Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Прямая речь– это речь, переданная дословно, без изменений. Direct and Reported Speech (Понятие о прямой и косвенной речи) Косвенная речь – это передача чьих-либо слов своими словами.
Sequence of Tenses (правило согласования времен)
Questions Если главное предложение глагол-сказуемое стоит в одной из форм прошедшего времени, нужно преобразовать глагол- сказуемое в придаточном, поменять местоимения согласно смыслу высказывания, а также изменить порядок слов. Общий вопрос: Peter: "Do you play football?" - Peter asked me whether (if) I played football. Специальный вопрос: Peter: "When do you play football?" - Peter asked me when I played football.
Am, is, are S V1+ing? Was, were S V1+ing? Do/does S V1? Did S V1? Have/has S V3? Will S V1? Can S V1? Слова автора If S was, were V1+ing had been V1+ing V2/ V1 +ed had V3 had V3 would V1 could V1 Слова автора S am, is, are S V1+ing? was, were S V1+ing? do/does S V1? did S V1? have/has S V3? will S V1? can S V1? Вопросительное слово was, were V1+ing had been V1+ing V2/ V1 +ed had V3 had V3 would V1 could V1 Вопросительное слово General question Special question
Прямая речь He says, “I sent them the letter.” Он говорит : “Я послал им письмо.” Если глагол в главном предложении стоит в Present Tenses, то глагол в косвенной речи в прид. предл. остается в том же времени что и в прямой речи: Косвенная речь He says, that he sent them the letter. Он говорит, что он послал им письмо.
He tells them, “I can help you.” При переводе прямой речи в косвенную местоимения изменяются согласно требованиям логики. He tells them that he can help them.
tell + to + infinitive Affirmative commands Negative commands Father: "Do your homework." Teacher. "Don't talk to your neighbor." Father told me to do my homework. The teacher told me not to talk to my neighbor.
1.He said, ‘Where is Jill going?’ A He asked where was Jill going. В He asked where Jill is going. С He asked where Jill was going. 2.The doctor asked, ‘How do you feel?’ A The doctor asked how did I feel. В The doctor asked how I felt. С The doctor asked how I had felt. 3. ‘Will you be free tomorrow?’ Colin asked Richard. A Richard asked would Colin be free the next day. В Colin asked Richard if he would be free the following day. С Colin asked if Richard will be free tomorrow. Exercises
Exercises 4. ‘Don’t open the door or answer the phone,’ said her parents. A Her parents said to her not to open the door or answer the phone. В Her parents told her not to open the door and to answer the phone. С Her parents told her neither to open the door nor to answer the phone. 5. ‘Why hasn’t he locked the car door?’ the policeman said. A The policeman asked why he hadn’t locked the car door. В The policeman asked why hadn’t he locked the car door. С The policeman asked why he didn’t lock the car door. 6. The teacher said to us, ‘Be quiet, please.’ A The teacher asked us be quiet. В The teacher told us to be quiet. С The teacher said to us to be quiet.
Передайте следующие предложения в косвенной речи
a) 'You can't park here.' The police officer told Jack …......... b) 'I'll see you in the morning, Helen.' Peter told Helen......... c) 'I'm taking the 5.30 train tomorrow evening.' Janet said .......... d) 'The trousers have to be ready this afternoon.' Paul told the dry-cleaners…. e) ' I left my umbrella here two days ago.' Susan told them ......... f) 'The parcel ought to be here by the end of next week.' Brian said… g) 'I like this hotel very much.' Diana told me ...….. Rewrite each sentence in indirect speech
h) 'I think it's going to rain tonight. William said....... I) 'What time does the film start, Peter?' I asked… j) 'Do you watch television every evening, Chris ?' The interviewer asked…. k) 'Why did you apply for this job?' asked the sales manager. The sales manager asked me.... l) 'Are you taking much money with you to France?' My bank manager wanted to know......... m) 'When will I know the results of the examination?' Maria asked the examiner …...
n) 'Are you enjoying your flight?' The stewardess asked me.............. o) 'How does the photocopier work?'I asked the salesman............... p) 'Have you ever been to Japan, Paul?' Sue asked Paul ….... q)'I want to know how much this bike costs. Can you tell me?' John asked how….... r) Don't worry, I'll help you.' Sue told me…......
The end Thank you for attention
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