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George Gordon Byron was born on January 22, 1788, in London. His parents were impoverished aristocrats. In adolescence, he first studied at a private school, then was transferred to a classical gymnasium.
George's grandfather died in 1798. Young Byron inherited the title of Lord and ancestral estate. A year later the boy went to study at the school of Dr. Glenny. There he studied until 1801.
There is a version according to which Mikhail Lermontov, Russian poet and Lord George Byron are connected through one ancestor – poet Thomas Lermont, who lived in the thirteenth century and was nicknamed "Tom-rhyme". One branch of his ancestors in the 17th century moved to Russia and adopted Orthodoxy, becoming Lermontov, and the girl from the other branch, Margaret Lermont, married one of the Gordons, whose family were Byron.
About the personal life of the Lord told lot a lot of and gossip has caused his divorce with his wife soon after the wedding. Let lady Byron, soon after the birth of their daughter Ada left with the baby to her parents, refused to name the reasons for the divorce and took full responsibility for the separation, people did not stop gossiping about what event could destroy the marriage. Responsibility imposed on the husband, considering him dissolute and accusing in connection with the sister.
In may 1816 Byron was forced to leave his homeland-as it turned out, forever. It left an imprint on the tone of the cycle of poems "Jewish melodies" (1815), on the poem "prisoner of Chillon" (1816), and "Cain" (1821).
One of the reasons Lord Byron left England to never return was that public opinion was extremely negative about him. And even his brilliant works could not change that.
Byron was romantic and sensitive sometimes that is not the sense of the other person. That is why the events taking place in his life, influenced his work. His tragic moments filled him with the spirit of freedom and struggle. In such pearls of his poetry as "Imitation of Catullus", "album", "Finance", "Thierse", "Dare", "To the question about the beginning of love", "Imitation Portuguese", "Separation", “I saw three weep", "You cried," "Stanzas to Augusta", etc. he expressed the liberating ideals of the new time.
February 27, 1812 in the biography of Byron there was a kind of fracture. In the house of Lords, he gave his first speech, which was a huge success. On March 1, the poet created the first two songs of his new poem “child-Harold”.
Byron's work was peculiar even for its time. Some critics have called him a”gloomy egoist." In his poems he devoted a special place to himself. At the same time, the poet clearly saw that the romantic ideals do not match reality. For this reason, in his works often heard gloomy notes.
Despite this, no one could deny the chivalrous character and the poet's desire for justice.
At the end of his life, Lord Byron became a national hero of Greece, fighting for the independence of the country. He used his money to equip five hundred soldiers and built a ship. Also of great importance to the struggle was his ability to reconcile the contending party leaders.
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