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HISTORY OF LONDON
London is the biggest city in Britain
Over seven million people live in London
It is also an old city, with a long and interesting story
The Romans came to Britain in AD43. They built a town on the river Thames. They called the town Londinium. HISTORY LONDON
Soon, they built a bridge over the river. Londinium grew bigger. Ships came to the town from all over Europe. HISTORY LONDON
William was the Duke of Normandy in France. In 1066 William the Conqueror came to England. HISTORY LONDON
He won the Battle of Hastings and he became King of England.
William lived in London but he was afraid of the people of London He built the White Tower to feel safe. Now it is the tallest part of the Tower of London.
The houses in London were built very close to each other. THEY WERE MADE OF WOOD.
On Saturday 2nd September 1666 there was a big fire. A quarter of a million people lost their homes. But only a few people died. It started in the house of the King’s baker, in Pudding Lane, near London
People built houses again after the Great Fire.
But this time they built them of stone and brick. The city grew larger and larger. By 1830, there were more than one and a half million people in London.
The railways came
and there were factories all over the city
It has always been at the centre of the city The river Thames is part of London’s history
Until 1749, there was only one bridge across the river: London Bridge. There were houses and shops on the bridge.
Often, the river froze in the winter and people walked on the ice.
Now there are more than twenty bridges over the river Thames.
Many of the Thames’ bridges are lit up at night.
They look very beautiful.
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