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Traditions and Customs in Great Britain
Saint Valentine’s Day February 14 Was started in the time of Roman Empire. Is dedicated to St. Valentine. People send a card to someone they love, like, fancy or admire.
The Boat Race In March A rowing race between the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. On the river Thames in London (7,2 km).
Easter In April. The celebration of the Resurrection of Christ Schools are closed for two weeks. People give each other chocolate eggs that are wrapped in silver paper.
Trooping The Colour The second Saturday in June. Celebrates the Queen’s official birthday. Lots of marching, military music and the soldiers are dressed in colourful uniforms.
Halloween October 31 A pagan festival celebrates the return of the souls that visit their former houses. People dress up as witches, ghosts etc. Houses are decorated with pumpkins.
Christmas Day December 25 Religious ceremony commemorating the birth of Christ. Children wake up early to find presents in their stockings. Traditional Christmas tree and dinner.
Boxing Day December 26 It is usually spent in front of the TV, recovering from Christmas Day. Servants go from house to house with collecting boxes.
New Year’s Eve December 31 Traditionally Scottish celebration. At midnight everybody joins hands and sings Auld Lang Syne.
Choose the correct variant. 1. 1.When do we celebrate St. Valentine’s Day? a) on October, 31 b) on December, 26 c) on February, 14 2. The most popular emblem of Easter is… a) pudding b) egg or rabbit c) flowers 3. What do people celebrate on Easter? a) the birth of Jesus Christ b) the death of Christ and his return to life. c) the coming of spring TEST 1
4. What are Christmas carols? a) poems b) fairy-tales c)religious songs 5. What holiday do people celebrate after Christmas? a) New Year b) Boxing Day c) Halloween 6. What do the Royal Guards wear? a) bearskin cap b) kilt c)coat TEST 1
7. Where does the ceremony of changing of the guard take place? a) in Piccadilly Circus b) at Buckingham Palace c) in Parliament 9. When do the British celebrate Darby Day? a) in October b) in August c) in May or June 10. What event is especially popular with upper-class people? a) the Royal Ascot b) The Boat Race c) the Derby 8. What is associated with the August Bank Holiday? a) gardening b) the Henley regatta c) the boat Race TEST 1
HOLIDAYS IN PICTURES
Fill in the blanks with the correct words from the list: Preserved, hollow, festivals, Christmas Eve, the anniversary, musicians, hand-made, sending, international, the foundation, dress up, widespread. 1.At first a Valentine card was……with little paintings of hearts and flowers. 2.Easter rabbits are either ……..or have a filling, and are usually covered with brightly colored silver paper. 3.Before going to bed on …………..the children hang stocking’s at the back of their beds. 4.For many people gardening is ………….of friendly relations with neighbours. 5 .Many traditional ceremonies have been ……..since old times and are still regularly observed. 6.Every year ………….of the birth of William Shakespeare is celebrated in Stratford-upon-Avon. 7.The tradition of …….Valentine cards is ………..all over the сountry. 8.During Halloween people usually …….as witches, ghosts and so on. 9.The Edinburgh Festival is quite ………in its character because leading …….of the world always take part in it. 10.Annual ………….of music and drama are very popular in Britain. TEST 2
Crufts Dog Show In March The last day before Lent.
Good Friday June 24 Summer solstice.
Harvest Festivals The last weekend in August.
Wimbledon One of the biggest marathons in the world.
Chelsea Flower Show May 1
QUESTIONS What are Easter eggs? 2. What does a typical Christmas dinner consist of? 3. What part does the gardening play in the life of British people? 4. When is the Edinburgh International Festival held? Who takes part in the Festival? 5.What is the Henley Regatta?