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Economic problems выполнил ученик 8Вкласса МАОУ лицей№8 им. Н.Н. Рукавишникова Сорокин Иван учитель: Славникова В.В
Economic problems The economic problem – sometimes called the basic or central economic problem – asserts that an economy’s finite resources are insufficient to satisfy all human wants and needs. It assumes that human wants are unlimited, but the means to satisfy human wants are scarce.
The economic problem: needs and wants Needs Your needs – those things you think are necessary for living. A need is a good or service essential for living. Wants Your wants – things you would like to be able to buy and own. A want is a good or service which people would like to have, but which is not essential for living. People’s want are unlimited.
Needs are material items people need for survival, such as food, clothing, housing, and water. Until the Industrial Revolution, the vast majority of the world’s population struggled for access to basic human needs. Wants are effective desires for a particular product, or for something that can only be obtained by working for it. While the fundamental needs of survival are key in the function of the economy, wants are the driving force that stimulates demand for goods and services. To curb the economic problem, economists must classify the nature and different wants of consumers, as well as prioritize wants and organize production to satisfy as many wants as possible.
The real cause of economic problem Land This term is used to cover all of the natural resources provided by nature and includes fields and forests, oil, gas, metals and other mineral resources. Labour This is the efforts of people needed to make products. Capital This is the finance, machinery and equipment needed for the manufacture of goods. Enterprise This is the skill and risk-talking ability of the person who brings the other resources together to produce a good or service. For example, the owner of a business. These people are called entrepreneurs. The real cause of shortage of goods and services in a country is not having too little money. It is too few factors of production (also called resources of production). There are four factors of production.
The real cause of the economic problem
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