Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Akmola Province (Kazakh: Ақмола облысы, Aqmola oblısı Russian: Акмолинская область, Akmolinskaya oblast) The region is located in the northern part of the country with the area of 146.2 sq.km.
The region possesses significant economic potential and natural resources It is bordered on the West - Kostanay, North - with the North Kazakhstan, Pavlodar region in the East and in the South of Karaganda region.
Region`s capital is Kokshetau The capital of the Kazakhstan, Astana, is enclosed by the region, but is politically separate from Akmola Region
The province's population is 748,300 Population density – 5,1 people per 1 sq km
Ethnic composition Ethnic Kazakhs account for 43.5% of the population, compared to 36.5% for Russians Kazakhs 310835 43,5 % Russians 283052 38,64 % Ukrainians 45935 6,22 % Germans 30124 4,08 % Byelorussians 14684 1,99 % Tatars 14645 1,98 % Poles 9242 1,25 % Ingushes 5467 0,74 % Chechens 3536 0,48 % Bashkirs 2304 0,31 % Moldovans 2001 0,27 % Azerbaijanians 1801 0,24 % Udmurtts 1461 0,20 % Koreans 1298 0,18 % Maries 1177 0,16 % Mordvins 1117 0,15 % Armenians 1111 0,15 % Anothers 8220 1,11 %
The province is administratively divided into seventeen districts Akkol District, with the administrative center in the town of Akkol; Arshaly District, the settlement of Arshaly; Astrakhan District, selo of Astrakhanka; Atbasar District, the town of Atbasar; Bulandy District, the town of Makinsk; Burabay District, the town of Shchuchinsk; Egindikol District, the selo of Egindikol; Enbekshilder District, the town of Stepnyak; Ereymentau District, the town of Ereymentau; Esil District, the town of Esil; Korgalzhyn District, the selo of Korgalzhyn; Sandyktau District, the selo of Balkashino; Shortandy District, the settlement of Shortandy; Tselinograd District, the selo of Akmol; Zerendi District, the selo of Zerendi; Zhaksy District, the settlement of Zhaksy; Zharkain District, the town of Derzhavinsk 8 towns of district subordination (Akkol, Atbasar, Derzhavinsk, Yereimentau, Esil, Makinsk, Stepnyak, Shuchinsk), 5 urban settlements and 660 villages and auls.
In October of 1861 year, according to the «Provisional regulations for government in steppes provinces» was built Akmola region with administrative center – Omsk city The population of region, in that time, was about 500 000 people, and number of was kazakhs was about 100 000 people
The region divided for uyezds - Akmolinsk, Kokchetav, Omsk, Petropavlovsk and Atbasar The main city of Akmolinsk uyezd was – Akmolinsk city (Tselinograd, Akmola and now Astana). In 1868 became a district centre with a population of 10 thousand people.
In a century time Akmola region was abolished, and it added in Virgin lands In March of 1961 year Akmolinsk was renamed as Tselinograd, In 1992 year – Akmola, In 1998 - Astana
Now Astana city is the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Astana became the youngest capital in the world is a city is the largest business, diplomatic, trade and cultural center. All governmental organizations, the diplomatic missions of 44 countries and 113 joint ventures and foreign businesses are located here.
The climate is sharply continental. Summer is short, warm, and winters are long and cold, with strong winds and snowstorms. The minimum temperature is more than minus 40 C, with maximum plus 44 degrees C.
Relief of the territory is diverse: the biggest part is covered with steppes, river valleys, forested mountains.
The fauna is very rich and diverse: 55 species of mammal, 180 species of birds, 300 species of waterfowl and other The fauna is very rich and diverse: 55 species of mammal, 180 species of birds, 300 species of waterfowl and other
On the territory of the region there are State national natural parks «Kokshetau» and «Burabai», Korgalzhyn State nature reserve of international importance.
The region has explored unique in their composition and scale of the reserves of gold, silver, uranium, molybdenum, technical diamonds, kaolin and Muscovite, as well as iron ore, coal, dolomite, minerals, mineral waters and healing mud
Agricultural production is one of priority branches of the economy. The region produces the fourth part of the Republican volume of high-quality food wheat.
Developed network of enterprises for processing agricultural raw materials (meat, butter-making plants, mills, grain-processing enterprises, production of beverages), light industry (sewing and textile production)
The region occupies a territory favorable for development of tourist business. Great opportunities for the development of domestic tourism have many districts of the region. There is a developed network of rest houses, sanatoriums, tourist bases, sanatoriums, boarding houses, etc.