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Тема: Прямая и косвенная речь Direct and Reported Speech Утверждения Выполнила : учитель англ.языка Шукурбекова А.А. 2015-2016 г.
Direct Speech and Reported (Indirect) Speech DIRECT SPEECH is the exact words someone said. (это буквальная передача чьего либо высказывания) “I like to play football,” John said. REPORTED SPEECH is the exact meaning of what someone said, but not the exact words. (передача прямой речи в виде пересказа) Jack said that he liked to play football.
Если глагол, вводящий прямую речь, употреблен в одном из прошедших времен, то глагол придаточного предложения заменяется глаголом также в одном из прошедших времен. Изменение времен происходит по следующей схеме: Present Simple Progressive Perfect Perfect- Progressive V / VS Write am, is, are + Ving am writing have / has + V3 have written have / has been +Ving have been writing Past V2 / Ved wrote was / were Ving was writing had + V3 had written had been + Ving had been writing Past Simple V2 /V ed Past Perfect had + V3
Simple Progressive Perfect Perfect Progressive Future Future in the Past will + V will write Will be + Ving Will be writing Will have + V3 will have written Will have been + Ving Will have been writing would + V Would write would be + Ving would be writing would have + V3 would have written would have been + Ving would have been writing
Past Tenses Direct Speech Mother said, Past Simple __ “I go to work every day.” Present Simple Indirect Speech Mother said, Past Simple (that) Подлеж. Сказ. Второстеп. чл. she went to work every day. Past Simple (Present Simple →Past Simple)
Изменение модальных глаголов в косвенной речи Direct Speech Can Could May Might Be to Have to Must Should Ought Need Dare Indirect Speech Could Had been able to Might Might Was / were to Had to Must, Should Ought Needed Dared
Time expressions Direct speech tonight today this week now yesterday last night tomorrow next week two days ago Reported speech that night that day that week then, at that time the day before/the previous day the previous night the day after the following week/the next week two days before
Ex. 80. Say the following statements in reported speech. Fred said: “I have invented a new computer program”. (Фрэд сказал: «Я изобрел новую компьютерную программу.») Mary said: “I will help my sister.” (Мэри сказала: «Я помогу своей сестре.») They told me: “We were really happy.” (Они сказали мне: «Мы были очень счастливы.») She said: “I live in a big apartment.” (Она сказала: «Я живу в большой квартире.») He told her: “I am going to the fish market.” (Он сказал ей: «Я собираюсь на рыбный рынок.») Betty said: “I found my passport.” (Бетти сказала: «Я нашла свой паспорт.») Mr. Ford said: “I don’t like pork.” (М-р Форд сказал: «Я не люблю свинину.») Little Tim told his mother: “I am sleepy.” (Маленький Тим сказал маме: «Я хочу спать.»)