Инфоурок Английский язык ПрезентацииПрезентация на тему "Morphemes"

Презентация на тему "Morphemes"

Скачать материал
Скачать материал "Презентация на тему "Morphemes""

Получите профессию

Копирайтер

за 6 месяцев

Пройти курс

Рабочие листы
к вашим урокам

Скачать

Методические разработки к Вашему уроку:

Получите новую специальность за 2 месяца

Специалист в области обращения с отходами

Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

  • Morphemes

    1 слайд

    Morphemes

  • INTRODUCTIONWhen used in actual speech the word undergoes certain modificatio...

    2 слайд

    INTRODUCTION
    When used in actual speech the word undergoes certain modification and functions in one of its forms.
    The system showing a word in all its word-forms is called its paradigm. The lexical meaning of а word is the same throughout the paradigm .


  • Segmentation of Words into Morphemes Close observation and comparison of word...

    3 слайд

    Segmentation of Words into Morphemes
    Close observation and comparison of words clearly shows that a great many words have a composite nature and are made up of smaller units, each possessing sound-form and meaning. These are generally referred to as morphemes defined as the smallest indivisible two-facet language units.
    Like a word a morpheme is a two-facet language unit, an association of a certain meaning with a certain sound-pattern. Unlike a word a morpheme is not an autonomous unit and can occur in speech only as a constituent part of the word.
    Morphemes cannot be segmented into smaller units without losing their constitutive essence .
    Identification of morphemes in various texts shows that morphemes may have different phonemic shapes.

  • Principles of Morphemic Analysis. Types of Word Segmentability Morphemic str...

    4 слайд

    Principles of Morphemic Analysis.
    Types of Word Segmentability
    Morphemic structure of the word is concerned all
    English words fall into two large classes.

    Class I belong segmentable words, i.e. those allowing of segmentation into morphemes, e.g. agreement, information, fearless .
    Сlass II belong non-segmentable words, i.e. those not allowing of such segmentation, e.g. house, girl, woman, husband .

    The degree of morphemic segment-ability is not the same for different words.

  • Three types of morphemic segmentability of words Complete segmentability is c...

    5 слайд

    Three types of morphemic segmentability of words
    Complete segmentability is characteristic of a great many words the morphemic structure of which is transparent enough, as their individual morphemes clearly stand out within the word lending them easily to isolation.
    Conditional morphemic segmentability characterises words whose segmentation into the constituent morphemes is doubtful for semantic reasons.
    Defective morphemic segmentability is the property of words whose component morphemes seldom or never recur in other words. One of the component morphemes is a unique morpheme in the sense that it does not, as a rule, recur in a different linguistic environment.

  • Classification of MorphemesMorphemes may be classified:

Semantically morphem...

    6 слайд

    Classification of Morphemes
    Morphemes may be classified:

    Semantically morphemes fall into two classes: root-morphemes and non-root or affixational morphemes. Roots and affixes make two distinct classes of morphemes due to the different roles they play in word-structure.
    The root-morpheme is isolated as the morpheme common to a set of words making up a word-cluster, for example the morpheme teach-in to teach, teacher, teaching .
    Non-root morphemes include inflectional morphemes or inflections and affixational morphemes or affixes.

    Structurally morphemes fall into three types: free morphemes, bound morphemes, semi-free (semi- bound) morphemes.
    A free morpheme is defined as one that coincides with the stem or a word-form.
    A bound morpheme occurs only as a constituent part of a word.
    Semi-bound (semi-free) morphemes are morphemes that can function in a morphemic sequence both as an affix and as a free morpheme.

  • The relationship between the two classifications of morphemes discussed above...

    7 слайд

    The relationship between the two classifications of morphemes discussed above can be graphically presented in the following diagram:

  • Morphemic Types of Words morphemes words Monomorphiс Pоlуmоrphiс one root-mor...

    8 слайд

    Morphemic Types of Words
    morphemes words
    Monomorphiс
    Pоlуmоrphiс
    one root-morpheme
    monoradical
    polyradical
    radical-suffixal
    words
    radical-prefixal words
    prefixo-radical-suffixal
    polyradical words which
    consist of two or
    more roots with no
    affixational morphemes
    words which contain
    at least two roots
    and one or more
    affixational morphemes

  • Derivative RelationsDerivative structure 
simplexes complexes (Simple) (Deri...

    9 слайд

    Derivative Relations
    Derivative structure

    simplexes
    complexes
    (Simple)
    (Derivatives)
    words which
    derivationally
    cannot’ be
    segmented into ICs
    words which depend on
    some other simpler
    lexical items that
    motivate them structurally
    and semantically

  • The basic elementary units of the derivative structure of words 
derivational...

    10 слайд

    The basic elementary units of the derivative structure of words


    derivational affixes
    derivational bases
    derivational patterns
    The relations between words with a common root but of different derivative
    structure are known as derivative relations.
    The derivative and derivative relations make
    the subject of study at the derivational level of analysis;
    it aims at establishing correlations between different types of words,
    the structural and semantic patterns words are built on,
    the study also enables one to understand how new words appear
    in the language.

  • Derivational BasesDerivational bases 
fall into three classes bases that coin...

    11 слайд

    Derivational Bases
    Derivational bases
    fall into three classes
    bases that coincide with
    morphological
    stems of different degrees
    of complexity,
    e.g. dutiful, dutifully
    bases that coincide
    with word-forms;
    e.g. paper-bound,
    unsmiling
    bases that coincide with
    word-grоups of different
    degrees
    of stability,
    e ,g. second-rateness

  • Derivationally the stems may be derived stems are semantically 
and structura...

    12 слайд

    Derivationally the stems may be
    derived stems are semantically
    and structurally motivated,
    and are the results of the
    application of word-formation rules
    simple, which
    consist of only one,
    semantically nonmotivated
    constituent
    compound stems are always
    binary and semantically motivated,
    but unlike the derived stems
    both ICs of compound stems
    are stems themselves

  • Derivational bases are built on the following language units word-forms stems...

    13 слайд

    Derivational bases are built on the following language units
    word-forms
    stems of
    various structure
    word-groups or phrases

  • Derivational affixes Derivational affixes form derived stems by repatterning...

    14 слайд

    Derivational affixes
    Derivational affixes form derived stems by repatterning derivational bases. Semantically derivational affixes present a unity of lexical meaning and other types of meaning: functional, distributional and differential unlike non-derivational affixes which lack lexical meaning.

  • Derivational patterns the class of source unit
 that motivates the derivative...

    15 слайд

    Derivational patterns
    the class of source unit
    that motivates the derivative
    and the direction of motivation
    between different classes of words
    the part of speech
    of the derivative
    the lexical sets and semantic
    features of derivatives.

Получите профессию

Менеджер по туризму

за 6 месяцев

Пройти курс

Рабочие листы
к вашим урокам

Скачать

Скачать материал

Найдите материал к любому уроку, указав свой предмет (категорию), класс, учебник и тему:

6 745 796 материалов в базе

Скачать материал

Другие материалы

Вам будут интересны эти курсы:

Оставьте свой комментарий

Авторизуйтесь, чтобы задавать вопросы.

  • Скачать материал
    • 23.12.2018 2678
    • PPTX 123 кбайт
    • 37 скачиваний
    • Рейтинг: 2 из 5
    • Оцените материал:
  • Настоящий материал опубликован пользователем Чернякова Инна Геннадьевна. Инфоурок является информационным посредником и предоставляет пользователям возможность размещать на сайте методические материалы. Всю ответственность за опубликованные материалы, содержащиеся в них сведения, а также за соблюдение авторских прав несут пользователи, загрузившие материал на сайт

    Если Вы считаете, что материал нарушает авторские права либо по каким-то другим причинам должен быть удален с сайта, Вы можете оставить жалобу на материал.

    Удалить материал
  • Автор материала

    Чернякова Инна Геннадьевна
    Чернякова Инна Геннадьевна
    • На сайте: 5 лет и 6 месяцев
    • Подписчики: 3
    • Всего просмотров: 41331
    • Всего материалов: 20

Ваша скидка на курсы

40%
Скидка для нового слушателя. Войдите на сайт, чтобы применить скидку к любому курсу
Курсы со скидкой

Мини-курс

Детско-родительские отношения: эмоциональный аспект

6 ч.

780 руб. 390 руб.
Подать заявку О курсе
  • Сейчас обучается 38 человек из 24 регионов

Мини-курс

Искусство переговоров: стратегии и тактики в различных сферах жизни

6 ч.

780 руб. 390 руб.
Подать заявку О курсе
  • Сейчас обучается 40 человек из 18 регионов
  • Этот курс уже прошли 17 человек

Мини-курс

Педагогические аспекты обучения шахматам в школе

2 ч.

780 руб. 390 руб.
Подать заявку О курсе