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Tea Traditions Составила: Любавина Н.А. учитель английского языка
Цели и задачи мероприятия: • Учебно-познавательная цель – Расширение кругозора учащихся через знакомство с историей происхождения чая и особенностями употребления чая в Англии и России и чайным этикетом. Совершенствование навыков аудирования, развитие умения читать с целью извлечения детальной информации, развитие умения понимать культурологический аспект текстов, развитие умения переводить и пользоваться словарем, совершенствование лексических навыков говорения. • ^ Развивающая цель – развитие творческих способностей учащихся, развитие способностей к распределению и переключению внимания, к непроизвольному запоминанию при восприятии на слух, развитие способностей подбора выражений, адекватных ситуации. • ^ Воспитательная цель – формирование потребности и способности к сотрудничеству и взаимопомощи при работе в группе, воспитание уважительного отношения к образу жизни других народов, более глубокого осознания своей культуры. 1. Создание условий для развития логического мышления учащихся, умения анализировать, высказывать свои мысли, аргументировать. 2. Способствовать укреплению знаний о традициях и обычаях стран изучаемого языка.
Чайный куст или Камелия китайская
Some Facts from the history of tea… The History of Tea - The Beginning. The legend of tea begins with Shen Nung, an early Chinese emperor who ruled over 5,000 years ago. He was a skilled scientist and patron of the arts, and very conscious of his health. While he was boiling water one day, (he boiled water as a hygienic precaution) a gust of wind came by and blew some leaves from a nearby bush into his pot of water. Being that he was a scientist, he observed that the water turned a brownish color and that it must have meant something chemical happened to the water. He decided to try it and after finding it very satisfying, tea officially became a beverage. The history of tea was literally started by accident.
Japanese Tea Ceremony Japan was first introduced to tea when the Buddhist priest Yeisei observed the incredible benefits of tea for religious meditation. Once tea was introduced in Japan, it spread like wildfire through the royal court, monasteries, and other sections of Japanese society. Yeisei became known as the "Father of Tea" in Japan. Tea became so popular in the Japanese culture that it became an art form, which led to the creation of the Japanese Tea Ceremony. Lafcadio Hearn, an Irish-Greek journalist-historian was one of the very few foreigners to be granted Japanese citizenship during this era. He wrote that the Japanese Tea Ceremony requires years of experience and practice to graduate, and yet the whole idea consists of being able to make and pour a cup of tea in the most perfect, polite, graceful, and most charming manner possible. Things weren't always so glamorous for tea in China however. The more popular this ceremony became, the more the idea of this original zen concept was lost. After time, the tea ceremony became corrupted with wealthy families having "tea tournaments" in which they would compete against each other for prizes for having named the correct type of tea blend. Things only started to turn for the better when three Zen priests restored the original idea of tea to the Japanese culture. Their names were Ikkyu, Murata Shuko, and Sen-no Rikkyu. After decades of fighting to restore the tradition, they finally succeeded and the Japanese Tea Ceremony was restored to it's original idea.
England's History of Tea The first batches of tea didn't reach England until about 1652-1654, due to the fact that they weren't trading in the Chinese or East Indian trading routes until then. When it hit England however, it spread rapidly and replaced ale as the national drink of England. As early as 1600, Elizabeth I founded the John Company in order to promote Asian trade. Now that tea was introduced to England, they finally had a leg to stand on. The John Company became the most powerful monopoly to ever exist in the world, and it's ultimate power was based on the importation of tea. Afternoon Tea is Born As tea importation rose radically throughout England, from 40,000 pounds in 1699 to 240,000 pounds in 1708, it was beginning to get through to all levels of society. During this time, Anna, the Duchess of Bedford, began to invite friends over for an afternoon meal in the Belvoir Castle. The meal consisted of small cakes, bread and butter sandwiches, sweets, and tea. This common practice was soon widely accepted and practiced throughout the country. The tea would be heated up and made in the kitchen, and brought out to the hosts and their guests to be drank. The purpose of these meetings was to relax and have good conversations. Tea Affects More Parts of the Culture As tea became more popular, it began to diffuse into different parts of European culture. They began to have different types of tea with different meals in the day, coffee shops began selling tea as well as coffee, and the wealthy began to create "tea gardens" in their yards for decoration and to enjoy their own tea
History of Tea in Russia Russia began their interest in tea as early as 1618, but since the cost was so high to get it imported, only the wealthy could attain it. They had to make a trip which was 11,000 miles long and took over sixteen months to complete, so getting tea wasn't the easiest task in the world. However, by the time 1796 came around and Catherine the Great died, importing tea was starting to become easier, prices dropped, and it became available to the middle class. The Russians tend to favor tea which is very strong and highly sweetened with sugar, honey, or jam. Tea remains a powerful influence in Russian society today, and along with Vodka, is still the the national drink of Russia.
Four popular kinds of tea - There are four kinds of tea which are popular all over the world. They are green tea, red tea, yellow tea and black tea. They can be in large and small leaves and in granules. But Englishman most of all prefer black and green tea. In cold weather they like to drink tea with milk. Besides, milk helps to determine the quality of tea. How do it? We take two cups of tea and add some milk. If the colour is red or orange it’s a good tea. But if the colour is grey its bad tea. В мире популярны четыре вида чая. Это зеленый, красный, желтый и черный чай. Чай может быть крупнолистовым, измельченными или гранулированным. Из всех видов чая англичане предпочитают черный или зеленый чай. В холодную погоду они любят пить чай с молоком. Кроме всего, молоко помогает определить качество чая. Каким образом? Возьмем две чашки чая и добавим туда немного молока. Если цвет станет красным или оранжевым, это хороший чай. Но если цвет станет серым, этот чай плохой.
Tatar tea To boil water and milk in different saucepans. In boiling water to thrash tea and at once to infuse into boiling milk. To cook tea on a middle fire, stir up slowly, 5-6 minutes. To salt tea to liking, to pour out on drinking bowls, put in each the piece of butter and to serve up. On a 1 glass: a 5-6 g of tea, 100 g of water, 100 g of milk, 15-20 g of butter, salt and pepper to liking.
English Tea party
Find Russian, English, Tatar and Japanese Tea. Explain your choice.
Different traditions of tea parties…
Millions of people in factories and offices look forward to their tea breaks in the morning and afternoon. They are called «11es» and «5 o’clock tea». And what do the English think of tea themselves? Let’s read and translate some posters to see what the English think of tea. Давайте прочитаем и переведем несколько постеров, чтобы понять, что англичане думают о чае. • The English know how to make tea and what it does for you. • Seven cups of it make you up in the morning; nine cups will put you to sleep at night. • If you are hot, tea will cool you off, and if you are cold, it will warm you up. • If you take it in the middle of the morning, it will stimulate you for further work; if you drink it in the afternoon, it will relax you for further thought. Тогда, конечно, Then, of course, you should drink lots of it in off hours. • The test of good tea is simple. If a spoon stands up in it, then it is strong enough; if the spoon starts to wobble, it is a feeble makeshift.
Пословицы и поговорки о Чае • Береги в доме добро, в чае - тепло. Русская пословица • В хорошей посуде и чай вкуснее. Русская пословица • Выпей чайку - забудешь тоску. Русская пословица • Выпьешь чай - прибавятся силы. Китайская пословица • Каждая выпитая чашка чая разоряет аптекаря. Китайская пословица • Коль чаем угощают, значит уважают. Русская пословица • Не спеши пить чай – язык обожжёшь. Турецкая пословица • От чаю пьян не будешь. Русская пословица • Пей чай, не вдавайся в печаль. Русская пословица • Первый глоток чая – увлажняет губы, второй – заставляет забыть одиночество, третий – исследует внутренность, четвёртый – отодвигает горе, после пятого – готов поспорить с батыром. Казахская пословица Приходите к чаю - пирогами угощаю. Русская пословица • С самоваром-буяном чай важнее и беседа веселее. Русская пословица • С чая лиха не бывает! Русская пословица • Самовар кипит - уходить не велит. Русская пословица • Свежий чай - это лекарство, старый чай – яд. • Чай крепче, если он с добрым другом разделён. Русская пословица