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Presentation "Sights of London"
Westminster Palace Westminster Palace - building on the River Thames in the London borough of Westminster, where the meeting of the British Parliament. Connected to Trafalgar Square, Whitehall Street. Palace of Westminster was almost completely destroyed by fire, but in 1840 was rebuilt. The only part of the old palace, preserved - Westminster Hall. The first palace was built for King Edward - Confessor came to the throne in 1042. 45 years later to William Rufus, son of William - Confessor built Westminster Hall - the most elegant room in Europe, where in 1099 he was made a feast. In the 13th century Henry added a third painted chamber of, and during his reign first Parliament was held.
Westminster Palace Namely in the Palace of Westminster in the 13th century King John Lackland of England under pressure from the public signed a decree went down in history as the "Magna Carta." In 1834, almost all of the Palace of Westminster, built in 1042, the year, burned to the ground. Before the 19th century former mansion where parliament met in England were two buildings: Westminster Hall and Tower of Jewels. Construction of the Palace of Westminster took a little over 48 years (1840 to 1888). Palace was built from scratch in neo-gothic project Charles Barry and G. W. H. Pyudzhina.
In 1837 , the ascent to the throne of Queen Victoria, Parliament allocated money architect Charles Berry, who rebuilt the Palace of Westminster to build watches that were supposed to be on the tower of St. Stephen's , but with the proviso that the new clock will be the finest and largest in the world. It is not clear who gave the name of this bell. Someone said that he was so named in honor of Benjamin Hall , who was chief of the construction works of Big Ben . This man for his impressive physical dimensions and nicknamed Big Ben . Big Ben has a height of 96 meters, and the top is only possible on a small spiral staircase , exactly 334 steps lead to the top. Big Ben look at all four corners of the world . The base of each of the four watch dials is a Latin inscription «Domine Salvam fac Reginam nostram Victoriam primam», which reads "God save our Queen Victoria" . Tower clock was brought into play May 21, 1859. Big Ben
Westminster Abbey Westminster Abbey was founded in 960 AD as a Benedictine monastery. Presumably, the first English king, who was crowned here was Harold, in January 1066. Crushed him at the Battle of Hastings, William the Conqueror was crowned here in the same year, and the first entry in the Abbey witnessed it in 1300, at the Abbey for the coronation throne set. Abbey the same time becomes the burial place of monarchs and royal family family. Poets Corner appears burial place of eminent personalities connected with the history of the country. Here lie the remains of Chaucer, Samuel Johnson, Tennyson, Browning, Dickens.
Buckingham Palace Buckingham Palace - the official London residence of British monarchs. Located opposite Pall Mall and Green Park, with white marble and gilded monument to Queen Victoria. When the monarch is in the palace, over the roof of the palace flies the Royal Standard. Buckingham Palace was originally known as Buckingham House, built for the Duke of Buckingham in 1703. The palace was officially declared the main residence of British monarchs during accession to the throne Queen Victoria in 1837. It was completed in 1853 and the most spacious room richly Palace - Ballroom, whose length is 36 meters, width - 18 meters. It was built by order of Queen Victoria and first used in 1856 for the reception in honor of the Crimean War.
The British Museum The British Museum was opened in 1753 and from the very first day of its opening remains free to all visitors. This is one of the greatest value for the size and huge museums in the world. Its collection includes more than 7 million artifacts, relics and curiosities from around the world, representing different eras, countries and civilizations. The British museum was created in 1753 on the basis of three collections - collection of famous British physician and naturalist Hanse Sloan collection of Count Robert Harley, as well as libraries antiquarian Robert Cotton, which became the basis of the British Library. Creation Museum was approved act of the British Parliament.
Tower of London Tower, a fortress, standing on the north bank of the Thames - the historic center of London and one of the oldest buildings in England. As the Duke of Edinburgh wrote in his book on the 900th anniversary of the Tower, "in its history, the Tower of London was a fortress, palace, royal jewelry store, arsenal, mint, a prison, an observatory, a zoo, a place attracting tourists."After the conquest of England, William I erected not one defensive structures to establish full control over the country. One of the largest in size - is the Tower of London. First prisoner imprisoned in the Tower in 1190. Tower was used as a prison exclusively for people of noble birth and high rank. Among the most famous prisoners of the Tower of London - the kings of Scotland and France and their families. In the Tower were murdered Henry VI, as well as 12-year-old Edward V and his younger brother.
Tower Bridge Tower Bridge - the swing bridge in central London on the River Thames, near the Tower of London. Opened in 1894. Is also one of the symbols of London and Britanii.Stroitelstvo bridge began June 21, 1886, and was completed after 8 years. Grand opening of new bridge was held June 30, 1894 by Edward Prince of Wales and his wife Princess Alexandra. The bridge was designed by Horace Jones, he is a the swing bridge 244 meters long with two set at the intermediate support tower height of 65 meters.
St. Paul's Cathedral St. Paul's Cathedral - Cathedral in London is the seat of the Bishop of London. Officially opening date of the cathedral is considered October 20, 1708 - the birthday of the cathedral architect Rena, but the actual service at the church began December 2, 1697. Under the dome of the Cathedral has three galleries: the inner whispering gallery and outdoor stone and gold gallery. In gigantic crypt of the cathedral (the biggest in the world) are the graves of the Duke of Wellington and Lord Nelson and architect Rena.
Trafalgar Square Trafalgar Square - square in the center of London, where, in place of the cross Charingskogo converge three paramount Westminster Street - Strand, Whitehall and The Mall.At the corners of the square are four pedestal. Pedestals on these monuments to George IV, who himself, and bought the place for huge money at that time - 9000 guineas. On two pedestals sculptures adorn the two commanders-colonialists - Lord Havelock (for suppressing the rebellion in India) and Sir Charles Napier (conquest of the Indian province of Sindh).On the north side of Trafalgar Square with a huge dome and colonnade set in the middle, the National Gallery, which is adjacent to the National Portrait Gallery.
Shakespeare's Globe Theatre 1. Initial theater "Globe", one of the owners was Shakespeare. "Globe" was built in 1599 using timber structures earlier theater, simply called "Theatre", which was built by the father of Richard Burbage, James Burbage, in Shoreditch in 1576. In July 1613 the theater "Globe" was burned during the performance of "Henry VIII». 2. In 1614, the theater was restored after the fire, and continued his work until 1642 is closed and eventually demolished it altogether. And only in 1971 the American kinorezhzhiser and actor Sam Wanamaker, tried to find the foundation of Shakespeare's theater and the building began to build again. 3. In 1997, a new "Globe" was built. Modern building housing 1,400 spectators - a clever reconstruction of a round wooden Elizabethan theater. Today, under the London sky with round wooden platform are the words of Shakespeare's tragedies and comedies. Since the building of the theater without a roof, there are performances in the spring and summer.
Royal National Theatre Royal National Theatre Classical Theatre is located on South Vank. A draft of which was designed by architect Sir Dennis Lasdanom. Opening of theater halls held at various times between 1976 and 1977.Internal structure of the National Theatre complex includes three auditoriums with a total capacity of about 2,500 seats, cozy cafes, open and glazed terrace, live music in the lobby, exhibition of works by artists and masters of photography on their walls, as well as a number of well-stocked bookstores.
Chinatown Chinatown - a little China in central London with 50 -ies. First London Chinatown was located in the London Docklands Limehouse in the East End working . At the beginning of the XX century , the Chinese population of London was concentrated in the port area , as the main type of earnings considered service arriving in Docklands Chinese sailors . Most of the quarter was destroyed during the blitz of London during the Second World War, but some elderly Chinese still live in this place . After the Second World War due to the increased popularity of Chinese cuisine and the influx of immigrants from Hong Kong Chinese restaurants began to appear .
London City Hall London City Hall built in 2002, the building is located on the south bank of the Thames, is one of the important projects of modern London. The famous English architect, the creator of this unusual structure, Sir Norman Foster wanted to London City Hall personified democracy and availability for any visitor.In the original City Hall in London are: the mayor's office, the offices for the 25 members of the London Assembly and 500 employees, has an observation gallery, a conference room and meeting rooms, public library, restaurants, several rooms for receptions and exhibitions.
London Eye London Eye - one of the largest Ferris wheel in the world, located in the London borough of Lambeth. Ferris wheel "London Eye" height of 135 meters. Ferris wheel - project architects David Marks and Julia Barfield, who won the design contest in honor of the buildings the new millennium. It was built to meet the XXI century. on the Thames, and was initially planned to dismantle it in 2005 with the wheel 32 fixed transparent capsules, each accommodates 25 people.
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