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Презентация по английскому языку на тему "Active and Passive voice" (9 класс)
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Ағылшын тілінде 2 етіс бар. Олар: негізгі және ырықсыз етіс. Сөйлемде іс-әрекет баяндауышпен орындалса, онда ол негізгі етіс. Сөйлемде іс-әрекеттің атқарушысы, қимыл иесі арнайы айтылмай, қимыл өздігінен істелгендігі көрініп тұрса, ондай етіс ырықсыз етіс деп аталады. The Active Voice The Passive Voice Tense Subject Verb Object PresentSimple Active: Aruzhan writes a letter. Passive: A letter is written by Aruzhan. Past Simple Active: Aruzhan wrote a letter. Passive: A letter was written by Aruzhan. Future Simple Active: Aruzhan will write a letter. Passive: A letter will be written by Aruzhan.
Ырықсыз to be көмекші етістігінің сәйкес шақ түрлерінің тұлғасы мен мағынасы етістіктің есімше II ( Participle II) арқылы жасалады. Осылайша ырықсыз етісте етістікті жіктеген кезде тек to be көмекші етістігі ғана өзгереді, ал мағыналық етістіктің II есімше (Participle II) өзгеріссіз қалады. Present Simple Past Simple Future Simple am is (not) are was Were will (not) be Participle II (III form,-ed) Егер сөйлемге іс -әрекетті жасаған тұлғаны қосатын болсақ, ол сөйлемге by көмекші сөзі арқылы енгізіледі. She was given flowers by Steve. (not)
Task 1. Choose A (=active) or P (= passive). 1. I'm paid twice a month. 2. She opened the door. 3. Renault cars are made in France. 4. Are any classes taught at weekends? 5. Do you study at weekends? 6. The policeman helped us. 7. We were helped by the policeman. 8. The President was photographed by the journalists. 9. The journalists photographed the President. 10. The Discovery Civilization channel is watched by millions of people.
Complete the sentences (Active or Passive Voice). 1. He (sell) cars. 2. The blue car (sell) . 3. In summer, more ice-cream (eat) than in winter. 4. She (call) her grandparents every Friday. 5. The letters (type) . 6. We (go) to school by bus. 7. She (work / not) for a bank. 8. They (visit) their granny. 9. We (visit) by our teacher. 10. She (go) to school in Boston. 11. The new shopping centre (build) last year. 12. The film (produce / not) in Hollywood. 13. Barbara (know) James very well. 14. We (spend / not) all day on the beach. 15. The house (build) here. 16. You (send) home. 17. I (eat) an ice-cream. 18. I (help) you. 19. The match (win / not) by our team. 20. The weather (improve / not) tomorrow. 21. They (do / not) that again.
Group work Students answer the given questions. Then they find the sentences in the passive voice. The first group will do the presentation on the question “What is special about the place where the Niowra tribe lives?” The second one - “What is ‘The Crocodile Nest’ and why do the boys go there?”
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Шалова Айгүл Өмірқызы
Астана қаласы, ББ, №56 мектеп-лицей
Ағылшын тілі пәнінің мұғалімі
Деңгейлік бағдарлама бойынша
Active voice and passive voice
Students learn when and how to use the passive voice.
Learning outcomes by the end of the lesson
Students will be able to form the passive voice.
Students will be able to differentiate between the active and passive voice.
Students will know when and how the passive voice is used.
Visual aids & equipment
Interactive board, copy books, strips of paper with active-voice sentences, pictures
English in mind 3
The strategies used
ICT, critical thinking, dialogues, matching
Stages of the lesson
The teacher’s activities
The students’ activities
I Organizational moment
Greeting the class.
Create the classroom environment and divide the class into two groups.
Wish each other good wishes
ІІ Warm up
Play the game “Jeopardy”.
They answer the questions for 100-500$.
Show the students a picture. Then ask them a question about the picture, which elicits an active-voice response. Write down the answer on the board, and tell them that there is another way to answer the question with the passive voice.
There are two sentences. What can you tell about these two sentences?
- Where is the sentence in Active Voice and Passive Voice?
-What tenses are used in these sentences?
They should guess the answers.
IV Understanding Active vs. Passive Voice
Active voice is the voice used to indicate that the subject of the sentence is performing the action or causing the action. Passive voice is the voice used when the subject is the recipient of the action. Strong writing uses active voice. Passive voice should only be used in the following instances:
- When intentionally hiding the subject of the sentence. For example, a politician might say, "Mistakes were made."
- When intentionally truing to minimize the guilt of the subject. For example, a cheating husband might respond, "Adultery was committed by me."
- When passive voice better emphasizes the main point of the passage. For example, Children were harmed by unlicensed bus drivers.
Task 1 Choose A (=active) or
P (= passive).
Task 2 Make Passive sentences in Present Simple
Task 3 Make Passive sentences in Past Simple
Task 4 Make Passive sentences in Future Simple
Task 5 Make Active sentences in Passive
V Work in pairs
Give students cards and tell them to complete the sentences in the passive voice.
Then, students complete the sentences in the passive voice.
VI Race Game
Divide the class into two teams. Once the game is over, look at a few sentences on the board to ensure that the class understands the passive voice.
Each team forms a single file in front of the chalkboard with an active voice sentence written on a paper. Once the instructor says, “GO”, each student must write their sentence on the board in the passive voice. The first team goes through, each member wins.
VII Group work
Ex 1 p 40 ‘Where boys become crocodile men’
Ask students to read the text quickly and answer the questions.
Then they find the sentences in the passive voice.
The first group will do the presentation on the question “What is special about the place where the Niowra tribe lives?”
The second one - “What is the ‘The Crocodile Nest’ and why do the boys go there?”
Ask the students to do the following task: “How well do you know each other?” Take a guess and complete the sentences:
For your next birthday, you will be given…
At the weekend, you really enjoy…
For your next holiday, you want…
When you can, you avoid…
If you move away from this town, you will miss…
Work with a partner.
IX Feed back
Ask the students to write down their opinion about the lesson.
I like ………………………...
It was difficult for me ………………………………
In the future ………………………………
X Home assignment
Give the home task
To translate the sentences from Kazakh into English
Evaluate the success or failure based on the in class exercises.
Ask the following questions:
What is the active voice?
When is the passive voice used?
Can you give any examples in the passive voice?
Answer the questions. Give their examples.
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