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FAMILY Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov was born on 15 October 1814 in Moscow. He spent his childhood in the village of Tarkhany which was located in Penza Oblast. As the saying goes in the 17th century one of the Scottish Earls of Learmont settled in Russia and Mikhail was his descendant. Scientists also made a supposition that famous Scottish poet Thomas Learmonth was his relative. According to established fact Mikhail Lermontov was a descendant of Yuri (George) Learmont who was a Scottish officer. In the 17th century he moved to Russia. Mikhail’s father, Yuri, was a serviceman. His mother Maria Arsenyeva died when Mikhail was a child. Lermontov’s grandmother, Yelizaveta Alekseyevna, brought him up after Maria’s death. At the age of ten Mikhail had problems with health and they moved to the Caucasus. The fertile climate of this region was good for Mikhail. From that time he loved the Caucasus.
SCHOOL YEARS Lermontov spent his childhood in the intellectual atmosphere and he became interested in English literature. He studied Byron’s poetry. When Mikhail was a child he was taught by a Frenchman named Gendrot. But Yelizaveta Alekseyevna decided that additional education was necessary for her grandson and took him to Moscow where the young poet entered the gymnasium. While there Lermontov developed a passion for the poetry of Zhukovsky and Pushkin. After a while he met Katerina Khvostovaya whom he loved. Lermontov inscribed some poems to her. At the same time the young poet developed a talent for sarcastic humor. Moreover he could draw caricatures and pin somebody down with an epigram or nickname
UNIVERSITY In 1830 after studying at gymnasium Mikhail entered Moscow University. That year his father died and this event made a lasting impression on him. Lermontov’s sorrow was apparent in his poems "Forgive me, Will we Meet Again?" and "The Terrible Fate of Father and Son". Lermontov was not a student for a long time. In 1832 because of misunderstanding with professor Malov he left the university. After studying for two years at university Lermontov decided to change his career choice. Between 1830 and 1834 Lermontov attended the cadet school. In those years he started writing poetry. He became interested in Russian history and medieval epics and it was apparent in some his poems including the Song of the Merchant Kalashnikov and Borodino. In 1837 Pushkin died. His death produced a strong impression on Lermontov. Consequently he wrote a poem “Death of the Poet” which displeased the Tsar. Lermontov was immediately exiled to the Caucasus. But this region was native for him because he spent there his childhood. In 1838 and 1839 Lermontov was in Saint Petersburg. Mikhail loved Barbara Lopukhina and he described his love in the novel Princess Ligovskaya which he didn’t complete. In 1840 the son of French ambassador challenged Lermontov to a duel. As a result Mikhail returned to the army. He joined hand-to-hand combat at the Battle of the Valerik River. This event was a basis for his poem Valerik. By 1839 Lermontov wrote one of his famous novels, A Hero of Our Time. Mikhail Lermontov became a great poet of Russian literature. He is also called “the poet of the Caucasus”..
PRIVATE LIFE Mikhail Lermontov was a romantic. Lermontov fell in love for the first time in 1825, while at the Caucasus, a girl of nine, being the object of his desires. At sixteen Lermontov f ell in love with Yekaterina Sushkova (1812–1868), a friend of his cousin Sasha Vereshchagina, whom he often visited in Srednikovo village. In 1830 Lermontov met Natalya Ivanova (1813–1875), daughter of a Moscow playwright Fyodor Ivanov and had an affair with her, but little is known about it or why has it come to an end. Natalya Ivanova in the 1840s. While in the University 16-year-old Lermontov passionately fell in love with another cousin of his, Varvara Lopukhina (also sixteen at the time). The passion was said to be reciprocal but, pressed by her family, Varvara went on to marry Nikolai Bakhmetyev a wealthy 37-years old aristocrat. Lermontov was astounded and heartbroken. In December 1834 Lermontov met his old sweetheart Yekaterina Sushkova at a ball in Saint Petersburg and decided to have a revenge: first he seduced, then, after a while dropped her, making the story public. By 1840 Lermontov has got sick of his own reputation of a womanizer and a cruel heartbreaker, hunting for victims at balls and parties and leaving them behind devastated. He was unlucky in love and believed he always would be: hate had ordained it.
WORKS In his lifetime, Mikhail Lermontov published only one slender collection of poems (1840). Three volumes, much mutilated by censorship, were published a year after his death in 1841. Yet his legacy – more than 30 large poems, and 600 minor ones, a novel and 5 dramas – was immense for an author whose literary career lasted just six years
DEATH In July 1841 because of Lermontov’s joke Nikolai Martynov challenged him to a duel. Martynov killed Lermontov with his first shot. Mikhail Lermontov was interred at Tarkhany. He was only twenty six years of age but had still shown himself to be a gifted poet, writer, and playwright who would go on inspire a number of other Russian artists.
ИНТЕРАКТИВНАЯ ПРЕЗЕНТАЦИЯ О ВЕЛИКОМ РУССКОМ ПИСАТЕЛЕ М.Ю.ЛЕРМОНТОВЕ. В РАБОТЕ ЕСТЬ МЕНЮ С ВОЗМОЖНОСТЬЮ ВЫБОРА НЕОБХОДИМОГО ДЛЯ ОЗНАКОМЛЕНИЯ РАЗДЕЛА. В ДАННОЙ РАЗРАБОТКЕ ПРЕДСТАВЛЕНА КРАТКАЯ БИОГРАФИЯ ЖИЗНИ И ТВОРЧЕСТВА ПИСАТЕЛЯ (СЕМЬЯ, ШКОЛЬНЫЕ ГОДЫ, УЧЕБА В УНИВЕРСИТЕТЕ, ЛИЧНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ ПИСАТЕЛЯ, РАБОТЫ И СМЕРТЬ),В ПРЕЗЕНТАЦИЮ ВКЛЮЧЕНЫ ФОТО. РАЗРАБОТКА ПРЕДНАЗНАЧЕНА ДЛЯ УЧАЩИХСЯ 8-11 КЛАССОВ. ВОЗМОЖНО ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ КАК В УРОЧНОЙ , ТАК И ВО ВНЕУРОЧНОЙ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ. ЦЕЛЬ РАЗРАБОТКИ, ПОВЫШЕНИЕ МОТИВАЦИИ К ИЗУЧЕНИЮ ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА ЧЕРЕЗ ЗНАКОМСТВО С РУССКОЙ КУЛЬТУРОЙ И ИСКУССТВОМ.
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