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The Great Son of Tatar Nation
The name of Tukay means a whole epoch in the intellectual development of the Tatar people, its literature, art and the whole culture making. Tukay’s works have been published many times since the day of his death. Tukay lives either on the theatre stage, or in the historic novels. The State Prize of the Republic of Tatarstan named after Gabdulla Tukay is awarded for the best art and literature works. Tukay works are published in Russian and many other national languages of the country in long runs. The poet continues living with his people and with the people of all multinational Russia. His way to immortality and fame is continuing… Gabdulla Tukay (1886-1913)
Туган тел И туган тел, и матур тел, әткәм-әнкәмнең теле! Дөньяда күп нәрсә белдем син туган тел аркылы. Иң элек бу тел белән әнкәм бишектә көйләгән, Аннары төннәр буе әбкәм хикәят сөйләгән. И туган тел! Һәрвакытта ярдәмең берлән синең, Кечкенәдән аңлашылган шатлыгым, кайгым минем. И туган тел! Синдә булган иң элек кыйлган догам: Ярлыкагыл, дип, үзем һәм әткәм-әнкәмне, Ходам! Родной язык (Пер. Р.Бухараева) О язык родной, певучий, о родительская речь! Что еще на свете знал я, что сумел я уберечь? Колыбель мою качая, тихо-тихо пела мать. Подрастая, сказки бабушки я начал понимать. О язык мой, мы навечно неразлучные друзья, с детства стала мне понятна радость и печаль твоя. О язык мой, как сердечно я молился в первый раз: "Боже, – я шептал, – помилуй мать, отца, помилуй нас."
Gabdulla Tukay My Native Tongue Oh, my native tongue, there is no other Like the one spoken by my father and mother. Whatever I have learned since when I was young It is all thanks to you, my sweet native tongue. My first words to utter I was not yet able, Mother sang me lullabies, while rocking my cradle. I’ll forever remember the tales from my granny - She told me one each night, of them she knew so many. If it weren’t for you, oh my beautiful tongue, To this day I’d be speechless and hopelessly numb... But you are so gracious, together did we grow, You taught me to express my happiness and sorrow. Oh, my native tongue, how could I ever forget That first prayer to Allah, which I myself read? “Oh, Lord Almighty, in your mercy, please save My poor parents and me – I’m your humble slave.”
Photographs of little Gabdulla Tukay has not been saved. However, he was not photographed in the childhood, because in the village there was no photographer that time. Just in 1903, when the poet was seventeen, his first photo was taken. Tukay is at a tall shakird’s side. In 1905-1907, in Uralsk Gabdulla Tukay closely cooperated with Kamil, a son of Mutygulla Tukhvatullin. The photograph (Kamil is the left one) is an evidence of their close relationships. Biography
G.Tukay in the period of his work in Uralsk. 1905. In the photograph of 1907 G.Tukay is among his Ural friends. From left to right: Nadzhib Nigmatullin (barkeeper), Kurushkin (bookkeeper), Rakhmatulla Khairullin (counterman), Gabdulla Tukay, Sirazetdin Belyukov (shakird who left madrasah with G.Tukay).
In the photograph of 1908 there is an editorial staff of the Tatar newspaper “El-Islakh” published in Kazan (from left to right): Vafa Bakhtiyarov (an editor), Kabir Bkir (a theatre critic), Fatikh Amirkhan (an ideological leader, active member, and writer), Ibragim Amirkhan, Gabdulla Tukay (editorial staff). G.Tukay is immediately after his arrival in Kazan. 1908. (Enlarged fragment of a group photograph).
G.Tukay and F.Amirkhan. Photograph of 1908. Three friends, three Tatar poets. Gabdulla Tukay’s leg is on the bench, Sagit Rameev is in the middle, Fakhrelislam Agiev is at the foot.
In the photograph of 1911 Gabdulla Tukay, Sagit Rameev, and Shakhid Gaifi sit in the boat in Astrakhan. S.Gaifi was an organizer of G.Tukay’s life in Astrakhan. Under his leadership G.Tukay was treated by koumiss several times. In the summer of 1911, G.Tukay lived in Astrakhan in a sanatorium regimen. G.Tukay. The photograph of 1912.
The photograph of 1912. G.Tukay and his friend F.Amirkhan, as well as G.Kulakhmetov, K.Kulakhmetov. The photograph is well-known. It has been published in books many times. It is the only photograph where G.Tukay smiles. G.Tukay. The photograph of 1912.
The great Tatar poet Gabdulla Tukay died on April 15 (2), 1913 at 8.15 in the evening… 1913. Kazan Klyachkin hospital. G.Tukay is to leave this world in a day. Knowing that the poet’s days were numbered, G.Tukay’s friends invited a photographer to the hospital to take last photograph. There were three of them. However, merciless censorship did its part, having deleted all those who took care about G.Tukay.
On April 17 (4), 1913, the Tatar nation said farewell to its favourite poet. A great deal of people waited a funeral in Kazan streets. The poet’s friends, clergy, newspapers and magazines’ staff, publishers, actors of Tatar theatrical group “Sayar”, shakirds, students, and a lot of representatives of absolutely different estates were there. The funeral is on Yusunsov Square, Kazan. Here Zarif hazret Amirkhani said a funeral prayer in front of many thousands of people. From left to right representatives of the clergy in the photograph: Zarif hazret Amirkhani, an unknown mullah, Galimzhan hazret Barudi (with a walking-stick), Ibragim hazret Halitov.
G.Tukay’s grave monument Kazan Muslim cemetery. After commiting the deceased to the earth and saying prayers, Kasim hazret read two lines of G.Tukay’s famous poem “My Will”: Oh, my soul, you’ve done a lot! And now go to God, - You have turned away from light, but now don’t give up. (word-for-word translation)
Poems 1906 year Gabdulla Tukay To Pushkin Gabdulla Tukay To My People Gabdulla Tukay To Guria (Heavenly Nymph) Gabdulla Tukay Autumn Gabdulla Tukay Epitaph 1907 year Gabdulla Tukay Get Rid of Gold! Gabdulla Tukay Immorality Gabdulla Tukay A Chat Gabdulla Tukay Shuraleh Gabdulla Tukay A Mouse That Fell in a Bowl of Milk… Gabdulla Tukay We Will Not Leave! Gabdulla Tukay From Byron Gabdulla Tukay A Holiday in Childhood 1908 year Gabdulla Tukay Impression Gabdulla Tukay So Let Her Laugh Gabdulla Tukay Poet Gabdulla Tukay Truth and Lies Gabdulla Tukay To… ("He met you somewhere on his way...") Gabdulla Tukay Betrayed Gabdulla Tukay Love Is Strange Gabdulla Tukay Hope Gabdulla Tukay The Reply Gabdulla Tukay A Girl with Ugly Teeth Gabdulla Tukay Your Hand Gabdulla Tukay When Moscow Reins You in Gabdulla Tukay To Your Portrait Gabdulla Tukay Advice Gabdulla Tukay It Must Be Him Gabdulla Tukay It’s a holiday! Gabdulla Tukay The Water Maid Gabdulla Tukay If Not For…
1909 year Gabdulla Tukay My Legacy Gabdulla Tukay My Will Gabdulla Tukay The Prophet Gabdulla Tukay Two Suns Gabdulla Tukay To a Disgraced Tatar Girl Gabdulla Tukay Man in Love Gabdulla Tukay From Shakespeare Gabdulla Tukay Kitap Gabdulla Tukay Hard Work Gabdulla Tukay Miracle Gabdulla Tukay My Village Gabdulla Tukay Some People Like… Gabdulla Tukay Without Title Gabdulla Tukay My Native Tongue Gabdulla Tukay A Mother’s Prayer Gabdulla Tukay Mother’ prayer Gabdulla Tukay In Allah You Should Trust Gabdulla Tukay The Crescent and the Sun Gabdulla Tukay The Field in Winter Gabdulla Tukay Winter, Farewell Gabdulla Tukay Birds Gabdulla Tukay To a Child Gabdulla Tukay The Swallow Gabdulla Tukay Evening in Winter Gabdulla Tukay A Tale about a Goat and a Sheep
Gabdulla Tukay Miracle Gabdulla Tukay My Village Gabdulla Tukay Some People Like… Gabdulla Tukay Without Title Gabdulla Tukay My Native Tongue Gabdulla Tukay A Mother’s Prayer Gabdulla Tukay Mother’ prayer Gabdulla Tukay In Allah You Should Trust Gabdulla Tukay The Crescent and the Sun Gabdulla Tukay The Field in Winter Gabdulla Tukay Winter, Farewell Gabdulla Tukay Birds Gabdulla Tukay To a Child Gabdulla Tukay The Swallow Gabdulla Tukay Evening in Winter Gabdulla Tukay A Tale about a Goat and a Sheep 1909 year Gabdulla Tukay My Legacy Gabdulla Tukay My Will Gabdulla Tukay The Prophet Gabdulla Tukay Two Suns Gabdulla Tukay To a Disgraced Tatar Girl Gabdulla Tukay Man in Love Gabdulla Tukay From Shakespeare Gabdulla Tukay Kitap Gabdulla Tukay Hard Work
1910 year Gabdulla Tukay Admonition Gabdulla Tukay Great Joy Gabdulla Tukay Summer Morning Gabdulla Tukay Not All That Glitters Is Gold Gabdulla Tukay Hopelessness Gabdulla Tukay Repentance Gabdulla Tukay The Dance Gabdulla Tukay Lament 1911 year Gabdulla Tukay Eulogy Gabdulla Tukay Bitter Plight Gabdulla Tukay Not Funny Gabdulla Tukay The Critic Gabdulla Tukay Comments on Love Gabdulla Tukay Kazan and Beyond Gabdulla Tukay Tatar Youth 1913 year Gabdulla Tukay I Feel Sick… Gabdulla Tukay To Genius Gabdulla Tukay Fame 1912 year Gabdulla Tukay Evening Wish Gabdulla Tukay I Will Not Sell Out Gabdulla Tukay Recollections Gabdulla Tukay Sick in the Country Gabdulla Tukay Potatoes and Enlightenment
Famous poems Shuraleh The Water Maid A Tale about a Goat and a Sheep
Multimedia Cartoons Tatar cartoon - "Kirlay" (Gabdulla Tukay) The following cartoon is based on the poem written by Tatar poet Gabdulla Tukay (1886-1913) "Native village" (1909). Production - Сompany group "Master" and Association "Tatarmultfilm". Tatar cartoon - "A mouse that fell into the milk" (Gabdulla Tukay) The following cartoon is based on the poem written by Tatar poet Gabdulla Tukay (1886-1913) "A mouse that fell into the milk" (1907). Production - Сompany group "Master" and Association "Tatarmultfilm".
Tukay Museums G.Tukay Museum is located in the “Shamil House” in the city of Kazan, architectures of which were Amlong and Rush. The House was built by a merchant Ibragim Apakov for his daughter who married Mukhamet Shafi. Mukhamet Shafi, a retired major general of the Russian Army, lived there till 1906. The basic periods of life and work of G.Tukay are shown in the exposition opened in 1996. G.Tukay rare memorial belongings, his lifetime photographs, editions of newspapers and magazines where he worked on, personal belongings and documents of people from the poet's surroundings are exhibited here as well as materials of the age, ethnography and published works. Gabdulla Tukay Literary Museum, Kazan, Tatarstan
Gabdulla Tukay Museum in Uralsk Gabdulla Tukay Museum in Uralsk was founded in December 2006. The citizens of Uralsk thought of the Museum creation for ten years. Uralsk is a place where the great Tatar poet lived for twelve years (1895-1907), finished madrasah "Muhkammadiya" and made his first professional progress. At the very beginning G.Tukay published his poems and satiric pamphlets in the local newspaper “Fiker” (“The Thought”) and then in the magazine “Yana Gasyr” (“The New Century”).
The Museum Complex of G.Tukay Head: Talgat K. Gumarov, director Address: 422755, Russia, Tatarstan, Arsk district. Noviy Kyrlay village Phone: +7 (84366) 56710, 56716. The Museum Complex of G.Tukay is located in Noviy Kurlay, Arsky district, Tatarstan Gabdulla Tukay (1886-1913) is a great Tatar poet. G.Tukay Museum is located in Noviy Kurlay, Arsky district, Tatarstan since 1960s. At the very beginning there worked only volunteers and it was a part of the Secondary school named after Gabdulla Tukay. In 1976 the Museum became a state institution and in 1979 it was opened in a separate building. Baki Urmanche, an Honoured Art Worker of RSFSR, was the architecture of it.
The Museum is located on the bank of the Iya river in the public green place with the total area of three hectares. The Museum pieces are kept in six parts and in the territory of a peasant Sagdy’s homestead. One part of the Museum is devoted to the village history and contemporaries of the poet, his fellow-villagers.
Archival materials that represent the work of the poet are the base of the exposition. The main building of the Museum is two-storeyed, made of pine. Sagdy’s homestead represents a homestead of Tatar peasant of the end of XIXth – beginning of the XXth centuries. The collection of G.Tukay works published in his lifetime.
The collection of sculptures of Baki Urmanche, a People’s Artist of the Republic of Tatarstan. The collection of clothes and life items of Kazan Tatars of the end of XIXth – beginning of the XXth centuries.
The collection of paintings of popular Tatar artists. Kazan “Bulgar” hotel furniture. Original belongings of G.Tukay friends and relatives.
The House-Museum of the Tukays, Kushlavych, Arsky district, Tatarstan The Tukays House-Museum was founded in the motherland of the great Tatar poet in 1996 in the village of Kushlavych. The museum is situated in the area of restored estate of mullah Mukhametgariph. The exposition shows the house of the future poet’s parents, its interior.
The fact that G.Tukay was descended from the family of mullah is clearly shown in the men's half of the house. It has similar features with the country madrasah in its appearance. Seven generations of mullahs by the father’s side are known nowadays. The women's half of the house is a world of the mother. It represents a traditional image of the country Tatar house where a lot of things were done by women’s magical hand. The private things of the poet’s mother are kept here. The atmosphere of Lares and Penates is created by an active stove.
The biggest part of the exposition is devoted to the life of G.Tukay, his formation as a citizen, personality and poet. The tomb of the father of the Gabdulla Tukay in the village of Kushlavych The most precious collections are the private things of the poet’s mother, the paintings collection of the painter M.C.Mavrovskaya, the private books and photos of G.Tukay, the collection of rare books dated by the XIXth century as well as the archive of Anas Galiev, a writer from Kushlavych.
Tukay in art The personality and art of Gabdoullah Tukay illume the Tatar culture. He occupies a special place in the Turkic-Tatar spiritual world. The works by Tukay have inspired artists, poets, and writers to create works of art. His verses became truly popular; his lines became sayings and aphorisms. Along with suras of the Koran, they were carrying their Word in shamails, turned into music, representing "mon", the soul of the people... Tatar composer Rezeda Akhiyarova’s opera “Love of the poet” have become a real monument to the work of the poet Gabdulla Tukay. The libretto of the opera was written by Renat Kharis. The first night took place on November 18, 2006 in Kazan. The basic plot of the opera is a love story of Gabdulla Tukay to Zaytuna Mavlyudova. Among real characters there are fictitious ones in the opera. They are Azrail, an angel of death, Shurale and Apush, in whom young Tukay is represented. Azrail is a religious character that pursued Tukay all his life. The opera “The Love of the Poet”
“Shurale” Ballet The “Shurale” ballet is a first national ballet that is the main pride of the Tatar musical theatre nowadays. The ballet was written in 1940 by a 26-year-old talented Tatar composer Farid Yarullin. The same name tale of Gabdulla Tukay, a great Tatar poet, became a base for the ballet plot enriched by the Tatar folklore motifs and images. Real and fabulous characters exist in the ballet as well as truth and fiction are interwoven with each other. The Planet Tukay The personality and art of Gabdoullah Tukay illume the Tatar culture. He occupies a special place in the Turkic-Tatar spiritual world. Consciously or not, the poet comes to our life from childhood. The melodiousness and extraordinary beauty of his style is realised later, when you reread his works. Delicate, nervous, lambent, inspired, ironic, this is how Tukay looks in his publicistic and amorous poetry. It is philosophically deep and modern. At the same time, he is a poet of his time, and the epoch he showed so nicely and deeply rises visibly and graphically.
Prize of the Republic of Tatarstan named after Gabdulla Tukay The State prize of the Republic of Tatarstan named after Gabdulla Tukay has been awarded since 1958. It was instituted by the Decrees of the Tatarstan CPSU Regional committee and Council of Ministers dated April 8, 1958, and October 11, 1965 (it was not awarded in 1961-1965). The State prize of the Republic of Tatarstan named after Gabdulla Tukay is awarded for the most outstanding literary and art (visual, music, dramatic, variety, circus, cinema, architecture and town building) works which got public recognition, made significant contribution to development of domestic and national culture, are distinguished by a high level of professional skills and peculiar author's style, novelty, as well as for outstanding scientific researches in the field of art and literary criticism.
Laureates of the State Prize of the Republic of Tatarstan named after G.Tukay The Poetry Day was traditionally held in the Day of Gabdulla Tukay in Kazan
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