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My Crimea Project work by pupil 11 form School of Tselinnoye Diana Skripnichenko Tselinnoye 2015
The first people appeared in Crimea about a hundred thousand years ago. Later on the Crimean Peninsula at different times was inhabited by the Tauri and the Cimmerians, Scythians and Greeks, Sarmatians and Romans, Goths, Huns, Avars, Bulgarians, Khazars, and now. History of Crimea - their lives and accomplishments. The main objectives of this project are: to describe the relationship of the language and history of the Crimean Tatar people, to highlight the features of the national and cultural specificity, to instill respect for the traditions and customs of people who live in Crimea
History of the Crimea
Crimean Tatar Language The Crimean Tatars language belong to the Turkic group of languages. The basis of its vocabulary is the:
Holidays of the Crimean Tatars Traditionally the Crimean Tatars celebrate the Moslem and the national holidays.
Oraza Bairam is a holiday of the Fast, a period of 30 days going without food at daytime in the month of Ramazan.
Ramazan Ramazan means «to burn» so the fast burns all sins. The duty of the Moslem is giving supper to at least one man who observes the fast. It is called «iftar bermek». They also give alms «sadaka». The Fast is kept during four days.
The man after the Morning Prayer call on the cemetery. They offer prayers at the graves of their relatives, and only then come back home. At home everyone greets each other with the words: I congratulate you 0n the sacred holiday! The younger kisses the hand of the elder who answers him: « The same to you. Live long!»
Kurban Bairam Kurban Bairam is one of the main Moslem Holidays. It is celebrated for four days. After establishment of Islam offering took place in Kaaba, later the Moslem got the right to make offering at their places of residence.
Every well-to-do Moslem offers a sheep or a goat.
He gives the meat for the poor, orphans and lonely old men-as if to pray for forgiveness and receive blessing of God.
ASHIR KUNYU Ashir Kunyu (Memorial Day) is marked as a day of memory of the sons of Caliph Ali Usein and Asan. During a month the ritual dish «ashir ash» is cooked. The neighbors are treated to «ashir ash». They thank with saying: For the repose of the soula of Asan and Usein».
NAVREZ Navrez (originally New Day) is marked on 21 March when the day equals the night. One week before Navrez the housewife gets ready for it: she whitewashes the house and brings everything in order.
Men get ready for ploughing:they repair their agricultural implements.
Boys and girls go from house singing New Year songs. Girls decorate their hair with Navrez chechegi. The children greet the master of the house with a Navrez song: «Bright spring has come! Navrez smells of blue snow green, Today happy Navrez has come!»
All men used to go to the field. The oldest and the most respectable man after reading a prayer, led the first furrow, he threw into the earth first seeds of the future harvest.
KHYDIRLEZ Khydirlez is marked on the first Friday of May. The holiday got its name from two Moslem saints Khydir and Ilyas.
On this day every family tries to plant a tree: men-an apple tree, women- a pear tree or flowers. Crimean Tatars try to celebrate this holiday in the open air near a spring.
To crown the holiday all dance Khoran, symbolizing unity of people.
DERVIZA Dervisa is an autumn holiday marked on September 22. The name of the holiday means «Entering the New World». On the day of holiday girls disperse the ashes in the field, boys clean the cattle-sheds. A community of some village near the holy place, Aziz, organizes a holiday. The feast begins with a prayer and offering a ram.
There are competitions of singers, dancers and poets. Men take part in the national wrestling «Kuresh».
On this day the Crimean Tatars review the results of their activity from Khydirlez to Derviza. They complete sowing of spring crops.
At this time weddings begin to be celebrated.
Holidays of Crimean Tatars are family, distinguished by original traditions and customs.
CONCLUSION I love my Crimea, I respect its citizens, everywhere greeted with warm and hospitality. We are all, Russians, Ukrainians, Crimean Tatars live together, experiencing the changes of our history, celebrate holidays, proud of the great victories, mourn lost their life and have preserved for us the beautiful Crimea.
Thank you for your attention!
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