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Penza State University Computer Technologies in Teaching English Strunina Natalia
What matters most is not the moment when the student uses the technology, but how that use promotes improvement in that student's education. S. Ehrmann
ICTs are a vital factor in development of education
A new generation of students -
Multimedia is a computer based program integrating video, sound, animation, graphics and text. Characteristics of multimedia: Interactivity; Flexibility; Integration;
The Advantages of Computer Technologies: Fast access to words, sentences and files; Hypertextuality; Advanced searching possibilities; Storing huge amounts of digital data; Automatic testing; Progress tracking; Elaborate user support system;
Hotlist Hotlist (список по теме) – a list of Internet sites. A recommended first step is to simply compile a list of web-based resources — i.e. a good «hotlist» of sites you know are appropriate for your students.
Topic: «Christmas traditions in the USA» Hotlist: http://www.crewsnest.vispa.com/journeyusa.htm http://www.christmasintheusa.com/ http://www.allthingschristmas.com/traditions/christmas-usa.php
Multimedia scrapbook Multimedia scrapbook (мультимедийный черновик) – students explore your collection of multimedia links (photographs, maps, stories, facts, sound clips, videos...), decide which resources they prefer, and create something new. Students use the Scrapbook to find aspects of the topic that's important to them.
Topic: «Christmas traditions in the USA» Multimedia Scrapbook sites: Text files: http://www.crewsnest.vispa.com/journeyusa.htm http://www.christmasintheusa.com/ http://www.allthingschristmas.com/traditions/christmas-usa.php Audio files: http://www.voanews.com/mediaassets/specialenglish/2007_12/Audio/mp3/se-white-christmas.mp3 (White Christmas: One of the Best Loved Holiday Songs) http://www.voanews.com/mediaassets/specialenglish/2006_12/Audio/mp3/se-mosaic-22dec06.mp3 (Not Celebrating Christmas, Hanukkah or Kwanzaa? Try Festivus) http://www.voanews.com/mediaassets/specialenglish/2006_12/Audio/mp3/se-tia-christmas-traditions.mp3 (Christmas in America: Music and Traditions of a Merry Season) Pictures: http://www.amazing-christmas-ideas.com/candy-christmas-tree.html (Christmas tree decorations) http://radio.weblogs.com/0104723/My%20Pictures/Christmas%20Stockings%20hung%20with%20care.jpg (Christmas stockings) http://www.painetworks.com/pages/ec/ec0134.html (fireplace decorations on Christmas) http://family.webshots.com/photo/1055454583010148117JeJYXR (Christmas house decorations)
Treasure hunt Treasure hunt ( охота за сокровищами) – like a hotlist; but includes questions based on content from the sites. The basic strategy is to find sites that hold information that you feel is essential to the given topic. After you've gathered these links, you pose a question for each site. At the end of the Hunt, you add a culminating «Big Question».
Hunt for Meals and Cooking Introduction For this class you’ll need to learn about meals and cooking in the UK. The web allows you to discover way more than you may have ever thought possible and is a great compliment to the materials found in the library. Below is a list of questions about the topic of the seminar. Surf the links on this page to find answers to the questions.
Questions How many times a day do the British usually have meals? What do they usually have for breakfast? (Compare it with continental breakfast) What does usual British dinner consist of? Describe British supper. What are the most popular British dishes? (According to the recent survey) Characterize traditional British drinks. The Big Question: What gastronomic peculiarities do the British have?
The Internet Resources http://woodlands_junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/questions/food/meals. http://risol.ti/english/index.php?option=com content&task=view&id=181&itemid=76 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/supper http://politcom/moldova.org/stiri/eng/37361 http://britishcouncil.org/ru/china about UKfood scotland breakfast lunch dinner.htm
Subject sampler Subject sampler – students explore your collection of multimedia links, includes questions based on content from the sites AND how they feel to react it; more complex than a treasure hunt. Subject Samplers connect students emotionally to the chosen topic. Samplers are fun because you've chosen websites that offer something interesting to do, read or see. It's emotional because students are asked to respond to questions from a personal perspective.
Topic: Family Traditions Resources http://youreng.narod.ru/family 1.html http://native_english.ru/topics/british_and_american_family http://wouldlands_junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/questions/family life.htm http://womenrussia.com/russian history 156.htm http://kwintessential.co.uk/global eniquette/russia country profile.html Questions Describe typical Russian (American and British families) How have these stereotypes been changing during the years? What influenced on these changes? Try to describe family of the future.
Webquest Webquest (Интернет-проект) – uses the sites you select as the starting point for a complex activity that involves multiple perspectives, possible group collaboration, and a final project of your choosing. A Webquest presents student groups with a challenging task or problem to solve. It's best to choose aspects of a topic that are under dispute or that at least offer a couple different perspectives.
Holidays and Traditions in Different Countries WebQuest Introduction This webquest is devoted to Holidays and Traditions in Different Countries. In this course you’ll be able to learn about traditions and holidays in Russia, Great Britain and the USA. Task What special traditions and holidays does every country have? To answer this question you’ll need to work in small groups and complete the tasks and assignments designed by your instructor.
Process For the seminar on Holidays and Traditions in Different Countries students will be divided into several groups. Each group’ll get one aspect of the theme. Your task will include the following: 1 PRE-CLASS PREPARATION: study Web-based materials using the links suggested; answer the questions; divide the material between all team members for presentation in class for the members of other groups; prepare your presentations (reports) 2 IN-CLASS ACTIVITY report to the whole class what you have learned on the topic for your group activity.
Phase 1 – Background Information For this seminar I decided to break the topic into three parts. Each group’ll need to study only one part and inform the whole class about its major features and subjects. Phase 2 – Roles You’ll be working in teams. It’ll be up to you to divide roles in each team. For efficiency, there should be a team leader, who’ll organize the work and divide the issues within each topic to make sure everything is covered and there is no overlap. However, all team members are responsible for presenting information in class, regardless their role in pre-class preparation process.
Group1: Holidays and traditions in Russia http://toronto.mid.ru/Country profile/holid/html http://Russian flora.com/Russian_Holidays.html http://svas.org/russian holidays http://mavicanet.ru/lite/eng/11520.html Questions: 1.What are the major holidays in Russia? 2. Which of them have religious, political or historical significance? 3. What traditions exist only in our country? 4. Characterize people’s attitude towards them
Group2: Holidays and traditions in Great Britain: http://woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk http://elt.britcoun.org.pl/elt/f holid.html http://infoenglish.info/publ/32-1-0-26 http://mavicanet.ru/lite/eng/14848.html Questions: 1.What are the major holidays in the UK? 2. Which of them have religious, political or historical significance? 3. What traditions exist only in this country? 4. Characterize people’s attitude towards them
Group3: Holidays and traditions in the USA http://www.crewsnest.vispa.com/journeyusa.html http://www.christmasintheusa.com http://www.allthingschristmas.com/traditions/christmas-usa.php Questions: 1.What are the major holidays in the USA? 2. Which of them have religious, political or historical significance? 3. What traditions exist only in this country? 4. Characterize people’s attitude towards them
Phase 3 – Reaching Consensus The most difficult problem is to decide what attitude towards traditions of the other countries should we cultivate? Work in your groups. Discuss the question and be ready to participate in the whole class discussion.
Hotlist, Scrapbook, Treasure Hunt, Subject Sampler, Webquest All these types of educational resources can be implemented in an English course at school. It's up to the teacher how often these Internet materials can be used in teaching process. It depends on students' language level, information competence level and students' interests. Pedagogy develops and our task is to catch it up, use new technologies, methods and means of teaching, one of which is multimedia. Multimedia is universal means, as it can be used to make the studying process effective, interesting and accessible.