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Презентация по английскому языку: American Traditions and Holidays

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American Traditions and Holidays
New Year – January 1 New Years Eve and New Years Day  New Years Day is the fi...
New Years Eve is a major social event.  Clubs everywhere are packed with part...
Martin Luther King Day 2nd Monday in January
I Have A Dream " I have a dream... I have a dream that one day little black b...
Martin Luther King Day Each year on the third Monday of January schools, fede...
Martin Luther King Day It is a time for the nation to remember the injustices...
February 1st In 1723, the Delaware Indians settled Punxsutawney, Pennsylvani...
Groundhog Day When German settlers arrived in the 1700s, they brought a tradi...
Groundhog Day The earliest American reference to Groundhog Day can be found a...
Valentines Day February 14
Valentine’s Day Every February, across the USA, candy, flowers, and gifts are...
Valentine’s Day The holiday of Valentine's Day probably derives its origins f...
Valentine’s Day One of the customs of the young people was name-drawing. On t...
Valentine’s Day Legend has it that the holiday became Valentine's Day after a...
Valentine’s Day Valentine was beheaded on February 14th, the eve of the Roman...
President’s Day Until the mid-1970s, the February 22 birthday of George Washi...
Arbor Day First Friday in April Arbor Day In Latin, arbor means "tree".  In t...
In the United States Mother's Day was first suggested in 1872 by Julia Ward H...
In 1907 Ana Jarvis, from Philadelphia, began a campaign to establish a nation...
Mother’s Day Ms. Jarvis and her supporters began to write to ministers, busin...
Mother’s Day In the United States Mother's Day was first suggested in 1872 by...
Mother’s Day In 1907 Ana Jarvis, from Philadelphia, began a campaign to estab...
Mother’s Day Ms. Jarvis and her supporters began to write to ministers, busin...
Memorial Day 4th Monday of May This holiday, on the fourth Monday of every Ma...
Memorial Day On Memorial Day, the President or Vice President of the United S...
Memorial Day In 1971, along with other holidays, President Richard Nixon decl...
Father’s Day 3rd Sunday of June Father's Day is a day of commemoration and ce...
Father’s Day The first Father's Day was observed on June 19, 1910 in Spokane...
Father’s Day Father's Day has become a day to not only honor your father, but...
Birthdays The tradition of birthday parties started in Europe a long time ago...
Birthdays Cake, candles and song. A cake is made, and candles are put on top...
Mardi Gras (Fat Tuesday) Tuesday Before Lent (Feb/March) The celebration of M...
Easter is a major Christian holiday that commemorates the resurrection of Jes...
Besides the religious aspects of Easter, people also celebrate spring or the...
Children receive Easter baskets filled with candy Easter eggs, chocolate bunn...
Independence Day July 4th Independence Day (fourth of July)  is celebrated ev...
Independence Day July 4th Parades, patriotic speeches, fireworks and pageants...
Labor Day Labor Day is a legal holiday celebrated on the first Monday in Sept...
Columbus Day On October 12, 1492, Italian navigator Christopher Columbus land...
The Story of Halloween Halloween is one of the with origins going back thousa...
The Story of Halloween Hundreds of years ago in what is now Great Britain and...
The Story of Halloween The Celts celebrated their on November 1st. It was cel...
The Story of Halloween On October 31st after the crops were all harvested and...
The Story of Halloween When the morning arrived the Druids would give an embe...
The Story of Halloween The November 1st festival was called Samhain (pronounc...
The Story of Halloween During the first century the Romans invaded Britain. T...
The Story of Halloween The next influence came with the spread of the new Chr...
The Story of Halloween But the spread of Christianity did not make people for...
The Story of Halloween The Halloween we celebrate today includes all of these...
The Story of Halloween The history of "Trick'O'Treating" can be traced back t...
The Story of Halloween Over time the custom changed and the town's children b...
The Story of Halloween During the Pioneer days of the American West, the hous...
The First Thanksgiving Squanto's importance to the Pilgrims was enormous and...
The First Thanksgiving The harvest in October was very successful and the Pil...
The First Thanksgiving The Pilgrims had much to celebrate, they had built hom...
The First Thanksgiving The Pilgrim Governor William Bradford proclaimed a day...
Thanksgiving Becomes A Custom The custom of an annually celebrated thanksgivi...
Thanksgiving Becomes Official In 1817 New York State had adopted Thanksgiving...
Thanksgiving Becomes a National Holiday In 1863 President Abraham Lincoln app...
Christmas Traditions Santa Claus was born in US in the 1860's he was named th...
CHRISTMAS THINGS Candy Canes:  These are really candy , one of St. Nicholas'...
CHRISTMAS THINGS Christmas stockings by the fireplace: And the stockings were...
CHRISTMAS THINGS Orange or tangerine in the toe of filled Christmas stockings...
CHRISTMAS THINGS Gift-giving in secret, during the night: Stockings are fille...
CHRISTMAS THINGS Seasonal concern for the needy: St. Nicholas gave gifts to t...
CHRISTMAS TREES The custom of the Christmas tree was introduced in the United...
Christmas Trees Charles Minnegrode introduced the custom of decorating trees...
A Christmas Song		 The first Noel the angels did say, Was to certain poor she...
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Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1 American Traditions and Holidays
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American Traditions and Holidays

№ слайда 2 New Year – January 1 New Years Eve and New Years Day  New Years Day is the fi
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New Year – January 1 New Years Eve and New Years Day  New Years Day is the first day of the year, January 1st.  It is a celebration of the old year and the new one to come.  People make New Years Resolutions each New Years and promise themselves that they will keep this resolution until next year. 

№ слайда 3 New Years Eve is a major social event.  Clubs everywhere are packed with part
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New Years Eve is a major social event.  Clubs everywhere are packed with party-goers who stay out all night and go nuts at midnight.  At midnight it is a tradition to make lots of noise.  The traditional New Years Ball is dropped every year in Times Square in New York City at 12 o’clock.  This event can be seen all over the world on television.  New Year

№ слайда 4 Martin Luther King Day 2nd Monday in January
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Martin Luther King Day 2nd Monday in January

№ слайда 5 I Have A Dream " I have a dream... I have a dream that one day little black b
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I Have A Dream " I have a dream... I have a dream that one day little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers . . . I have a dream today"

№ слайда 6 Martin Luther King Day Each year on the third Monday of January schools, fede
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Martin Luther King Day Each year on the third Monday of January schools, federal offices, post office and banks across America close as we celebrate the birth, the life and the dream of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

№ слайда 7 Martin Luther King Day It is a time for the nation to remember the injustices
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Martin Luther King Day It is a time for the nation to remember the injustices that Dr. King fought. A time to remember his fight for the freedom, equality, and dignity of all races and peoples. A time to remember the message of change through nonviolence.

№ слайда 8 February 1st In 1723, the Delaware Indians settled Punxsutawney, Pennsylvani
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February 1st In 1723, the Delaware Indians settled Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania as a campsite halfway between the Allegheny and the Susquehanna Rivers.  The town is 90 miles northeast of Pittsburgh, at the intersection of Route 36 and Route 119.  The Delaware Indians considered groundhogs honorable ancestors.  According to the original creation beliefs of the Delaware Indians, their forebears began life as animals in "Mother Earth" and emerged centuries later to hunt and live as men.

№ слайда 9 Groundhog Day When German settlers arrived in the 1700s, they brought a tradi
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Groundhog Day When German settlers arrived in the 1700s, they brought a tradition known as Candlemas Day, which has an early origin in the pagan celebration of Imbolc.  It came at the mid-point between the Winter Solstice and the Spring equinox.  Superstition held that if the weather was fair, the second half of Winter would be stormy and cold.  For the early Christians in Europe, it was the custom on Candlemas Day for clergy to bless candles and distribute them to the people in the dark of Winter.  A lighted candle was placed in each window of the home.  The day's weather continued to be important.  If the sun came out February 2, halfway between Winter and Spring, it meant six more weeks of wintry weather.

№ слайда 10 Groundhog Day The earliest American reference to Groundhog Day can be found a
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Groundhog Day The earliest American reference to Groundhog Day can be found at the Pennsylvania Dutch Folklore Center at Franklin and Marshall College: February 4, 1841 - from Morgantown, Berks County (Pennsylvania) storekeeper James Morris' diary..."Last Tuesday, the 2nd, was Candlemas day, the day on which, according to the Germans, the Groundhog peeps out of his winter quarters and if he sees his shadow he pops back for another six weeks nap, but if the day be cloudy he remains out, as the weather is to be moderate."

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№ слайда 12 Valentines Day February 14
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Valentines Day February 14

№ слайда 13 Valentine’s Day Every February, across the USA, candy, flowers, and gifts are
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Valentine’s Day Every February, across the USA, candy, flowers, and gifts are exchanged between loved ones, all in the name of St. Valentine.

№ слайда 14 Valentine’s Day The holiday of Valentine's Day probably derives its origins f
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Valentine’s Day The holiday of Valentine's Day probably derives its origins from the ancient Roman feast of Lupercalia. In the early days of Rome, fierce wolves roamed the woods nearby. The Romans called upon one of their gods, Lupercus, to keep the wolves away. A festival held in honor of Lupercus was celebrated February 15th. The festival was celebrated as a spring festival. Their calendar was different at that time, with February falling in early springtime.

№ слайда 15 Valentine’s Day One of the customs of the young people was name-drawing. On t
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Valentine’s Day One of the customs of the young people was name-drawing. On the eve of the festival of Lupercalia the names of Roman girls were written on slips of paper and placed into jars. Each young man drew a slip. The girl whose name was chosen was to be his sweetheart for the year

№ слайда 16 Valentine’s Day Legend has it that the holiday became Valentine's Day after a
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Valentine’s Day Legend has it that the holiday became Valentine's Day after a priest named Valentine. Valentine was a priest in Rome at the time Christianity was a new religion. The Emperor at that time, Claudius II, ordered the Roman soldiers NOT to marry or become engaged. Claudius believed that as married men, his soldiers would want to stay home with their families rather than fight his wars. Valentine defied the Emperor's decree and secretly married the young couples. He was eventually arrested, imprisoned, and put to death

№ слайда 17 Valentine’s Day Valentine was beheaded on February 14th, the eve of the Roman
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Valentine’s Day Valentine was beheaded on February 14th, the eve of the Roman holiday Lupercalia. After his death, Valentine was named a saint. As Rome became more Christian, the priests moved the spring holiday from the 15th of February to the 14th - Valentine's Day. Now the holiday honored Saint Valentine instead of Lupercus

№ слайда 18 President’s Day Until the mid-1970s, the February 22 birthday of George Washi
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President’s Day Until the mid-1970s, the February 22 birthday of George Washington, hero of the Revolutionary War and first president of the United States, was a national holiday. In addition, the February 12 birthday of Abraham Lincoln, the president during the Civil War, was a holiday in most states. The two days have been joined, and the holiday has been expanded to embrace all past presidents. It is celebrated on the third Monday in February.

№ слайда 19 Arbor Day First Friday in April Arbor Day In Latin, arbor means "tree".  In t
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Arbor Day First Friday in April Arbor Day In Latin, arbor means "tree".  In the Unites States Arbor Day is a tree-planting day to beautify your towns or to forest empty areas of land. Most public schools celebrate Arbor Day in order to teach about protecting our forests, but in some states it is a legal holiday. 

№ слайда 20 In the United States Mother's Day was first suggested in 1872 by Julia Ward H
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In the United States Mother's Day was first suggested in 1872 by Julia Ward Howe (who wrote the words to the Battle Hymn of the Republic) as a day dedicated to peace. Ms. Howe would hold organized Mother's Day meetings in Boston, Mass ever year. Mother’s Day

№ слайда 21 In 1907 Ana Jarvis, from Philadelphia, began a campaign to establish a nation
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In 1907 Ana Jarvis, from Philadelphia, began a campaign to establish a national Mother's Day. Ms. Jarvis persuaded her mother's church in Grafton, West Virginia to celebrate Mother's Day on the second anniversary of her mother's death, the 2nd Sunday of May. By the next year Mother's Day was also celebrated in Philadelphia.

№ слайда 22 Mother’s Day Ms. Jarvis and her supporters began to write to ministers, busin
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Mother’s Day Ms. Jarvis and her supporters began to write to ministers, businessman, and politicians in their quest to establish a national Mother's Day. It was successful as by 1911 Mother's Day was celebrated in almost every state. President Woodrow Wilson, in 1914, made the official announcement proclaiming Mother's Day as a national holiday that was to be held each year on the 2nd Sunday of May.

№ слайда 23 Mother’s Day In the United States Mother's Day was first suggested in 1872 by
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Mother’s Day In the United States Mother's Day was first suggested in 1872 by Julia Ward Howe (who wrote the words to the Battle hymn of the Republic) as a day dedicated to peace. Ms. Howe would hold organized Mother's Day meetings in Boston, Mass ever year.

№ слайда 24 Mother’s Day In 1907 Ana Jarvis, from Philadelphia, began a campaign to estab
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Mother’s Day In 1907 Ana Jarvis, from Philadelphia, began a campaign to establish a national Mother's Day. Ms. Jarvis persuaded her mother's church in Grafton, West Virginia to celebrate Mother's Day on the second anniversary of her mother's death, the 2nd Sunday of May. By the next year Mother's Day was also celebrated in Philadelphia.

№ слайда 25 Mother’s Day Ms. Jarvis and her supporters began to write to ministers, busin
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Mother’s Day Ms. Jarvis and her supporters began to write to ministers, businessman, and politicians in their quest to establish a national Mother's Day. It was successful as by 1911 Mother's Day was celebrated in almost every state. President Woodrow Wilson, in 1914, made the official announcement proclaiming Mother's Day as a national holiday that was to be held each year on the 2nd Sunday of May.

№ слайда 26 Memorial Day 4th Monday of May This holiday, on the fourth Monday of every Ma
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Memorial Day 4th Monday of May This holiday, on the fourth Monday of every May, is a day on which Americans honor the fallen soldiers. Originally a day on which flags and flowers were placed on graves of soldiers who died in the American Civil War, it has become a day on which the dead of all wars are remembered the same way.

№ слайда 27 Memorial Day On Memorial Day, the President or Vice President of the United S
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Memorial Day On Memorial Day, the President or Vice President of the United States gives a speech and lays a wreath on the tombs. Members of the armed forces shoot a rifle salute in the air. Veterans and families come to lay their own wreaths and say prayers. It is a day of reflection.

№ слайда 28 Memorial Day In 1971, along with other holidays, President Richard Nixon decl
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Memorial Day In 1971, along with other holidays, President Richard Nixon declared Memorial Day a federal holiday on the last Monday in May. Cities all around the United States hold their own ceremonies on the last Monday in May to pay respect to the men and women who have died in wars or in the service of their country.

№ слайда 29 Father’s Day 3rd Sunday of June Father's Day is a day of commemoration and ce
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Father’s Day 3rd Sunday of June Father's Day is a day of commemoration and celebration of Dad. It is a day to not only honor your father, but all men who have acted as a father figure in your life - whether as Stepfathers, Uncles, Grandfathers, or "Big Brothers."

№ слайда 30 Father’s Day The first Father's Day was observed on June 19, 1910 in Spokane
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Father’s Day The first Father's Day was observed on June 19, 1910 in Spokane Washington. At about the same time in various towns and cities across American other people were beginning to celebrate a "father's day." In 1924 President Calvin Coolidge supported the idea of a national Father's Day. Finally in 1966 President Lyndon Johnson signed a presidential proclamation declaring the 3rd Sunday of June as Father's Day.

№ слайда 31 Father’s Day Father's Day has become a day to not only honor your father, but
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Father’s Day Father's Day has become a day to not only honor your father, but all men who act as a father figure. Stepfathers, uncles, grandfathers, and adult male friends are all honored on Father's Day.

№ слайда 32 Birthdays The tradition of birthday parties started in Europe a long time ago
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Birthdays The tradition of birthday parties started in Europe a long time ago. It was feared that evil spirits were particularly attracted to people on their birthdays. To protect them from harm, friends and family would to come be with the birthday person and bring good thoughts and wishes. Giving gifts brought even more good cheer to ward off the evil spirits. This is how birthday parties began.

№ слайда 33 Birthdays Cake, candles and song. A cake is made, and candles are put on top
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Birthdays Cake, candles and song. A cake is made, and candles are put on top based on how old the person is. Then everyone sings the "happy birthday" song, and at the end of the song, the birthday child blows out the candles. If they blow them all out with one blow, their birthday wishes will come true

№ слайда 34 Mardi Gras (Fat Tuesday) Tuesday Before Lent (Feb/March) The celebration of M
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Mardi Gras (Fat Tuesday) Tuesday Before Lent (Feb/March) The celebration of Mardi Gras -- the day before the Christian season of Lent begins in late winter -- is a big occasion in New Orleans, Louisiana, where huge parades and wild revels take place. As its French name implies (Mardi Gras means "Fat Tuesday," the last day of hearty eating before the penitential season of Lent), the tradition goes back to the city's settlement by French immigrants. There are many other such ethnic celebrations, and New York City is particularly rich in them.

№ слайда 35 Easter is a major Christian holiday that commemorates the resurrection of Jes
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Easter is a major Christian holiday that commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ.  It is celebrated on a Sunday between March 22 and April 25. The 40 days leading up to Easter are observed as Lent.  March/April

№ слайда 36 Besides the religious aspects of Easter, people also celebrate spring or the
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Besides the religious aspects of Easter, people also celebrate spring or the signs of new life. Flowers are seen everywhere.  There are often Easter Parades such as the one in New York City where people dress up in their new spring clothes. 

№ слайда 37 Children receive Easter baskets filled with candy Easter eggs, chocolate bunn
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Children receive Easter baskets filled with candy Easter eggs, chocolate bunnies and jelly beans!  The dying of eggs with food color is also an Easter tradition in many American families. 

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№ слайда 39 Independence Day July 4th Independence Day (fourth of July)  is celebrated ev
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Independence Day July 4th Independence Day (fourth of July)  is celebrated every year in the U.S. on July 4th.  It commemorates the signing of the Declaration of Independence. The first Independence Day was celebrated in Philadelphia on July 8, 1776. This is when the declaration was read aloud. 

№ слайда 40 Independence Day July 4th Parades, patriotic speeches, fireworks and pageants
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Independence Day July 4th Parades, patriotic speeches, fireworks and pageants are all ways of celebrating today.  Many families celebrate the Fourth Of July by having picnics and going to the beach.  You will also find fireworks being displayed in many towns and cities across America on the Fourth of July!

№ слайда 41 Labor Day Labor Day is a legal holiday celebrated on the first Monday in Sept
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Labor Day Labor Day is a legal holiday celebrated on the first Monday in September.  The celebration of Labor Day is in honor of the working class.  Parades are held throughout the cities and towns of the United States.  Generally, Labor Day is the last day of summer celebrations.  It is a signal to students across the country that school is ready to begin again!

№ слайда 42 Columbus Day On October 12, 1492, Italian navigator Christopher Columbus land
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Columbus Day On October 12, 1492, Italian navigator Christopher Columbus landed in the New World. Although most other nations of the Americas observe this holiday on October 12, in the United States it takes place on the second Monday in October.

№ слайда 43 The Story of Halloween Halloween is one of the with origins going back thousa
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The Story of Halloween Halloween is one of the with origins going back thousands of years. The holiday we know as Halloween has had many influences from many cultures over the centuries. From the Roman's Pomona Day, to the Celtic festival of Samhain, to the Christian holidays of All Saints and All Souls Days.

№ слайда 44 The Story of Halloween Hundreds of years ago in what is now Great Britain and
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The Story of Halloween Hundreds of years ago in what is now Great Britain and Northern , lived the Celts. The Celts worshipped nature and had many gods, with the sun god as their favorite. It was "he" who commanded their work and their rest times, and who made the earth beautiful and the crops grow.

№ слайда 45 The Story of Halloween The Celts celebrated their on November 1st. It was cel
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The Story of Halloween The Celts celebrated their on November 1st. It was celebrated every year with a festival and marked the end of the "season of the sun" and the beginning of "the season of darkness and cold."

№ слайда 46 The Story of Halloween On October 31st after the crops were all harvested and
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The Story of Halloween On October 31st after the crops were all harvested and stored for the long winter the cooking fires in the homes would be extinguished. The Druids, the Celtic priests, would meet in the hilltop in the dark oak forest (oak trees were considered sacred). The Druids would light new fires and offer sacrifices of crops and animals. As they danced around the the fires, the season of the sun passed and the season of darkness would begin.

№ слайда 47 The Story of Halloween When the morning arrived the Druids would give an embe
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The Story of Halloween When the morning arrived the Druids would give an ember from their fires to each family who would then take them home to start new cooking fires. These fires would keep the homes warm and free from evil spirits.

№ слайда 48 The Story of Halloween The November 1st festival was called Samhain (pronounc
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The Story of Halloween The November 1st festival was called Samhain (pronounced "sow-en"). The festival would last for 3 days. Many people would parade in made from the skins and heads of their animals. This festival would become the first Halloween.

№ слайда 49 The Story of Halloween During the first century the Romans invaded Britain. T
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The Story of Halloween During the first century the Romans invaded Britain. They brought with them many of their festivals and customs. One of these was the festival know as Pomona Day, named for their goddess of fruits and gardens. It was also celebrated around the 1st of November. After hundreds of years of Roman rule the customs of the Celtic's Sowen festival and the Roman Pomona Day mixed becoming 1 major fall holiday.

№ слайда 50 The Story of Halloween The next influence came with the spread of the new Chr
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The Story of Halloween The next influence came with the spread of the new Christian religion throughout Europe and Britain. In the year 835 AD the Roman Catholic Church would make November 1st a church holiday to honor all the saints. This day was called All Saint's Day, or Hallowmas, or All Hallows. Years later the Church would make November 2nd a . It was called All Souls Day and was to honor the dead. It was celebrated with big bonfires, parades, and people saints, angels and devils.

№ слайда 51 The Story of Halloween But the spread of Christianity did not make people for
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The Story of Halloween But the spread of Christianity did not make people forget their early customs. On the eve of All Hallows, Oct. 31, people continued to celebrate the festivals of Sowen and Pomona Day. Over the years the customs from all these holidays mixed. October 31st became known as All Hallow Even, eventually All Hallow's Eve, , and then - Halloween.

№ слайда 52 The Story of Halloween The Halloween we celebrate today includes all of these
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The Story of Halloween The Halloween we celebrate today includes all of these influences, Pomona Day's apples, , and harvest, the Festival of Sowen’s black cats, magic, evil spirits and death, and the ghosts, skeletons and skulls from All Saint's Day and All Soul's Day.

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№ слайда 54 The Story of Halloween The history of "Trick'O'Treating" can be traced back t
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The Story of Halloween The history of "Trick'O'Treating" can be traced back to the early celebrations of All Soul's Day in Britain. The poor would go begging and the housewives would give them special treats called "soulcakes". This was called "going a-souling", and the "soulers" would promise to say a prayer for the dead

№ слайда 55 The Story of Halloween Over time the custom changed and the town's children b
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The Story of Halloween Over time the custom changed and the town's children became the beggars. As they went from house to house they would be given apples, buns, and money.

№ слайда 56 The Story of Halloween During the Pioneer days of the American West, the hous
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The Story of Halloween During the Pioneer days of the American West, the housewives would give the children candy to keep from being tricked. The children would shout "Trick or Treat!".

№ слайда 57 The First Thanksgiving Squanto's importance to the Pilgrims was enormous and
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The First Thanksgiving Squanto's importance to the Pilgrims was enormous and it can be said that they would not have survived without his help. It was Squanto who taught the Pilgrims how to tap the maple trees for sap. He taught them which plants were poisonous and which had medicinal powers. He taught them how to plant the Indian corn by heaping the earth into low mounds with several seeds and fish in each mound. The decaying fish fertilized the corn. He also taught them to plant other crops with the corn.

№ слайда 58 The First Thanksgiving The harvest in October was very successful and the Pil
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The First Thanksgiving The harvest in October was very successful and the Pilgrims found themselves with enough food to put away for the winter. There was corn, fruits and vegetables, fish to be packed in salt, and meat to be cured over smoky fires.

№ слайда 59 The First Thanksgiving The Pilgrims had much to celebrate, they had built hom
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The First Thanksgiving The Pilgrims had much to celebrate, they had built homes in the wilderness, they had raised enough crops to keep them alive during the long coming winter, they were at peace with their Indian neighbors. They had beaten the odds and it was time to celebrate.

№ слайда 60 The First Thanksgiving The Pilgrim Governor William Bradford proclaimed a day
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The First Thanksgiving The Pilgrim Governor William Bradford proclaimed a day of thanksgiving to be shared by all the colonists and the neighboring Native Americans. They invited Squanto and the other Indians to join them in their celebration. Their chief, Massasoit, and 90 braves came to the celebration which lasted for 3 days. They played games, ran races, marched and played drums. The Indians demonstrated their skills with the bow and arrow and the Pilgrims demonstrated their musket skills. Exactly when the festival took place is uncertain, but it is believed the celebration took place in mid-October.

№ слайда 61 Thanksgiving Becomes A Custom The custom of an annually celebrated thanksgivi
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Thanksgiving Becomes A Custom The custom of an annually celebrated thanksgiving, held after the harvest, continued through the years. During the American Revolution (late 1770's) a day of national thanksgiving was suggested by the Continental Congress.

№ слайда 62 Thanksgiving Becomes Official In 1817 New York State had adopted Thanksgiving
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Thanksgiving Becomes Official In 1817 New York State had adopted Thanksgiving Day as an annual custom. By the middle of the 19th century many other states also celebrated a Thanksgiving Day.

№ слайда 63 Thanksgiving Becomes a National Holiday In 1863 President Abraham Lincoln app
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Thanksgiving Becomes a National Holiday In 1863 President Abraham Lincoln appointed a national day of thanksgiving. Since then each president has issued a Thanksgiving Day proclamation, usually designating the fourth Thursday of each November as the holiday.

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№ слайда 65 Christmas Traditions Santa Claus was born in US in the 1860's he was named th
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Christmas Traditions Santa Claus was born in US in the 1860's he was named this as he had a white beard and a belly, so he was named Santa Claus as this was the Dutch word for St Nicholas, Sintaklaas. Although the Dutch had bought him with them in the 17th century, he did not become an important person at Christmas until the Novelist Washington Irving put him in a novel that he wrote in 1809. This first Santa Claus was still known as St. Nicholas, he did smoke a pipe, and fly around in a wagon without any reindeer, but he did not have his red suit or live at the North Pole, he did however bring presents to children every year. In 1863 He was given the name Santa Claus and bore the red suit, pipe, and his reindeer and sleigh.

№ слайда 66 CHRISTMAS THINGS Candy Canes:  These are really candy , one of St. Nicholas'
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CHRISTMAS THINGS Candy Canes:  These are really candy , one of St. Nicholas' symbols. All carry staffs, hooked at the top like a shepherd's crook, showing they are the shepherds who care for, or tend, their people.

№ слайда 67 CHRISTMAS THINGS Christmas stockings by the fireplace: And the stockings were
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CHRISTMAS THINGS Christmas stockings by the fireplace: And the stockings were hung by the chimney with care in hopes that St. Nicholas soon would be there, goes the oft repeated Christmas rhyme. In the story of Nicholas rescuing the poor maidens from being sold into slavery, the gold money, tossed in through the chimney or window, is said to have landed in stockings left to dry before the fire.

№ слайда 68 CHRISTMAS THINGS Orange or tangerine in the toe of filled Christmas stockings
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CHRISTMAS THINGS Orange or tangerine in the toe of filled Christmas stockings: The gold Nicholas threw to provide the dowry money is often shown as gold balls. These are symbolized by oranges or even apples. So the orange in the toe of the stocking is a reminder of Nicholas' gift.

№ слайда 69 CHRISTMAS THINGS Gift-giving in secret, during the night: Stockings are fille
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CHRISTMAS THINGS Gift-giving in secret, during the night: Stockings are filled while children are sleeping. Nicholas did his gift giving secretly, under cover of darkness. He didn't want to be seen and recognized as he wanted those he helped to give thanks to God.

№ слайда 70 CHRISTMAS THINGS Seasonal concern for the needy: St. Nicholas gave gifts to t
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CHRISTMAS THINGS Seasonal concern for the needy: St. Nicholas gave gifts to those in greatest need—the young and the most vulnerable. Christmas gifts and baskets given to those in need, along with other seasonal contributions to charity, reflect St. Nicholas' unselfish concern for others. He never wanted or expected anything in return.

№ слайда 71 CHRISTMAS TREES The custom of the Christmas tree was introduced in the United
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CHRISTMAS TREES The custom of the Christmas tree was introduced in the United States during the War of Independence by Hessian troops. An early account tells of a Christmas tree set up by American soldiers at Fort Dearborn, Illinois, the site of Chicago, in 1804. Most other early accounts in the United States were among the German settlers in eastern Pennsylvania. In 1834, Queen Victoria's husband, Prince Albert, was credited with bringing the first Christmas tree to Windsor Castle for the Royal Family. Some historians state that in actuality Queen Charlotte, Victoria's grandmother, recalled that a Christmas tree was in the Queen's lodge at Windsor on Christmas Day in 1800.

№ слайда 72 Christmas Trees Charles Minnegrode introduced the custom of decorating trees
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Christmas Trees Charles Minnegrode introduced the custom of decorating trees in Williamsburg, Virginia in 1842. By 1850, the Christmas tree had become fashionable in the eastern states. Until this time, it had been considered a quaint foreign custom. Mark Carr brought trees from the Catskills to the streets of New York in 1851, and opened the first retail Christmas tree lot in the United States. Franklin Pierce was the first president to introduce the Christmas tree to the White House in 1856 for a group of Washington Sunday School children. The first national Christmas Tree was lighted in the year 1923 on the White House lawn by President Calvin Coolidge

№ слайда 73 A Christmas Song		 The first Noel the angels did say, Was to certain poor she
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A Christmas Song The first Noel the angels did say, Was to certain poor shepherds in field where they lay. Noel, noel, noel, noel! Born is the king of Israel.

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Дата добавления 01.12.2015
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