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GEOGRAPHY General Facts The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. It consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland It’s situated in the west of Europe. It’s washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea.
GEOGRAPHY The capital of England is London The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh
GEOGRAPHY The capital of Wales is Cardiff The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast
SYMBOLS The flag of Great Britain is red, white and blue. The British people call it “the Union Jack” The coat of arms of Great Britain has a crown on the shield, because it’s a monarchy. The shield is supported by the English lion and by the Unicorn of Scotland. The National Anthem of the UK “God Save the Queen”
Symbols and sights Double-deckers The Tube Taxi
Sights Tower bridge London Eye Stonehenge
Famous people The Tower Bridge was opened in 1893. Its towers are 65 metres. The Tower of London is famous for its ravens, they’ve lived here for 900 years. The Crown will fall, if the ravens leave the Tower. Big Ben is the most famous symbol of London. 1802 – 1867
Famous people Charles Robert Darwin (1809 – 1882) was an English naturalist and geologist, known for his contributions to evolutionary theory.
Famous people A popular monarch of England (reigned 1558–1603) who brought a period of relative internal stability Queen Elizabeth I (1533 – 1603)
Lewis Carroll (1832-1898) -an English writer who wrote two well-known children’s stories, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. His real name was Charles Lutwidge Dodgson
Daniel Defoe (1660-1731 ) - An English writer, whose most famous novels are Robinson Crusoe and Moll Flanders
Famous people (1882 - 1956)
Famous people William Shakespeare (1564 – 1616) was an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon".
CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS These customs are really English. English people like domestic animals. Every family has a pet: a dog, a cat or a bird. The English are tea-drinkers. They have it many times a day. Some Englishmen have tea for breakfast, tea in lunch time, tea after dinner, tea at tea-time and tea with supper
Christmas is celebrated all around the world. British people like it too, they have it on the 25th of December. The main character is Santa Claus. Children get a lot of presents and sing Christmas carols. Easter Day is the high point of the year. Easter eggs are important in Britain too. Children believe that Easter Rabbit hides the eggs in the garden. A traditional food is roast lamb. People give each other chocolate eggs that are wrapped in silver paper. HOLIDAYS
Halloween is celebrated on the 31st of October, it’s already well-known in Russia. February 14, the day when people send cards or give red roses or chocolates to the person they love HOLIDAYS
On this day you have to play the joke before 12 o’clock midday, otherwise the joke is on you Guy Fawkes” Night is observed on the 5th of November when people in Britain light fireworks and burn a straw guy on a bonfire. This celebration is often associated with collecting money for charity HOLIDAYS
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