Международный конкурс "Мириады открытий"
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The presentation is made by the teacher of English Kuzheleva V.V., school 1, Kirsanov British Royal Family
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. This means that it has a monarch (a King or a Queen) as its Head of State. The Monarch reigns with the support of Parliament. At present the British Royal family is headed by Queen Elizabeth II.
Queen Elizabeth II Elizabeth II was born on April the 21st, 1926. Her official title in the UK is Queen Elizabeth the Second, by the grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Elizabeth is the constitutional monarch of 16 sovereign states (known as the Commonwealth realms) and their territories and dependencies. She is Supreme Governor of the Church of England and, in some of her realms, carries the title of Defender of the Faith as part of her full title. The Queen does not normally use a surname (she doesn't need a passport or a driving license, for example), but on the few occasions where it has been necessary, i.e. when serving with the Auxiliary Territorial Service during World War II, she has used the surname 'Windsor'. The British royal family changed their last name from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor in 1917. Why? World War I broke out in 1914 and anti-German sentiment was its height in 1917. In protest, King George V renounced all the German titles belonging to him and his family and adopted the name of his castle, Windsor. From 8 February 1960, all The Queen's descendants who do not bear the "style, title or attribute of HRH, and the titular dignity of Prince or Princess" have the name of Mountbatten-Windsor. (Mountbatten as Prince Philip's surname).
The Queen's Role in the life of the UK Although the Queen has no longer a political or executive role , she carries out a great many important tasks on behalf of the nation. 1. Head of State As Head of State, the Queen goes on official State visits abroad. She also invites other world leaders to come to the United Kingdom. During their visit, Heads of State usually stay at Buckingham Palace, or sometimes at Windsor Castle or Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh. 2. Head of the Armed Forces The Queen is also the Head of the Armed Forces. She is the only person who can declare when the country is at war and when war is over, although she must take advice from her government first. 3. Head of the Church of England The Queen is Head of the Church of England - a position that all British monarchs have held since it was founded by Henry VIII in the 1530s. The Queen appoints archbishops and bishops on the advice of the Prime Minister.The spiritual leader of the Church of England is the Archbishop of Canterbury. 4.Government Duties Every day 'red boxes' are delivered to the Queen's desk full of documents and reports from the government ministers and Commonwealth officials. They must all be read and, if necessary, signed by the Queen. 5. Represents the Nation The Queen represents the nation at times of great celebration or sorrow. One example of this is Remembrance Day ceremony at the Cenotaph monument in Whitehall. The Queen lays a wreath there each year to honour the members of the armed forces who have died fighting for their country. 6.Royal Garden Parties At least three Royal Garden Parties are held at Buckingham Palace each year and about 8,000 guests attend each one. 7.Visits Alongside her other duties the Queen spends a huge amount of time travelling around the country visiting hospitals, schools, factories and other places and organisations.
Queen Elizabeth II was born as Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary on April 21, 1926 in London, to Prince Albert, Duke of York (later King George VI), and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. Elizabeth was born in London and educated privately at home. Her father acceded to the throne as George VI in 1936 on the abdication of his brother Edward VIII, from which time she was the heir presumptive. She began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, in which she served in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. In 1947, she married Philip Mountbatten , Duke of Edinburgh, with whom she has four children: Charles, Anne, Andrew, and Edward. Her coronation service took place in 1953 and was the first to be televised. On her accession on 6 February 1952, Queen Elizabeth became Head of the Commonwealth and queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon. From 1956 to 1992, the number of her realms varied as territories gained independence and some realms became republics. At present, in addition to the first four before mentioned countries, Elizabeth is Queen of Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda and Saint Kitts and Nevis. During her reign, she has tried to make the British monarchy more modern and sensitive to the public. The Queen's many historic visits and meetings include a state visit to the Republic of Ireland and visits to and from the Pope. The Queen has seen major constitutional changes in many of her realms. Major events in the Queen's reign have included the Troubles in Northern Ireland, the Falklands War, wars with Iraq and the War in Afghanistan. Times of personal significance have included the births and marriages of her children, the births of her grandchildren, and the celebration of milestones such as her Silver, Golden, and Diamond Jubilees in 1977, 2002, and 2012, respectively. Her reign of 60 years is currently the second longest for a British monarch: only Queen Victoria has reigned longer - 63 years. There have been times of personal sorrow for her which include the death of her father at 56, the assassination of Prince Philip's uncle, Lord Mountbatten, the breakdown of her children's marriages in 1992, the death in 1997 of her daughter-in-law, Diana, Princess of Wales, and the deaths of her mother and sister in 2002. The Queen has occasionally faced severe press criticism of the royal family, but her personal popularity and support for the monarchy remains high. The Queen opened the 2012 Summer Olympics on 27 July and the Paralympics on 29 August 2012 in London. She played herself in a short film as part of the Olympics opening ceremony, alongside Daniel Craig as James Bond.
Elizabeth II married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, in 1947.
Prince Philip, Queen Elizabeth’s husband In the British monarchy, the husband of a female monarch does not have any recognized special status, rank, or privileges. Prince Philip was a prince from birth. He is the son of Prince Andrew of Greece and was born Prince of Greece and Denmark. Upon his marriage to then-Princess Elizabeth in 1947, Philip was given the title "Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merion, and Baron Greenwich," and was made a Knight of the Garter. (He became a British citizen around this time and renounced his Greek and Danish titles). Elizabeth II was coronated in 1953, and in 1957, she granted Philip the title "Prince of the United Kingdom.“ Prince Philip served in the Royal Navy. Now he takes a great deal of interest in industry, in the achievements of young people (he founded Duke of Edinburgh’s Award Scheme in 1956) and in saving raise wild animals from extinction.
The coronation of Elizabeth II took place on the 2 nd of June 1953.
Elizabeth II is the Commander- in- Chief of the Armed Forces of many of her realms and Lord Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The Queen and her Guards
Buckingham Palace is the residence of the British Monarch in London. Buckingham Palace is the main British monarch’s residence in London. It was built as a country house for the Duke of Buckingham in 1703, and was bought by King George III in 1762. Today it contains 600 rooms. The Royal Standard flying above the east front of the Palace indicates that the monarch is in the residence.
Windsor Castle – the Queen’s residence near London
The Tower of London and the Royal Treasury
The Ceremony of the Keys Every night at 10 p.m. at the Tower of London the Ceremony of the Keys or locking up of the Tower for the night takes place. It dates back to the Middle Ages. Five minutes before the hour the Headwarder comes out with a bunch of keys and an old lantern. He goes to the guardhouse and cries: “ Escort for the keys”. Then he closes the three gates and goes to the sentry, who calls: ”Halt, who comes there?” The Headwarder replies: ”The Keys”. “Whose keys?”demands the sentry. “Queen Elizabeth’s Keys”, comes the answer. “Advance Queen Elizabeth’ s Keys. All’s well”. The keys are finally carried to the Queen’s House where they are safe for the night. After the ceremony everyone who approaches the gate gives the password or turns away.
Crown Jewels of the British Monarchy
The Queen and Prince Philip have got 4 children: 3 sons and 1 daughter. They are Prince Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew and Prince Edward.
All the members of the Royal Family
Queen’s Family Tree
Who will be the next Monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain? Prince of Wales Charles, the eldest son of Elisabeth II, who was born in 1948, is her heir. He will be the next king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The Prince of Wales is well-known as a keen promoter of British interests. In recent years he has become outspoken on such controversial topics as modern architecture, violence in films and on TV, and the standards of English teaching at schools.
Prince Charles married Diana Spencer on the 29-th of July 1981.
Just married! Diana’s wedding to Charles was held at St Paul's Cathedral and seen by a global television audience of over 750 million.
Diana, Princess of Wales Diana, Princess of Wales ( Diana Frances Spencer, 1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997), was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, and a member of the British Royal Family. She was also well known for her fund-raising work for international charities, and was an eminent celebrity of the late 20th century. While married she bore the courtesy titles Princess of Wales, Duchess of Cornwall, Duchess of Rothesay, Countess of Chester and Baroness of Renfrew.
A Happy Family
The marriage of Charles and Diana produced two sons: William (21 June 1982) and Harry (15 September 1984), currently second and third in line to the throne, respectively. Prince William bears the title of Duke of Cambridge and Harry is the Prince of Wales.
Princess Diana was very popular all over the world.
Diana’s charity work Diana was born into an aristocratic English family and became a public figure with the announcement of her engagement to Prince Charles. Diana also received recognition for her charity work. From 1989, she was the president of the Great Ormond Street Hospital for children, in addition to dozens of other charities.
Diana remained the object of worldwide media during and after her marriage, which ended in divorce on 28 August 1996.
Lady Di won the affection of many people not only in Britain but all over the world for her modesty, shyness and beauty. Unfortunately, she died in a car accident in Paris on the 31st of August, 1997.
Media attention and public mourning were considerable after Diana’s death in a car crash in Paris. Thousands of people brought flowers to Buckingham Palace…
Prince Charles and his new wife Camille Parker Bowles
Prince William and his bride Kate Middleton
Wedding Ceremony of Prince William and Catherine Middleton in Westminster Abbey on the 29 - th of April 2011
Kate Middleton and Prince William welcomed a baby boy on July 22, 2013, at St. Mary's Hospital in London, England. Since then, the royal couple have released several pictures of the future king of England, who is third in line for the throne, behind his father and Prince Charles.
Young Prince George and his parents
Prince George and Princess Charlotte
In 2013 Queen Elizabeth II marked her Diamond Jubilee on the throne.
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