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Форма глагола в Present Perfect Tense. Exercises. Упражнение 1. Заполните таблицу, используя следующие формы глагола. Complete the table with the base forms and the past participles. Use the words in the box. Lose, taken, swim, bought, do, written, run, eaten, take, won, write, done, buy, lost, win, run, eat, swum base form past simple past participle _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ bought did ate lost ran swam took won wrote _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________
Упражнение 2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect. He _____ (finish) training. She _____ (score) twenty points in the match. We _____ (watch) all the Champions League matches this season. That's amazing! She _____ (run) fifteen kilometers this morning! She _____ (buy) some really nice rollerblades! Oh, no! I _____ (lose) my money! My mum _____ (write) shopping list. It's on the kitchen table. Dad, you _____ (eat) my biscuit! I’m tired. I _____ (watch) three X-Files videos. Hurry up! They _____ (start) the film! Mary _____ (study) hard this year, so she'll pass her exams. Oh no! She _____ (drop) the plate! The garden is very green. It _____ (rain) a lot this month. These are my favourite trousers. I _____ (have) them for five years. Tom's my best friend. I _____ (know) him for three years. They _____ (live) in Miami for two years. Jo has earache. He _____ (have) it since 7 o'clock. Brad _____ (live) in Chicago since 1998.
Упражнение 3. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect negative. I _____ (not clean) my football boots. They _____ (not start) their meal. I _____ (not do) my homework. He _____ (not win) all his matches this year. My brother and I _____ (not see) any films this week. It's my birthday party today. I _____ (not invite) many people. He _____ (not wash) his hands. They're very dirty. Mum's really angry. We _____ (not tidy) our room! I can't play with my friends this evening. I _____ (not finish) my homework. I _____ (not visit) New York for three years. Where's Alison? We _____ (not see) her since yesterday. Dad _____ (not take) a holiday since last August. John _____ (not play) the violin since he was school. For или since?
Упражнение 4. В письме есть 4 ошибки на использование for и since. Найдите и исправьте их. These are some sentences from Nigel’s letter home from Africa. He has made four mistakes in using ‘for’ and ‘since’. Correct his mistakes. Dear Mum and Dad, I've lived in Africa since two weeks and I love it! Africa is beautiful! I haven’t travelled to any faraway place for last summer. I’m so happy now! I’ve already seen Mr. Rambler. He is working for WWF here and taking photos of wild animals. I haven’t seen any lions yet. I think I’ll see them later. Thank you for the trip. I’ve dreamed of Kenya for my childhood. I haven’t seen you since ages! I miss you so much! Love, Nigel.
Упражнение 6. Пользуясь опорными словами, a также словами for и since составьте предложения в Present Perfect Simple. Kate/be/in bed/a long time. She / not eat / anything / this morning. She / not see / her friends / a week. She / stay / at home / Tuesday. She / have / a red nose / three days. She / not play / basketball / last weekend. She / not do / any school work / Monday.
Упражнение 2 1 has finished, 2 has scored, 3 have watched, 4 has run, 5 has bought, 6 have lost, 7 has written, 8 have eaten, 9 have watched, 10 have started, 11 has studied, 12 has dropped, 13 has rained, 14 have had, 15 have known, 16 have lived, 17 has had, 18 has lived. Упражнение 3 1 have not cleaned, 2 haven’t started, 3 have not done, 4 hasn’t won, 5 haven’t seen, 6 haven’t invited, 7 has not washed, 8 haven’t tidied, 9 haven’t finished, 10 have not visited, 11 haven’t seen, 12 hasn’t taken, 13 has not played. Упражнение 4. for two weeks since last summer since my childhood for ages Упражнение 5 1 since, 2 for, 3 for, 4 since, 5 since, 6 since Упражнение 6. Kate has been in bed for a long time. She hasn’t eaten anything since this morning. She hasn’t seen her friends for a week. She has stayed at home since Tuesday. She has had a red nose for three days. She has not played basketball since last week. She has not done any school work since Monday.
Past Simple or Present Perfect. Exercises. Упражнение 1. Complete the pairs of sentences. Use the Present Perfect in one sentence and the Past Simple in the other. I (know) _______ her for six years. I (know) _______ him when I was at school. He (live) _______ in Paris from 1997 to 2000. He (live) _______ in New York since 2001. Where's Pete? I (not see) _______ him for ages. I (not see) _______ Pete last night. We (be) _______ at primary school from 1993 to 1998. We (be) _______ in this class since September. I (not watch) _______ this video yet. I (not watch) _______ a video at the weekend.
Упражнение 2. Put the verbs in brackets in the Past Simple or in the Present Perfect. 1. I ________ (never/ be) to the USA. I ______ (want) to go there last summer but I couldn’t. 2. He _______ (live) in this street all his life. 3. His father ________ (come back) to London last Sunday. 4. Yan __________ (write) a letter to Nick two days ago. 5. He ________ (send) his letter yesterday. 6. They ________ (just/ buy) some postcards.
Упражнение 3. Put the verbs in brackets in the Past Simple or in the Present Perfect. 1. Maria (get) ______ some bad news last week. She (be) ______ sad since she (get) ______ the bad news. 2. I (start) ______ school when I was five years old. I (be) ______ at school since I (be) ______ five years old. 3. I (change) ______ my job three times this year. 4. I (change) ______ my job three times last year. 5. The weather was hot and dry for many weeks. But two days ago it (rain) ______. 6. Tom (break) ______ his leg five days ago. He’s in hospital. He (be) ______ in hospital since he (break) ______ his leg. 7. Are you going to finish your work before you go to bed? — I (finish) ______ it (already). I (finish) ______ my work two hours ago.
Exercise 1. 1 have known / knew, 2 lived / has lived, 3 haven’t seen / didn’t see, 4 were / have been, 5 haven’t watched / didn’t watch Exercise 3. 1 got / has been / got, 2 started, have been / was, 3 have changed, 4 changed, 5 rained, 6 broke / has been / broke, 7 have already finished / finished Exercise 2. 1 have never been / wanted, 2 has lived, 3 came back, 4 wrote, 5 sent, 6 have just bought Exercise 4. 1 lived -> have lived, 2 since -> for, 3 do you know -> have you known, 4 has seen -> saw, 5 We've finished our homework just. -> We've just finished our homework, 6 wrote -> written
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