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EDINBURGH PLACES OF INTEREST
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consists of four parts: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh. It is one of the oldest and most beautiful cities in the world. It has a lot of interesting places to see.
It's a city for people who like to walk. You are never far from green parks, gardens and hills - even in the main shopping streets. It's a busy and modern city, but history is everywhere.
At the top of the highest hill in Edinburgh is Edinburgh Castle. Soldiers have marched through its gates for nearly a thousand years. It was the home of Scotland's royal family until the year 1603 when King James the Sixth of Scotland became king of England as well and went south to live in London.
The Royal Mile, the most famous road in Edinburgh, begins at the castle and goes eastwards. Off the Royal Mile you can explore old narrow streets on foot. You'll find some interesting shops.
At the other end of the Royal Mile is the Palace of Holyroodhouse. It was built by a Scottish king before Scotland and England were united to make Great Britain.
Now Holyroodhouse is a second home for the British king or queen, who usually visits Edinburgh in the summer. When the royal family is not there, you can visit the palace. You can see the staterooms and walk around the gardens and the ruins of the abbey, a much older building.
Behind Holyroodhouse is one of Edinburgh's nine hills. One of them is a long-dead volcano; it's called King Arthur's Seat. From the top you can look northwards to the great river, the Firth of Forth, and the road bridge which crosses it. The road bridge is modern, but the rail bridge is quite old. It has carried trains to the Highlands for more than a hundred years.
The National Gallery of Scotland has got paintings by many famous artists. There is also the National Gallery of Modern Art. The National Gallery of Scotland The National Gallery of Scotland The National Gallery of Modern Art
The Royal Museum is interesting with its Science Zone.
There are excellent clothes shops in Princess Street and George Street. Princess Street George Street
The kilt, the most important part of Scotland's national dress, is made from tartan cloth. To make a kilt takes eight metres of tartan cloth. Kilts are worn by men and women, but a man's kilt has a pocket made from leather and silver. It's worn in front and it's called a sporran.
Bagpipes - the national instrument of Scotland. In local workshop, craftsmen make the wooden pipes. The bag is made of leather and covered in tartan.
There is the famous ‘Edinburgh Festival’, the cultural event of the year. In August , Edinburgh is one big party with great music, theatre and films!
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