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Past Tenses Методическая разработка урока английского языка Form 10 УМК “Spotlight” Автор: Аристова Ольга Алексеевна Учитель иностранного языка МБОУ СОШ №51 г.Архангельск
The Past Simple Tense регистрирует: - события; единичные факты; последовательные действия, происшедшие: yesterday in 1995 last year two years ago the other day from……..till… First…, after…, then…
(+), (-), (?) Formation Subject Did Subject V2(ed) Subject didn’t V ? V
(+), (-), (?) Formation (+) V2(-ed)… . He worked. (?) Did V…? Did he work? What did V…? What did he do? Who V2…? Who worked? (-) didn’t V… . He didn’t work.
Ask for further information (?) Will trained… Olivia organized… Luke made… Zara grew… What…? When…? Where…? Why…? How…? Who…?
Express doubt (?) Refute the statements (-) They kept a crocodile as a pet at home. The Loch Ness Monster lived in a lake in Scotland. The mysterious UFO hovered in the sky not far from school from 9 till 10. Their boat crew made a trip around the world in several days. John Lodgie Baird from Scotland invented the radio. Russian cosmonauts landed on the moon in1969. Charlotte Bronte created “Jane Eyre” in 1947.
The Verb “to be” in the Past Simple Глагол с привилегией
The Past Continuous Tense (вчера в это время я…) Случаи употребления: описывает действие, которое происходило в определенный момент в прошлом для описания параллельных действий в прошлом(после союза while или as) для описания действия, которое протекало, когда произошло какое-либо другое действие,выраженное в Past Simple when Mary returned
(+), (-), (?) Formation Указатели времени: at 7 o’clock yesterday all day long yesterday from …to….yesterday. when Mum came I He She It We You They was/wasn’t were/ weren’t doing I He She It We You They Was Were doing?
Past Simple or Past Progressive? Last night I (have) a wonderful dream.(1) My friends and I (have) a lot of fun!(2) When we (arrive) in Honolulu(3) a man (wait) to take us to our hotel.(4) The hotel where we (stay) was by a beach with palm trees.(5) Drums(beat) and the people on the beach(sing) and(dance) to the music.(6,7,8,) The music (get) louder and louder(9) until I(can) hear a ringing in my ears. (10) It (be) my alarm-clock.
The Past Perfect Tense “предпрошедшее” Случаи употребления: описывает действия, которые завершились к определенному моменту в прошлом by 5 o’clock yesterday by that time yesterday by the time she came Выразить действие, которое произошло ранее другого действия в прошлом: The sailor told(2-ое действие) about the dangers he had passed(1-ое действие).
В придаточных предложениях после союза after After she had cried, she felt better. В главном предложении, когда придаточное начинается с союза before Before Mother came home, John had already made supper. when (in the meaning “before / after”) (+), (-), (?) Formation had Vз (-ed)… . hadn’t Vз(-ed)… . Had Vз(-ed)…..?
Betty’s surprise birthday party What had her friends done before Betty came home from school?
Past Simple or Past Perfect? After the doctor (examine) him, he (write) a prescription. By the end of the Christmas holidays almost all the class (catch) a virus. The patient (die) before the ambulance (reach) the hospital. We (light ) the candles because the lights (go off). As soon as the teams (come) out onto the field, the fans (shout).
Join the sentences using Past Simple or Past Perfect John studied French. He went to Paris.(before) The army commander studied the maps. He made the attacks.(after) The boy stopped taking medicines. He developed complications. (as soon as) Manchester United had an advantage. Sunderland scored the first goal.(before) Mary put on some weight. She gave up her morning jogging exercises.(after)
The Past Perfect Continuous прошедшее завершенное длительное время употребляется: для выражения длительного прошедшего действия He felt tired as he had been playing football. Указатели времени: …for two hours when he came… …since the time when…. - before… (+), (-) Formation had been Ving hadn’t been Ving
Use the Past Perfect Continuous It( rain)before he crashed his car. I (stay) at the hotel for a fortnight when I received her letter. The tourists( walk) along a forest road when they saw light in the distance. The children (sit) by the fire for an hour when the moon suddenly appeared. She(study) English for several years when she took the exam.
Choose the correct form She did everything the way they (advise). advised B. had advised C. were advising 2.We (wander) around the town when we bumped into Sally. were wandering B. had been wandering C. wandered 3.Bart was tired. He(dig) the plot since early in the morning. was digging B. had dug C. had been digging 4. I (walk)along the canal last night when a great idea occurred to me. A. was walking B. had been waiking C. had walked
5. … you (see) that action film last night? were /seeing B. Did C. had/seen 6. After she (unpack) the luggage, she called room service. A. unpacked B. had been unpacking C. had unpacked 7. While Ronald was swimming he (find) an injured turtle. found B. had found C. was founding 8. The guide (organize) everything well in advance, so our trip went smoothly. was organizing B. organized C. had organized 9. Val was writing an e-mail while Rebecca (design) a new dress model. A. was designing B. designed C. had been designing
Keys B A C A B C A C A