument located in the English county of Wiltshire (Уилтшир), about 13 kilometres north of Salisbury (Солсбери). One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones.
The University of Cambridge Кембриджский университет The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University, or simply Cambridge) is public, research university located in Cambridge, United Kingdom. It is the second-oldest university in both England and the English-speaking world and the seventh-oldest globally. It is one of the best universities in the world. Graduates University have won a total of 61 Nobel Prizes, the most of any university in the world. Academic staff of University won a total of 52 Nobel Prizes, second most of any academic institution (after Columbia University).
Madame Tussauds Мадам Тюссо Madame Tussauds is a wax museum in London with branches in a number of major cities. It was founded by wax sculptor Marie Tussaud and was formerly known as "Madame Tussaud's«. Madame Tussauds is a major tourist attraction in London, displaying waxworks of historical and royal figures, film stars, sports stars and famous murderers. В настоящее время технология создания восковых фигур не претерпела значительных изменений, но появились более широкие возможности использовать новые материалы, такие, как искусственный кожный покров или пластик для имитации глаз и ногтей. Для достоверности создания духа эпохи теперь используются не только костюм, интерьер, но и компьютерное моделирование голоса и шумового сопровождения, анимация для создания задних планов композиций и движение самих фигур. За время своего существования Музей неоднократно горел, перестраивался, претерпел много изменений. Современный потомок мадам - Бернард Тюссо отреставрировал комплекс и прибавил к нему планетарий. В 1970 году в Амстердаме был открыт филиал лондонского музея.
Windsor Castle Виндзорский замок Windsor Castle is a medieval castle and royal residence in Windsor. The original castle was built after the Norman invasion by William the Conqueror, and since the time of Henry I it has been used by a succession of monarchs. The castle includes the 15th-century St George's Chapel (капелла св. Георгия). More than five hundred people live and work in Windsor, making it the largest inhabited castle in the world.
The British Museum Британский музей The British Museum is a museum of human history and culture in London. Its collections, which number more than seven million objects, are among the largest and most comprehensive in the world and originate from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present
The Royal Albert Hall Королевский Альберт Холл The Royal Albert Hall is a concert hall situated in London. The Royal Albert Hall is one of the UK's most treasured and distinctive buildings, recognizable all over the world. Since its opening by Queen Victoria in 1871, the world's leading artists from every kind of performance genre have appeared on its stage. Each year it hosts more than 350 performances including classical concerts, rock and pop, ballet and opera, award ceremonies, school and community events, charity performances .
Buckingham Palace Букингемский дворец Buckingham Palace is the London home and primary residence of the British monarch. Buckingham Palace has 775 rooms. These include 19 State rooms, 52 Royal and guest bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices and 78 bathrooms. Buckingham Palace is the Queens official London residence and is used to receive and entertain guests on state, ceremonial and official occasions for the Royal Family. The Palace is located between The Green Park, Hyde Park and St. James's Park. Buckingham Palace's 19 state rooms, ballroom and gardens are open to visitors during August and September.
Kensington Palace Кенсингтонский дворец Kensington Palace is a royal residence set in Kensington Gardens in London, England. It has been a residence of the British Royal Family since the 17th century. Kensington Palace is also used on an unofficial basis by Prince Harry, as well as his cousin Zara Phillips. It was the official residence of Diana, Princess of Wales (until her death in 1997).
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The Palace of Westminster Вестминстерский дворец The Palace of Westminster, also known as the Houses of Parliament or Westminster Palace, is the meeting place of the two houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom—the House of Lords and the House of Commons. It lies on the north bank of the River Thames, close to the historic Westminster Abbey. The Palace is one of the centres of political life in the United Kingdom.
Piccadilly Circus Площадь Пикадилли Piccadilly Circus is a famous road junction and public space of London's West End in the City of Westminster, built in 1819 to connect Regent Street with the major shopping street of Piccadilly. In this context, a circus, from the Latin word meaning "circle", is a round open space at a street junction. The Circus is particularly known for its video display and neon signs mounted on the corner building on the northern side, as well as the Shaftesbury memorial fountain and statue of an archer popularly known as Eros. It is surrounded by several noted buildings.
Trafalgar Square Трафальгарская площадь Trafalgar Square is a public space and tourist attraction in central London, England. At its centre is Nelson's Column. There are a number of statues and sculptures in the square. The square is also used for political demonstrations and community gatherings, such as the celebration of New Year's Eve .
St. James’s Park Парк св. Джеймса St James's Park is probably the most beautiful of the capital's central parks. Now the most ornamental park in London with good views of Whitehall rooftops, St James's Park a popular place to stroll, feed the ducks or watch the pelicans. Popular in the summer with sunbathing office workers, a band plays throughout the summer. There are a lot of ducks, geese, pelicans and black swans on the lake. The bridge over it gives a view of Buckingham Palace.
Whitehall Уайтхолл Whitehall is a road in Westminster, in London, England The name is taken from the vast Palace of Whitehall that used to occupy the area but which was largely destroyed by fire in 1698. Whitehall was originally a wide road that ran up to the front of the palace. Trafalgar Square was built at its northern extremity in the early 19th century. The streets cover a total distance of about 1 kilometre.
Oxford University The University of Oxford (informally Oxford University, or simply Oxford) is a public university located in Oxford, United Kingdom. It is the second oldest university in the world and the oldest university in the English-speaking world. The two ancient universities (Cambridge and Oxford)have many common features and are often jointly referred to as Oxbridge.
Cleopatra’s Needle Игла Клеопатры Anyone visiting London for the first time and walking along the Thames may be surprised to come across an original Egyptian obelisk. This obelisk is known as Cleopatra's Needle …though it has very little to do with Cleopatra at all. It is known as Cleopatra's Needle as it was brought to London from Alexandria, the royal city of Cleopatra. Cleopatra's Needle stands on the Thames. Two large bronze Sphinxes lie on either side of the Needle. These are Victorian versions of the traditional Egyptian original.
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