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The Royal Family
The Queen Queen Elizabeth II was born on 21 April, 1926 at 17 Bruton Street, London. Her birthday is officially celebrated in Britain on the second Saturday of June each year. The day is referred to as ‘the Trooping of the Colour;, the official name is ‘the Queen’s Birthday Parade. Queen Elizabeth II is a ‘constitutional monarch’. This means that although she is officially the head of the country, the country is actually ran by the government, led by the Prime Minister.
The Royal Family Tree Queen Elizabeth II The Queen’s Sons and Daughter Charles, Prince of Wales Anne, Princess Royal Andrew, Duke of York Edward, Earl of Essex The Queen’s Grandchildren Prince William and Prince Harry of Wales Peter Phillips and Zara Phillips Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie of York Lady Louise Windsor and James, Viscount Severns Formerly married to Princess Diana Formerly married to Mark Philips Formerly married to Sarah Ferguson Married to Sophie Rhys-Jones
Prince Charles (1948- ) Charles Philip Arthur George Mountbatten-Windsor was born on 14 November 1948 at Buckingham Palace. He is the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. The Prince of Wales is well known for his charity work. The Prince is also well known for his high profile marriages to the late Lady Diana Spencer and subsequently to Camilla, The Duchess of Cornwall.
On 29 July 1981, The Prince of Wales married Lady Diana Spencer in St Paul's Cathedral. The marriage ended in divorce on 28 August 1996. It had produced two sons, Prince William and Prince Henry. First marriage
On 10 February 2005, it was announced by Clarence House that The Prince of Wales and Camilla Parker Bowles would marry on 8 April of that year, in a civil ceremony at Windsor Castle. On Monday 4 April, it was announced that the wedding would be delayed for one day to 9 April. Second marriage
Prince William (1982- ) The Prince of Wales's eldest son, Prince William, is second in line to the throne. He was born in 1982.
Prince William attended Mrs Mynor's Nursery School in west London from 24th September, 1985, when he was three years old. Prince William was a pupil at Wetherby School, also in west London, from 15th January, 1987, until 5th July, 1990. At the age of seven, he won the Grunfield Cup awarded to the boy with the best overall swimming style. Prince William sang in the 1987, 1988 and 1989 Christmas concerts. William's childhood
Graduation Prince William greets well-wishers after his graduation from the St Andrews University in Scotland The Prince said his graduation was a 'very special day' and he was delighted to share it with his family. Her Majesty The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh arrive at the Younger Hall to attend Prince William's graduation from university. Prince William expressed his gratitude towards the people of St Andrews and Fife Police, who, he said had made it possible for him to have as 'normal' a life as possible. Prince William and his grandmother The Queen talk to University Principal Dr Brian Ing after the graduation ceremony. On June 23rd, Prince William has graduated with a 2:1 Master of Arts (Honours) in Geography after four years of study at St Andrews University in Scotland.
Prince Henry - always known as Prince Harry - is third in line of succession to the throne, behind his father, The Prince of Wales, and his elder brother, Prince William. He was born on 21st December 1984 in London. Prince Harry (1984- )
Harry studied at Mrs. Jane Mynors's nursery school in West London, the same as William. In June 2003, he finished Eton college with two A-levels in Geography and Art, of grades D and B respectively. At school, he developed his love of sport, particularly polo and rugby union. Harry's childhood
November 2003 Prince Harry in action for the Young England team as they beat Young Australia 6-4 in their Polo test match in Sydney's Richmond district, Australia. 15.08.2003: Prince Harry has passed his A level examinations. Here he is pictured at Eton College, before leaving school in June 2003.
Facts About the Queen Where does the Queen live? The Queen lives at Buckingham Palace in London The official title of the Queen: ‘Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.; When did Queen Elizabeth II come to the throne? She came to the throne on February 6, 1952 upon the death of her father, King George VI. Her coronation, at Westminster Abbey, followed on June 2, 1953. Who is the Queen married to? The Queen is married to the HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. They married on 20 November 1947.
Britain‘s Political System ... The British Monarchy itself Its Sovereign...her functions...and her powers The Government Parliament: - The House of Commons - The House of Lords Royal finances Advantages and Disadvantages of the system
The British Monarchy The Monarchy is the oldest institution of government in the United Kingdom The Monarchy began to exist in the 9th century The United Kingdom is one of six hereditary constitutional monarchies within the European Community
The Queen and her functions... Mostly representative functions Signs bills passed by Parliament into law head of state and on the basis of law the head of the executive, head of the judicature, chief over the kings forces and head of the Anglican church
...and her power recalls, adjures and dissolves the parliament gives agreement to billfolds, which have been passed in both chambers appoints the prime minister, government ministers, judges,officers,forces,diplomats and bishops Bestows honour titles and pricings The monarch has to be independent
The Government The Prime Minister (Tony Blair) He is the head of the Government The Government‘s power is concentrated in the hand of the Prime Minister He appears not to have much power but in reality he has a very great deal indeed He is the leader of his party The Cabinet Started in the eighteenth century The members of the Cabinet are chosen by the PM and may or may not have a government department under them The Cabinet meets once a week and takes decisions about e.g. new policies ...
The House of Lords it has two parts: the church and the world part with lords as members ca.1.100 members but 400 of them take part in meetings has a lot of power in politicc, it acts in an advisory capacity If there is a new law in the H.o.C., it goes to an advisory in the H.o.L. in 1999 there was a reform - no hereditary peers anymore, only life peers = since 1949 billfords can‘t be blocked by the H.o.L: = the H.o.L can only stop new laws for max. one year
The House of Commons The members of the H.o.C. are elected by geographical constituencies 651 members The H.o.C. works on laws and the members agree to the laws or not
Royal Finances Civil List -is provided by Parliament to meet the official expense of the Queen as Head of State. -about 70% of Civil List expenditure goes to pay the salaries of staff working directly for the Oueen ( dealing with State papers ......) -the Queen´s Civil List has been fixed at 7.9 million per annum until 2011. Grand- in- Aid The state has met the cost of maintaining Royal residences since1697,providing the monarch with an annual sum known as grand-in-Aid to keep the buildings in good repair. - Each year the Royal family carries out about 2.600 official engagements in the United Kingdom and overseas. Privy Purse the principal responsibility of the Privy Purse office is to manage the sovereign´s private income from the Duchy of Lancaster. multimillion – dollar jewelery collection. -she owns Balmoral Castle,Sandringham castle, Buckingham and Kensington Palaces,Windsor castle and Clarence house. Private income- the taxpayer funded the royal family to the tune about $ 51 million in 2000-01. the tourism – industry fuels the state with $ 93 billion a year.
The Monarchy Advantages - the Sovereign is always aware of her constitutional position and the need to remain politically neutral. the government must not bring the Royal Family into party politics. The monarch is a sharp observer of the political scene The country has a sense of stability and a guarantee of continuity an elected head of state could never give Disadvantages - The British monarchy is considered to be a very costly business and an anachronistic and undemocratic institution - marital difficulties have subjected the Queen‘s children to severe media pressure
The Queen’s Guards Household Cavalry Foot Guards Yeoman Wardens The men you see in front of Buckingham Palace (and other locations in London as well as Windsor) are the Queen's Guard. As well as upholding the traditions of the past through their ceremonial duties, the Foot Guards also carry out operational duties in the UK and throughout the world as professional soldiers
Royal Coat of Arms On the left, the shield is supported by the English Lion On the right, the shield is supported by the Unicorn of Scotland The coat features both the British motto: Dieu et mon droit (God and my right) and the motto of the Order of the Garter: Honi soit qui mal y pense ('Evil to him who evil thinks')
Buckingham Palace Buckingham Palace is where the Queen lives. Buckingham Palace is the Queen's official and main royal London home. It has been the official London residence of Britain's monarchy since 1837. Queen Victoria was the first monarch to live there. Buckingham Palace is not only the home of the Queen and Prince Philip but also the London residence of the Duke of York (Prince Andrew) and the Earl and Countess of Wessex (Prince Edward and his wife) and their daughter
Questions What is the Queen’s name? When is her birthday? Name two facts about the Queen. How many different types of Guards are there? Who is Andrew, Duke of York? Name three of the Queen’s grandchildren. What is the British motto? Who lives in Buckingham Palace?
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