Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
by Rasima Ismagilova, 8th form student
Although the Vikings travelled to North America more than 900 years ago, it was Christopher Columbus' good luck in 1492 that whipped Europe into a frenzy. Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand, the Spanish Monarchs whom funded Columbus' exploration, were the first to realize the potential wealth of the New World. Spain became the richest and most powerful nation in the world. Christopher Columbus (conjectural image by Sebastiano del Piombo)
Europe had long enjoyed a safe land passage to China and India— sources of valued goods such as silk, spices, and opiates— under the hegemony of the Mongol Empire. But the land route to Asia became more difficult. In response to this the Columbus brothers had, by the 1480s, developed a plan to travel to the Indies by sailing directly west across the "Ocean Sea," i.e., the Atlantic.
On August 2, 1492, Columbus set sail in search of the East Indies. Columbus and 90 crewmen boarded the three ships that were to make the first voyage to the New World, the Niña, Pinta, and the flagship, Santa Maria. On October 12, 1492, Columbus first saw the islands of the new world, landing in the Bahamas. Later in the month, he would sail to Cuba, and to Hispaniola (now Haiti). He thought he had reached the East Indies, the islands off Southeast Asia. Santa Maria
Replicas of Christopher Columbus' ships the Niña (left) and the Santa Clara or Pinta Oswego Harbor
It was a fireplace! They used to make up the fire to heat the room when it was cold (about 15 degree C above zero at night).
On 20 May 1506, at about age 55, Columbus died in Valladolid, fairly wealthy from the gold his men had accumulated in Hispaniola. At his death, he was still convinced that his journeys had been along the east coast of Asia. According to a study, published in February 2007, by Antonio Rodriguez Cuartero, Department of Internal Medicine of the University of Granada, he died of a heart attack caused by Reiter's Syndrome (also called reactive arthritis). According to his personal diaries and notes by contemporaries, the symptoms of this illness (burning pain during urination, pain and swelling of the knees, and conjunctivitis) were clearly evident in his last three years.
Columbus's remains were first interred in Seville (southern Spain) by the will of his son Diego, who had been governor of Hispaniola. In 1542 the remains were transferred to Santo Domingo, in eastern Hispaniola. In 1795 the French took over Hispaniola, and the remains were moved to Havana, Cuba. After Cuba became independent following the Spanish-American War in 1898, the remains were moved back to Spain, to the Cathedral of Seville, where they were placed on an elaborate catafalque.
The Cradle of Christianity of America At the east end is the first cathedral in America, "Santa María la Menor." Earthquakes and hurricanes have not destroyed this massive monument. Columbus loved this island of Hispañola so much he wanted to be buried here. His remains were brought from Spain and buried in the Cathedral..
The monument of Christopher Columbus This statue of Christopher Columbus is on the square next to the Cathedral
This mausoleum was built after his remains were found hidden in the Cathedral. Faro de Colon
The mausoleum was moved to the Columbus Lighthouse in 1992. This huge building was built in the shape of a cross. It shines a light into the sky in the shape of a cross to celebrate the fifth centenary of Columbus' arrival in America.
Faro a Colón There are exhibitions inside The Lighthouse.
Christopher Columbus's second expedition to the Americas set sail from El Puerto de Santa María. His pilot, Juan de la Cosa drew his world map (the first including the coast of New World) in El Puerto in 1500.