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A black day in the life of the Kalmyk people was the day of 27 December 1943, when the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR "About the liquidation of the Kalmyk ASSR and the formation of the Astrakhan oblast within the RSFSR” was signed. On the following day, 28 December 1943 began forced mass deportation of Kalmyks to Siberia and other regions of the country. December 28 is the day of memory and grief for all of the Kalmyks.
УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДИУМА ВЕРХОВНОГО СОВЕТА СССР О ликвидации КАЛМЫЦКОЙ АССР и образовании Астраханской области в составе РСФСР Учитывая, что в период оккупации немецко-фашистскими захватчиками территории Калмыцкой АССР многие калмыки изменили Родине, вступали в организованные немцами воинские отряды для борьбы против Красной Армии, предавали немцам честных советских граждан, захватывали и передавали немцам эвакуированный из Ростовской области и Украины колхозный скот, а после изгнания Красной Армией оккупантов организовывали банды и активно противодействуют органам Советской власти по восстановлению разрушенного немцами хозяйства, совершают бандитские налеты на колхозы и терроризируют окружающее население, – Президиум Верховного Совета СССР постановляет: Всех калмыков, проживающих на территории Калмыцкой АССР, переселить в другие районы СССР, а Калмыцкую АССР ликвидировать.
On December 28, 1943 the Kalmyk people are descended sovereign anger of Stalin. At six in the morning, when people were still asleep, and over the steppe reigned night and the first frost bound the earth, into the homes of Kalmyks was broken into by armed soldiers under the command of the NKVD. They demanded the surrender of firearms, axes, knives... Of course people didn’t have any machines, pistols, rifles . And only then the soldiers declared the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, signed the all-Union elder Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin, on the liquidation of the Kalmyk ASSR and the Kalmyk deportation to Siberia. Unshoed and naked, the hungry and the poor old men and women, and also children and women immersed in the American "Studebakers" and taken to the train station. Poor people were stuffed into fifty or sixty in the biaxial calf-houses. 47 levels were formed. Frightened, confused people didn't understand. The operation was carried out quickly, hard. Overnight Kalmyk people have lost freedom, autonomy, became an outcast and was doomed to extinction. The operation to deport the Kalmyks were held on 28 and 29 December 1943 under the code name "Ulus".
December forty-third year, Twenty-eighth the number of ... Exactly one hour before sunrise The car enters the village. The village wakes ... Thin Isle pulled from the pipes, Knock buckets, lowing calf ... And suddenly - a ruthless and rude -The sound of the shot! Stomp ..Cries... And like a curse of fate:- Well, door-open,Kalmyks! All go out of the house!
Omsk region - 24 325 people. Krasnoyarsk Territory - 21 164 people. Altai Territory - 20 858 people. Novosibirsk region - 18 333 people. The eviction took place in the dead of winter. People were freezing cold and died of hunger.
March 17, 1956 Kalmyks were rehabilitated, they were allowed to return home. In February 1957, the Supreme Soviet of the USSR approved the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of 9 January 1957 on the establishment of the Kalmyk Autonomous oblast within the RSFSR. In 1958 it was restored the status of the Kalmyk ASSR.
On 28 December, commemorative day of victims of deportation of the Kalmyk people in Kalmykia. In this day of Kalmykia commemorates those who perished and mourn with those whose lives and fate were severely mutilated. Forcibly evicting Kalmyks — political crime of the totalitarian regime on the conscience which millions of broken lives. We remember We bewail We are proud of We will not forget