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It’s a revision lesson, during which you’ll tell some new information about outstanding people, their great contribution to different aspects of the life. We’ll try to fulfill different tasks concerning reading, speaking, doing lexical and grammar exercises. I would like you to be active at the lesson. If you are ready for the lesson, let’s start.
Peter I, or Peter the Great was one of the most outstanding rulers and dormers in Russian history. Не was Tsar of Russia and became Emperor Ii 1721. First he ruled together with his brother, Ivan, and his sister, :ofya. In 1696 he became a sole ruler. He was a healthy, lively and clever child. He loved military games :and enjoyed carpentry, blacksmithing and printing. At the age of 17 he was married. Peter I is famous for drawing Russia further to the East. He also transferred the capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg. Peter travelled much in Western Europe and tried to carry western customs and habits to Russia. He introduced western technology. He completely changed the Russian government and military system: he increased the power of the monarch and reduced the power of the boyars and the church. In foreign policy, Peter I waged a war with Turkey (1695-1696) and the Great Northern War with Sweden (1700-1721), and a war with Persia (1700-1721). In these wars, he wanted to get access to the Baltic, the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. He managed to get the shores of the Baltic Sea and the Caspian Sea. Peter I played a great part in Russian history. After his death, Russia was much more secure and progressive than it had been before his reign.
one of the most outstanding rulers and reformers - один из наиболее выдающихся правителей и реформаторов Tsar of Russia - российский царь to become Emperor - стать императором to rule - править to become a sole ruler - стать единоличным прaнитeлeм military games - военные игpы to enjoy carpentry, blacksmithing and printing - удовольствием заниматься nлoтницким, кузнецкими и печатным делом to be famous for smth - быть известным чем-либо to draw Russia further to the East - расширить гpаницы РОССИИ дальше Ha Восток to transfer the capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg перенести столицу Из Москвы в Петербург to carry western customs and habits to Russia - принести В РОССИЮ западньie o6ычаи и нравы to introduce western technology – ввести западную технику to change the Russian government and military system - изменить российскую систему управления и армию to increase the power of the monarch - усилить власть монарха to reduce the power of the boyars and the church - ослабить власть бояр и церкви to wage a war with - вести войну против какой-либо страны to get access to - получить доступ K (чему-либо) to get the shores of – отвоевать побережье (какой-либо страны, контенента) to be much more secure and progressive – быть значительно более защищенным и прогрессивным one’s rein - чье-либо правление Topical vocabulary
Isaac Ilyich Levitan, the great Russian artist, was one of the first painters of the Russian scenery to reveal its beauty. He is a real poet of the Russian countryside. Levitan developed the traditions of painters of the Russian realistic landscape school Savrasov, Polenov, Serov and others. He found poetry in what would seem daily life. Levitan is a very special sort of painter. There is something in his landscapes that reflects our own moods. He deeply felt what he wanted to depict, and his brush transferred his feelings to the canvas. A master of landscape, he never introduced figures into it. Though if you look at «The Autumn Day in Sokolniki», everything seems to bring out the loneliness of the figure in the centre: the trees losing their leaves, the remote, indifferent sky, the path going off into the distance. Bout the fact is that it was not Levitan who painted the figure. It was Checkov's brother Nikolai who did it. Levitan's art was greatly influenced by his travels along the Volga. He chose Plyoss, a small provincial town on the Volga, for his place of residence and for a subject of many of his canvases. His paintings like «Evening», «Golden Plyoss», «After the Rain» depict the scenery of the place. They are full of subtle feeling and tenderness, but there is no sentimentality in them; Levitan's pictures are truly realistic. In the closing years of his life Levitan made several journeys abroad He travelled to France, Italy and Germany where he painted many of his landscapes. Levitan was only 49 when he died in 1900. Levitan's influence over lyrical landscape painters can't be overestimated. His deep feeling for nature, love for his native land, his ability to reveal the poetry of the Russian countryside have won the love and gratitude of people.
an artist - художник a painter of the Russian scenery - художник, изображающий poccийский пейзаж to reveal beauty - отразить красоту a poet of the Russian countryside - поэт российской деревни to develop the traditions of smth. - развить традиции чего-либо the realistic landscape school - школа реалистического пейзажа to reflect one's own moods - передавать чьи-либо настроения to depict - отразить, передавать one's brush - чья-либо кисть, стиль to transfer one's feelings to the canvas - перенести чьи-либо чувства Ha ХОЛСТ a master of landscape - мастер пейзажа to bring out the loneliness - подчеркивать одиночество to be greatly influenced by smbd or smth.. - испытать сильное влияние Koгo-либо, чего-либо a subject of a canvas - предмет изображения нa картине to depict the scenery - изображать пейзаж to be full of subtle feeling and tenderness - быть полным нeжнocти truly realistic - действительно реалистический influence over smbd. - влияние нa кого-либо to overestimate smth. - переоценить что-либо
The Little Tramp There were two cinemas in the town. In one there was a film which had cost millions of dollars. The actors were handsome, the actresses beautiful. The films had won a prize for its use of colour. The songs were sung by some of the best known artists in the world. The cinema was nearly empty. A few streets away in the other cinema there was a very different film. It was over fifty years old. It was black and white and there was no sound***. The hero of the film was a tramp, whose hat and coat were too small. His trousers and shoes were too big. He was a little man with a funny walk. In his hand he carried я walking stick. The cinema was full. There were roars of laughter each time the little tramp escaped from a difficult situation. And when things went badly many cried. I'm sure you have already recognized the little tramp -Charlie Chaplin. Hem has been making us laugh ever since his first film in 1914. The tramp is kind, always ready to help, dreaming of the girl that he secretly loves. All the time he has to struggle against those who are stronger and nastier —against a society which does not accept him. But nothing and nobody can keep him down — he always wins in the end.
Walt Disney is known as a famous cartoonist and a creator of studios and entertainment theme park. He made many wonderful, enjoyable movies like: Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Pinocchio, Iambi and many more. He also created Mickey Mouse. Walt Disney was a brilliant man and he will always be remembered for the enjoyment he gave so many people. He was born on 5 December, 1901 in Chicago, Illinois. He worked hard throughout his schooling. Walt developed his talent when he attended the Academy of Fine Arts at night. At the same time he took a job as a paperboy to support himself. In 1928 he signed a contract to make cartoons. With his older brother, Roy, Walt moved to Los Angeles to set up a cartoon studio. The year 1928 was a big year for them: the Disney cartoon characters Mickey and Minnie Mouse first appeared in a film called Steamboat Billie and Mickey, Minnie and Walt Disney became famous. He achieved so much in his lifetime. He made more than fifty full-length movies and won 48 Academy Awards. The first Academy Award came in 1932 for Flowers and Trees in the best cartoon category. In 1955 when Walt was 54, he opened the Disneyland theme park...and he did not stop there. Before his death in 1966, he bought the land for Disney World in Florida. He was very hard-working, talented and motivated. He felt that all the people who worked for him were part of his family, the Disney family. He was also very generous to the young and the old in the entertainment world.
Now the name of Yuri Gagarin is known to everyone — both children and grownups. His flight into space started a new chapter in the history of our planet — the age of man's mastering of the Universe. То speak about Gagarin is both easy and difficult. Не was just a friendly man like any other, always with a smile on his face, but at the same time he was extremely courageous and active, he possessed great will-power, many different abilities and gifts. April the 12th went down in history as the beginning of a new area, the area of space exploration. 108 minutes in space shocked the world. Yuri Gagarin was about to crown the efforts of all mankind in its struggle with Nature, to complete the enormous work of the scientists, engineers and workers who had built the spaceship and realized man's age-old dream of overcoming earth gravity...
Прочитайте отрывок из биографии композитора Людвига ван Бетховена и выполните задания А8 – А14, обводя цифру 1,2,3 или 4, соответствующую ответу, который вам кажется наиболее верным. Ludwig van Beethoven is one of the most important figures in the history of music. He had the greatest influence on the last 150 years of music, as no other composer in history wrote such powerful and expressive music, and especially not against such great odds. Born in Bonn in 1770, Beethoven was extremely talented. His father was a great lover of music, and had dreams of making his son the next Mozart. Although Beethoven was no child prodigy, he did learn to play the piano, violin and organ at a young age. By the tine he reached fourteen, he was a proficient organ player and was employed to play professionally. Sadly, Beethoven's mother died suddenly when he was seventeen. Following this tragedy, his home life declined, and he left home in 1790 to travel to Vienna. Here, he studied composition with Haydn, but after some time he began to find Haydn's teaching methods frustrating and he moved on to study with other composers. Beethoven did not perform in public until he was twenty-five, but from his first performance, he became extremely popular with both the common people and the aristocracy of Vienna. He was lucky enough to become well-known at a time when the middle class were becoming more powerful, so he did not have to rely on the wealthy to offer him work. He was given many opportunities to perform publicly and this, as well as well-paid publishing deals, enabled him to live quite comfortably Beethoven is regarded by most musicians and composers to be the greatest symphonist that ever lived. He wrote compositions for orchestra which was revolutionary for his time. Although he followed classical musical forms, he wrote such powerful and beautiful melodies that no listener could fail to be amazed. He was the only composer whose music combined a force and elevation which has become legend. Unlike Mozart, Beethoven did not write complete pieces of music in his head, but worked hard on each composition, filling dozens of books with his effort to create perfect music. In the early nineteenth century, just as his career was reaching its peak, Beethoven realised that he was beginning to grow deaf. This problem quickly became worse, and he became deeply depressed. He was able to perform and conduct his music less and less, and after a while, he was forced to communicate with his friends and colleagues by using a notebook. The music he wrote at this time terrified those who heard it. By 1820, Beethoven was completely deaf and he isolated himself from society. He died in 1827, full of rage at the fact that his ability to enjoy his own music had been taken away from him. Beethoven was a wonderful composer who expressed human feelings through music in a way no one else has ever done. Today, his deep, inspiring and yet tragic music is still enjoyed by millions of people all over the world.
Walt Disney's name is known around the world, but even better known are the characters which he created — Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, Goofy, and countless other cartoon personalities. Disney was an American cartoon A22__________ and producer of animated films. Born in Chicago, he left school at the age of 16, but later studied A23__________at art schools in Chicago and in Kansas City. In 1923 he began to produce animated motion pictures in Hollywood in partnership with his brother Roy O. Disney with a capital base of $280. While Walt and his staff of artists were A24 for creating the animated cartoons, Roy was engaged in the management side. This division of authority worked remarkably well. From 1926 to 1928 Disney produced a cartoon series, Oswald the Rabbit, for Universal Pictures. Steamboat Willie, produced by Disney's own company, had synchronized sound for the first time in an animated cartoon. The cartoon starred Disney's most popular cartoon character, Mickey Mouse. Disney himself defined the kind of personality which Mickey would have and for 20 years A25__________ the falsetto voice which Mickey had. Disney originated the feature-length cartoon with Snowy White and the Seven Dwarf and followed it with other feature-length films, such as Pinocchio, Fantasia, and Iambi. In the 1950s and 1960s Walt Disney Productions, Ltd., was one of the major producers of films for theaters and television. The company was A26_______________ in the publications of children's books and comic strips, most of them featuring such characters as Donald Duck and Pluto, the dog. In 1955 Walt Disney Productions, Ltd., opened a huge amusement park called Disneyland in California. Heaving historical reconstructions, displays, and rides, it became famous tourist A27________ . Meanwhile, in addition to cartoons, the company made several documentary films, including Them Living Desert and Secrets of Life. Beginnings in 1950 the company made such live-action flms as Treasured Island, Robin Hood, and Marry Poppins. During his career as a film-maker Disney received 26 Academy A28___________. A22 1)actor 2)artist 3)entertainer 4)worker A23 1)shortly 2)little 3)a few 4)briefly A24 1)busy 2)accountable 3)responsible 4)working A25 1)provided 2)realized 3)said 4)told A26 1)aimed 2)busy 3)involved 4)included A27 1)place 2)attraction 3)guide 4)agency A28 1)awards 2)rewards 3)medals 4)recognitions Walt Disney
0 The Disneyland is the original theme park, 1 "The happiest Place on Earth" with over 60 2 attractions and being home to Disney Characters. 3 It's a place where magic fills the air: 4 the parades, the rides, the many of dining experiences 5 and one-of-a-kind shops which filled with rare Disney 6 treasures. The Disneyland Park is an experience not to 7 be missed. Disneyland is located right in the middle 8 of Southern California, but 40 miles from LA airport, 9 and about a 2 hour drive from San Diego. It is a worth 10 visiting if you have only one day in Southern California. 11 In Disneyland one can visit 7 different various lands 12 based on more favorite Disney themes of yesterday, 13 tomorrow and fantasy. If you are tired of attractions, can 14 relax on sandy beaches, swim with sharks or try 15 ride the giant surf wave. Children will not never 16 forget time spent in the world of holidays united 17 in the resort. Come and enjoy!
Word Formation We can form adjectives from nouns by adding the following suffixes. ous e.g. fame - famous ive e.g. aggression - aggressive fu l e.g. beauty - beautiful y e.g. boss - bossy ly e.g. friend – friendly Julia Roberts is a 1)………………… FAME actress. She has starred in many 2) …………….films and her latest film, SUCCESS Notting Bill, is no exception. She plays a 3) ………………..film star who becomes GLAMOUR romantically involved with an ordinary bookshop owner, played by Hugh Grant She is trying to take a 4)………………. PEACE break from her 5)……………………fans NUMBER and ends up staying in Grant's flat along with his 6)…………………flatmate. The MESS script is very 7)……………………… and FUN the film has become very popular. It is a 8)…………………..film not to be missed WONDER
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