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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Презентации / Презентация на тему "Phonetic Styles"
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Презентация на тему "Phonetic Styles"

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Выполнила: Светлакова Е.К. PHONETIC STYLES
Contents 1. Phonetic peculiarities of style 2. Style-forming and style-modify...
Phonetic peculiarities of style When used in speech phonetic units undergo va...
Phonostylistics Phonostylistics is a branch of phonetics which studies the wa...
The extralinguistic situation The extralinguistic situation can be described...
The scene (setting) The scene (setting) includes the physical orientation of...
Style-forming and style-modifying factors The extralinguistic factors, that d...
The aim of communication The purpose, or aim of communication may be called a...
Factors of stylistic variations of sounds and intonation Stylistic variations...
Segmental and prosodic style-forming means Each style of pronunciation is cha...
Formal and informal situations In formal situations pronunciation tends to be...
Classifying phonetic styles All existing classifications are based on differe...
The classification based on the purpose of communication The classification o...
Classification by S. Gaiduchik There now appear to be an increasing body of e...
List of references Борисова, Л.В. Теоретическая фонетика английского языка: у...
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Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1 Выполнила: Светлакова Е.К. PHONETIC STYLES
Описание слайда:

Выполнила: Светлакова Е.К. PHONETIC STYLES

№ слайда 2 Contents 1. Phonetic peculiarities of style 2. Style-forming and style-modify
Описание слайда:

Contents 1. Phonetic peculiarities of style 2. Style-forming and style-modifying factors 3. Classifying phonetic styles

№ слайда 3 Phonetic peculiarities of style When used in speech phonetic units undergo va
Описание слайда:

Phonetic peculiarities of style When used in speech phonetic units undergo various changes under the influence of extralinguistic factors. The bundle of these factors forms the extralinguistic situation. The extralinguistic situation determines the choice of language means, phonetic means in particular.

№ слайда 4 Phonostylistics Phonostylistics is a branch of phonetics which studies the wa
Описание слайда:

Phonostylistics Phonostylistics is a branch of phonetics which studies the way phonetic units (both segmental and suprasegmental) are used in particular extralinguistic situations. It is concerned with the identification of style-forming means, i.e. The phonetic features that enable the native speaker to distinguish intuitively between different styles of pronunciation.

№ слайда 5 The extralinguistic situation The extralinguistic situation can be described
Описание слайда:

The extralinguistic situation The extralinguistic situation can be described in terms of three components, i.e. purpose, participants and setting. These components distinguish situations as the context in which speech interaction takes place. Purpose is the most important factor that guides the communication. It is the task that is achieved in the course of communication. Participants are people involved in communication. Speech is a marker of various characteristics of people, both individual and social: age, gender, family background, occupation, social roles.

№ слайда 6 The scene (setting) The scene (setting) includes the physical orientation of
Описание слайда:

The scene (setting) The scene (setting) includes the physical orientation of participants, which is connected with the type of speech activity they are engaged in. Scenes can also be described in the following terms: public – non-public (private), formal – informal, monologuing – dialoguing – poliloguing. The channel of communication is also to be taken into consideration: face-to-face interaction – telephone communication, mass media communication.

№ слайда 7 Style-forming and style-modifying factors The extralinguistic factors, that d
Описание слайда:

Style-forming and style-modifying factors The extralinguistic factors, that determine the choice of phonetic means and result in phonostylistic variation are: – the purpose, or aim of communication; – the degree of formality of the situation; – the degree of spontaneity; – the speaker’s attitude.

№ слайда 8 The aim of communication The purpose, or aim of communication may be called a
Описание слайда:

The aim of communication The purpose, or aim of communication may be called a style forming factor, while all the others cause modifications within a particular style, which account for the existence of different kinds and genres of texts within each phonetic style. All the factors are interdependent and interconnected.

№ слайда 9 Factors of stylistic variations of sounds and intonation Stylistic variations
Описание слайда:

Factors of stylistic variations of sounds and intonation Stylistic variations of sounds and intonation result from different combinations of extralinguistic factors. Stylistic modifications of sounds are caused primarily by the degree of formality, while variations of intonation are basically determined by the aim of communication.

№ слайда 10 Segmental and prosodic style-forming means Each style of pronunciation is cha
Описание слайда:

Segmental and prosodic style-forming means Each style of pronunciation is characterized by a relatively high proportion of definite segmental and prosodic features which are not typical of other styles. If some of them are used in other styles, they occur not as often and in combination with other features. Therefore each phonetic style is characterized by a specific combination of certain segmental and prosodic features. Segmental style-forming means: the degree of assimilation, reduction, elision. Prosodic style-forming means: departure from a norm of loudness, tonal variation, variations of pitch levels, departure from a normal tempo, pauses.

№ слайда 11 Formal and informal situations In formal situations pronunciation tends to be
Описание слайда:

Formal and informal situations In formal situations pronunciation tends to be careful and is characterized by articulatory precision. In informal situations speech is generally faster and less careful. In informal casual discourse (fast colloquial speech) the processes of simplification take place: assimilation, reduction, elision. Each of the five phonetic styles is used in a particular sphere of discourse and is characterized by a set of prosodic features, which in their combination form the model of the phonetic style.

№ слайда 12 Classifying phonetic styles All existing classifications are based on differe
Описание слайда:

Classifying phonetic styles All existing classifications are based on different principles. They differ in the number of styles which are singled out. Some principles of classifications of pronunciation styles are: the degree of carefulness; the extent of formality; the rate of speech; the social situations; the phonetic features and other linguistic characteristics of the numerous varieties of speech forms; the phonetic features and other linguistic characteristics of the numerous varieties of speech forms and the extent of formality (S. Gaiduchik).

№ слайда 13 The classification based on the purpose of communication The classification o
Описание слайда:

The classification based on the purpose of communication The classification of phonetic styles is based on the purpose of communication, which is the most significant extralinguistic factor. Five phonetic styles can be singled out according to the purpose of communication: 1. Informational style; 2. Academic (Scientific) style; 3. Publicistic (Oratorial) style; 4. Declamatory (Artistic) style; 5. Conversational (Familiar) style.

№ слайда 14 Classification by S. Gaiduchik There now appear to be an increasing body of e
Описание слайда:

Classification by S. Gaiduchik There now appear to be an increasing body of evidence to support the view that scholars should distinguish between 1) phonetic styles of spontaneous speech (conversation, spontaneous monologue, etc.); 2) phonetic styles of prepared speech (lectures, speeches, etc.); 3) phonetic styles of reading aloud. In their turn, the phonetic styles of spontaneous speech should be classified into a) official style; b) informal style or the style of everyday-life discourse, and c) familiar (careless) style. Each of these subgroups includes numerous varieties which are modified by extralinguistic factors.

№ слайда 15 List of references Борисова, Л.В. Теоретическая фонетика английского языка: у
Описание слайда:

List of references Борисова, Л.В. Теоретическая фонетика английского языка: учебное пособие для ин-тов и фак-тов иностр. яз. / Л.В. Борисова, А.А. Метлюк. – Минск: Вышэйшая школа, 1980. – 144 с. Бурая, Е.А. Фонетика современного английского языка. Теоретический курс: учебник для студ. лингв. вузов и фак. / Е.А. Бурая, И.Е. Галочкина, Т.И. Шевченко. – 3-е изд., стер. – Москва: Издательский центр «Академия», 2009. – 272 с. Васильев, В.А. Фонетика английского языка. Теоретический курс: учебник для ин-тов и фак-тов иностр. яз. / В.А. Васильев. – Москва: Высшая школа, 1970. – 322 с. Виноградов В.В. Стилистика. Теория поэтической речи. Поэтика. – М., 1963. Дубовский Ю.А. Анализ интонации устного текста и его составляющих. – Минск, 1978. Леонтьева, С.Ф. Теоретическая фонетика современного английского языка: учебник для студентов педагогических вузов и университетов / C.Ф. Леонтьева. – 3-е изд., испр. и доп. – Москва: Издательство «Менеджер», 2004. – 336 с. Соколова, М.А. Теоретическая фонетика английского языка / М.А. Соколова, И. С. Тихонова, Р.М. Тихонова, Е.Л. Фрейдина. – Дубна: Феникс+, 2010. – 192 с. Шевченко, Т.И. Теоретическая фонетика английского языка: учебник / Т.И. Шевченко. – 2-е изд. стер. – Москва: Высшая школа, 2009. – 191 с. Galperin I.R. «Stylistics» «Moscow Higher School», 1977 Leontyeva S.F. «A Theoretical Course of English Phonetics», 2004 Soshalskaya E.G., Prokhorova V.L. «Stylistic Analysis», «Moscow Higher School», 1976


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Дата добавления 28.06.2016
Раздел Иностранные языки
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