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Endangered Animals of Great Britain Form 6-7
The wildcat The wildcat (Felis silvestris) is a small cat native to Europe, the western part of Asia, and Africa. It is a hunter of small mammals, birds, and other creatures of a similar or smaller size. There are several subspecies distributed in different regions of the world.
Wild species are pale yellow to medium-brown with black stripes or spots. The underparts are light grey, and sometimes marked with black spots. Wildcats range from 45 to 80 centimetres (18 to 31 in) in length, and weigh between 3 and 6 kilograms (6.6 and 13 lb).
The wildcat’s food is insects, small mammals, rabbits, lizards, birds, fish, weasels, scorpions, and even young roe deer or antelopes. It lives in solitude and holds a territory of anything from 1.5 to 12 square kilometres (0.58 to 4.6 sq mi), depending on the local environment. The mother wild cat has from one to five kittens. The kittens weigh between 75 and 150 grams at birth, and are blind and helpless. The eyes open after seven to twelve days, and they begin to hunt live at ten to twelve weeks of age. Wildcats live up to sixteen years in captivity.
The Long-eared Owl The Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) is a species of owl which breeds in Europe, Asia, and North America. The Long-eared Owl is a medium sized owl, 31–37 cm (12-15 in) in length with an 86–98 cm (34-39 in) wingspan. It has blackish ear-tufts in the center of the head. The ear-tufts are used to make the owl appear larger to other owls while perched. The female is larger in size and darker in coloration than the male. The Long-eared Owl’s brownish feathers are vertically streaked.
This bird is partially migratory, moving south in winter from the northern parts of its temperate range. It nests in trees, often coniferous, using the old stick nests of other birds such as crows, ravens. The average clutch size is 4-6 eggs, and the incubation time averages from 25–30 days. Its food is mainly rodents, small mammals, and birds.
The Marsh Fritillary The Marsh Fritillary (Euphydryas aurinia) is a butterfly. It is widespread from Ireland in the West to Yakutia in the. It is more frequent in the south and west of the British Isles. The adult butterflies are gold and brown with a black background. The underside of the wings is patterned with yellow orange and black without any silver coloration at all.
The main food plant of the Marsh Fritillary is the Devil's bit scabious, Succisa pratensis, but can also include the field scabious Knautia arvensis and the small scabious Scabiosa columbaria. The eggs are laid in groups on the underside of the leaves in May and June. Up to 350 are laid in a single batch. They turn from pale yellow when first laid, turn bright yellow, then crimson, and finally to dark grey just prior to hatching. The Marsh Fritillary is protected under British Law. It is listed under Schedule 5 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act, also the EU Habitats and Species Directive .
Bumblebees A bumblebee (also spelled as bumble bee) is any member of the bee genus Bombus, in the family Apidae. There are over 250 known species. Bumblebees have black and yellow body hairs, often in bands. Some species have orange or red on their bodies, or may be entirely black. Like their relatives the honey bees, bumblebees feed on nectar and gather pollen to feed their young. Bumblebees form colonies. These colonies are usually much less extensive than those of honey bees.
Bumblebees visit flowers exhibiting the bee pollination syndrome. They can visit patches of flowers up to 1–2 kilometres from their colony. Bumblebees can reach ground speeds of up to 15 metres per second (54 km/h). When bumblebees arrive at a flower, they get nectar using their long tongue. Many species of bumblebee also exhibit what is known as "nectar robbing“ .
Bumblebees are in danger in many developed countries due to habitat destruction and collateral pesticide damage.
Red Squirrel The red squirrel or Eurasian red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) is a species of tree squirrel. In Great Britain and Ireland, numbers of the red squirrel have decreased drastically in recent years. The red squirrel has a typical head-and-body length of 19 to 23 cm , a tail length of 15 to 20 cm and a mass of 250 to 340 g. The coat of the red squirrel varies in colour with time of year and location. There are several different coat colour morphs ranging from black to red. Red coats are most common in Great Britain. The red squirrel sheds its coat twice a year.
Its strong hind legs enable it to leap gaps between trees. The red squirrel also has the ability to swim. The red squirrel eats seeds of trees, nuts (especially hazelnuts but also beech and chestnuts), berries, young shoots and meat such as bird eggs are also eaten. The red squirrel is protected in most of Europe, as it is listed in Appendix III of the Bern Convention; it is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. In some areas it is abundant and is hunted for its fur.
Water Vole The European Water Vole (Arvicola amphibius, formerly A. terrestris) is a semi-aquatic rodent. It is often informally called the water rat or ratty. Water voles have rounder noses than rats, deep brown fur, chubby faces and short fuzzy ears; unlike rats their tails, paws and ears are covered with hair. Water voles reach 140–220 millimetres in length plus a tail of 55–70 millimetres of this. Adults weigh from 160–350 grams . In the wild, they live for 2 years on average; most do not survive a second winter. In Britain, water voles live in burrows excavated within the banks of rivers, ditches, ponds, and streams. They also live in reed beds .
Water voles mainly eat grass and plants near the water. They like fruits, bulbs, twigs, buds, and roots. The water vole population in the UK has fallen from pre-1960 level of around 8 million to 2.3 million in 1990 and to 354,000 in 1998. On 26 February 2008, the UK Government announced full legal protection for water voles. Across the UK the Wildlife Trusts and other organizations are undertaking many practical projects to conserve and restore water vole populations. There are also indications that the water vole is increasing in numbers in UK areas.
List of endangered species in the British Isles Bottlenose dolphin European Hare European Otter Hazel Dormouse
Western Capercaillie Corn Crake Grey Partridge Red-backed Shrike Skylark
Anguis fragilis Sand Lizard Grass Snake (Natrix natrix)
Источники: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombus http://www.stormfront.org/forum/t507120/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-eared_Owl http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Long-eared_owl.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Squirrel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_water_vole http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bottlenose_Dolphin http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Hare ttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Otter
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