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Mikhail Vasilievich Lomonosov (1711 – 1765)
Our great compatriot M.V.Lomonosov was born in a fisherman’s family in the village of Denisovka near Kholmogory, Arkhangelsk Gubernia on November the 19th, 1711.
His father’s name was Vasiliy Dorofeevich. His mother’s name was Elena Ivanovna. She died when their son was only nine years old.
When Mikhail was 8 his father began to take him to the White Sea to fish. Such journeys were very difficult.
At an early age Mikhail learned to read and write through church books.
When he was 19, Lomonosov set out on foot for Moscow where he entered the Slavonic -Greek- Latin Academy.
The Academy was closed to peasants and Lomonosov had to hide his peasant origin and pretend to be of noble birth. Here he studied Latin and mastered it in a short period of time.
Lomonosov was hard up, for his only income was a scholarship of three kopecks a day.
Mikhail was a brilliant pupil and in 1736 he was sent abroad to study chemistry and metallurgy.
While abroad Lomonosov studied philosophy, physics, mathematics and foreign languages.
In 1742 Mikhail Lomonosov returned to St.Petersburg. Four years later he was appointed a professor and elected a member of the Academy.
Lomonosov fought for Russian science and enlightenment. In the words of A. Pushkin “Lomonosov was a great man… . He founded the first Russian University; or to express it more correctly he himself was our first university”.
Lomonosov was a patriot of Russian science. He made a lot of discoveries in all spheres of life.
Lomonosov studied chemistry, physics, astronomy, geology, geography, linguistics, history, poetry, painting.
Mikhail Vasilievich was also a well-known poet and painter.
Lomonosov’s mosaic work
Moscow State University was established in 1755 by Mikhail Lomonosov. The university was renamed in honor of its founder in 1940. Now it is one of the popular and prestige universities in our country.
Mikhail Vasilievich Lomonosov died in 1765. He was 53 years old. Lomonosov was buried at the Alexander Nevsky Monastery.
Russia is proud of Lomonosov very much, because he is the first serious Russian scientist.
"He is a genius who could make the glory of a century" (P.-SH. Leveque)
Quiz 1.What is the name of the village where Lomonosov was born? 2.What is his mother’s name? 3.How did Lomonosov learn to read and write? 4.What was his father? 5.When did Lomonosov set out for Moscow? 6.How did he get to Moscow? 7.Where did he study in Moscow? 8.What scholarship did he get? 9.What subjects did he study abroad? 10.Who said these words:”Lomonosov was a great man. He founded the first Russian University; or to express it more correctly he himself was our first University.”?