Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
The present. present [’preznt] – грам. настоящее время присутствующий; be ~ присутствовать at ~ в данный момент; for the ~ на этот раз; that will be enough for the ~ пока довольно
The present continuous. Subject am + is are + Verb(-ing) +…. I He She It We They am is is is are are talking playing studying becoming reading asking to my friend now. football. computing. more popular. a book these day. me to stay late.
We use the present continuous to talk about: Something which is happening at the moment of speaking. I'm reading a book right now. Bob's not reading a book right now. Are you reading a book? Something which is happening around now but not necessarily at the moment of speaking. We're learning to play the flute this term. Isn't she learning to play the flute this term? A changing situation. Computers are getting faster and faster. Something which happens often and annoys us. I like my job but they are always asking me to stay late and that annoys me.
Ситуации, в которых мы используем present continuous: Действие, которое происходит в момент речи. Я читаю книгу прямо сейчас. Действие, происходящее где то рядом, но не в момент разговора. Мы учимся играть на флейте в этом семестре Меняющаяся ситуация Компьютеры все дешевеют и дешевеют. Действие, которое происходит очень часто, и начинает надоедать. Я люблю свою работу, но они вечно просят меня задержаться, и это надоедает мне.
Verbs not normally used in the continuous forms Some verbs are not normally used in the continuous. These verbs are often connected with our thoughts and feelings. We use them to talk about things which stay the same for a long time: Like; dislike; hate; prefer; want; believe; know; belong to; need; seem. Smell; hear; taste; sound; see. Does this cheese smell bad for you? not smelling I like music. not liking
Sometimes these verbs have two meanings and we can use the continuous forms. Fell; see; think. My teacher feels I should have more speaking practice. Poor Sam. He is felling awful. What do you think of our new course book? You look worried. What are you thinking about? I see what you mean. I’m seeing a friend of mine. Verbs not normally used in the continuous forms
The present simple. Subject + Verb(s) +…. I He She We get up sets works live five minutes later. the alarm for 7.30. in a museum. in Samara.
We use the present simple to talk about: a regular routine or habit. I do a project every term. They don't do a project every term. Does Ann do a project every term? facts which stay the same for a long time. We live and work in London. He doesn't live and work in London. Do you live and work in London? something that is always true. A red traffic light means “Stop!”.
Ситуации, в которых мы используем present simple. Действие, ставшее режимом или привычкой Я делаю проект каждый семестр. Что-то, что длится долгое время. Мы живем и работаем в Лондоне. Всегда является правдой. Красный свет светофора обозначает «Стоп!»
The present perfect. Subject + have/has + Verb 3 (-ed) +…. I You He She It We They have have has has has have have seen done worked read been visited spent that film. a lot today. very hard. that book. a good day. a museum. a lot of money.
We use the present perfect to talk about: Something which has or hasn’t happened before. I’ve never been to London. He hasn’t been to London. Have you been to London Something which is still going on or is still true now. Sam has lived in this house all his life. Something which happened in the past but still has an effect in the present. I have broken my leg. Has she broken her leg?