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Инфоурок Английский язык ПрезентацииПрезентация по английскому языку на тему «The Crimea (Крым)»

Презентация по английскому языку на тему «The Crimea (Крым)»

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1The Crimea

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1 слайд 1The Crimea
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The Crimea

2 слайд 2Geography of Crimea
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Geography of Crimea

3 слайд 3The Crimean Peninsula is completely surrounded by two seas: the Black Sea an
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The Crimean Peninsula is completely surrounded by two seas: the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the east.
Crimean peninsula was called Tauridia.

4 слайд 4In the north Crimea is connected to the mainland by a narrow (8 km) Perecop
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In the north Crimea is connected to the mainland by a narrow (8 km) Perecop isthmus.

5 слайд 5The Crimea consists of two very different parts — treeless steppe of the Cri
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The Crimea consists of two very different parts — treeless steppe of the Crimean Lowland in the northern and central parts, and the Crimean Mountains in the south.

6 слайд 6Crimean mountains stretch from west to east for 180 km, their width-50-60 km.
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Crimean mountains stretch from west to east for 180 km, their width-50-60 km.

7 слайд 7Crimea mountains
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Crimea mountains

8 слайд 8Ayu-Dag (Medved-gora) is the peak in Crimea. The peak is located 16 km north
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Ayu-Dag (Medved-gora) is the peak in Crimea. The peak is located 16 km north-east from Yalta between the towns of Gurzuf and Partenit.

9 слайд 9Ai-Petri (translated from Greek as Saint Peter) is a peak in the Crimean Mou
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Ai-Petri (translated from Greek as Saint Peter) is a peak in the Crimean Mountains. The peak is located above the city of Alupka and the town of Koreiz.

10 слайд 10The climate there is subtropical. the Crimean Mountains stop cold winds fro
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The climate there is subtropical. the Crimean Mountains stop cold winds from the north. 

11 слайд 11The largest rivers – the  Alma, the Belbek and the Black. the River Almathe
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The largest rivers – the Alma, the Belbek and the Black.
the River Alma
the River Belbek

12 слайд 12According to the population of Crimea occupies the 26th place among subject
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According to the population of Crimea occupies the 26th place among subjects of the Russian Federation.
Russian – 60 % , Ukrainians – 25 %, Crimean Tatars -10%.
Bakhchysarai is the former capital of the Crimean Khanate.

13 слайд 13History of Crimea
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History of Crimea

14 слайд 14Greek colonization of the Peninsula began in the 6th century B.C.They buil
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Greek colonization of the Peninsula began in the 6th century B.C.
They built city-states: Panticapaeum, Feodosia, Kerkinitida, Hersonissos and Tiritaka.

15 слайд 15In the summer of 1475 the Ottoman Turks landed in Crimea. In 1478, the Crim
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In the summer of 1475 the Ottoman Turks landed in Crimea. In 1478, the Crimean khanate became a protectorate of the Ottoman Empire. Since the end of XV century the Crimean Khanate carried out regular raids on Russian state and Poland. The main purpose of the raids was to capture slaves and their resale to the Turkish markets.

16 слайд 16The Russo-Turkish wars were a series of wars fought between the Russian Emp
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The Russo-Turkish wars were a series of wars fought between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire between the 16th and 20th centuries. It was one of the longest series of conflicts in European history.
In total, 11 Russia-Turkish wars cover a period 241 year.

17 слайд 17The Black sea fleet of the Russia created after the joining of Crimea. The
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The Black sea fleet of the Russia created after the joining of Crimea.
The Russo-Turkish war of 1768-74 years marked the end of Ottoman domination in Crimea.

18 слайд 18During the Russian Civil War, Crimea was controlled by the White Army. Afte
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During the Russian Civil War, Crimea was controlled by the White Army. After they were defeated by the Red Army, Crimea became part of the Soviet Russia.
In the Second World War the peninsula was occupied by Nazi Germany for several years.
In 1954, it was transferred to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic within the Soviet Union. In 1991, it became part of independent Ukraine.

19 слайд 19March 18, 2014 Crimea (including the city of Sevastopol) joined to the Russ
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March 18, 2014 Crimea (including the city of Sevastopol) joined to the Russian Federation.

20 слайд 20Cities and tows
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Cities and tows

21 слайд 21Simferopol is the administrative center of the Republic of Crimea. The popu
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Simferopol is the administrative center of the Republic of Crimea. The population is about 360 000 people.

22 слайд 22Sevastopol (the Greek name - Hersonissos) - a city located in the south-wes
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Sevastopol (the Greek name - Hersonissos) - a city located in the south-west of the Crimean peninsula on the Black Sea coast. Laid by the decree of Russian Empress Catherine II in 1783.

23 слайд 23Sevastopol is the naval base of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation.
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Sevastopol is the naval base of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation.

24 слайд 24The largest international airport airport «Simferopol». Second internationa
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The largest international airport airport «Simferopol». Second international airport is Belbek.

25 слайд 25In 1954 Sevastopol was awarded the order of the Red Banner, in 1965 the cit
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In 1954 Sevastopol was awarded the order of the Red Banner, in 1965 the city was awarded the title hero City, and in 1983 was awarded the Order of October Revolution.

26 слайд 26Southern coast of Crimea is one of the most important and popular resort ar
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Southern coast of Crimea is one of the most important and popular resort areas in former USSR includes the cities-resorts Alupka, Yalta, Alushta, Sudak and the numerous settlements.

27 слайд 27Big Yalta includes Alupka, Gaspra, Gurzuf, Koreiz, Livadia, Massandra, Sime
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Big Yalta includes Alupka, Gaspra, Gurzuf, Koreiz, Livadia, Massandra, Simeiz, Foros.

28 слайд 28Evpatoria - one of the oldest cities in the South of Russia. Near Evpatoria
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Evpatoria - one of the oldest cities in the South of Russia. Near Evpatoria there are a number of salt lakes with mineralized water of different chemical composition.

29 слайд 29Sudak is well-known tourist resort and the centre of the wine industry.
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Sudak is well-known tourist resort and the centre of the wine industry.

30 слайд 30Artek
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Artek

31 слайд 31Artek - international children's center in Crimea. Located in Gurzuf. In t
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Artek - international children's center in Crimea. Located in Gurzuf. In the past, it was the most famous pioneer camp of the USSR.

32 слайд 32Artek
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Artek

33 слайд 33The guests of «Artek» in different years were Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Gagari
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The guests of «Artek» in different years were Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Gagarin, Indira Gandhi, Nikita Khrushchev, Palmiro Togliatti, Ho Chi Minh, Valentina Tereshkova, Lev Yashin.

34 слайд 34Places of interest
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Places of interest

35 слайд 35Livadia Palace was a summer residence of the last Russian tsar, Nicholas II
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Livadia Palace was a summer residence of the last Russian tsar, Nicholas II. The Yalta Conference was held there in 1945, when the palace housed  Franklin Delano Roosevelt and other members of the American delegation. Today the palace is a museum, but it is sometimes used for international summits.

36 слайд 36Yalta Conference in February 1945 with (from left to right) Winston Churchi
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Yalta Conference in February 1945 with (from left to right) Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin.

37 слайд 37Massandra Palace of Alexander III is located in Upper Massandra.
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Massandra Palace of Alexander III is located in Upper Massandra.

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40 слайд 40Vorontsov Palace is one of the jewels of the Crimea. The Palace was built
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Vorontsov Palace is one of the jewels of the Crimea.
The Palace was built as the Crimean residence of the Governor-General of the Novorossiysk territory of count Mikhail Vorontsov.

41 слайд 41The Swallow's Nest is a decorative castle located at Gaspra, a small town b
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The Swallow's Nest is a decorative castle located at Gaspra, a small town between Yalta and Alupka. It was built between 1911 and 1912 , on top of the 40-metre high Aurora Cliff by the Russian architect Leonid Sherwood for the Baltic German oil millionaire Baron von Steingel.

42 слайд 42In 1987 on the territory of the Swallow's nest Stanislav Govorukhin shoot
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In 1987 on the territory of the Swallow's nest Stanislav Govorukhin shoot the famous Soviet thriller film based on the novel by English writer Agatha Christie - «Ten black kids».

43 слайд 43Dacha of Gorbachev in Foros - in the USSR state dacha № 11, where Mikhail G
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Dacha of Gorbachev in Foros - in the USSR state dacha № 11, where Mikhail Gorbachev put under house arrest in 1991.

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45 слайд 45Nikitsky Botanical Garden is one of the oldest botanical garden. It was fou
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Nikitsky Botanical Garden is one of the oldest botanical garden. It was founded in 1812 and named after the settlement Nikita.

46 слайд 46
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47 слайд 47«Massandra» is one of the largest enterprises of high-quality wines. Collec
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«Massandra» is one of the largest enterprises of high-quality wines. Collection wines of Massandra (about one million bottles) is the largest in the world and is registered in 1998 in the Guinness Book of records.
In Massandra the first wine was made in 1898.

48 слайд 48
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49 слайд 49thank for your attention !
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thank for your attention !

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Презентация по английскому языку на тему «The Crimea (Крым)».В учебном проекте рассматривается географическое положение Крыма, природа и история. Большое внимание уделяется крупным и курортным городам полуострова. Слушатели познакомятся с многими достопримечательностями Крыма.
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