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William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised) – 23 April 1616) [was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist
Stratford-upon-Avon's Clock Tower William Shakespeare was born and brought up in Stratford-upon-Avon. His father was a rich citizen whose business was making and selling leather gloves. His mother was the daughter of an important farmer. When he was nineteen, William married Anne. She was a farmer's daughter and she was some years older than himself. During that years he may have helped his father in the family business or he may have been a country schoolmaster for a time.
Anne Hathaway's Cottage, once the home of Shakespeare's wife's family.
W. Shakespeare and his wife
Shakespeare had three children: Susannah, the eldest, then twins - a son, Hamnet, and another girl, Judith. In 1587 Shakespeare went to work in London, leaving Anne and the children at home.
Some years later Shakespeare began to write plays. The parents did not even guess that their son would be such an important figure in English poetry and drama and that his plays would still be acted hundred years later in England and all over the world. By 1592 Shakespeare was an important member of well-known company.
In 1599 the famous Globe Theatre was built on the south bank of the river Thames. In that theatre most of his plays were performed. It was a round building with the stage in the center, open to the sky. If it was raining, the actors got wet; if the weather was too bad, there was no performance at all. By 1603 Shakespeare was the leading poet and dramatist of his time. He continued to write for the next ten years.
Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613.His early plays were mainly comedies and histories, genres he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the end of the 16th century. He then wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet,King Lear, Othello, and Macbeth, considered some of the finest works in the English language. In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances, and collaborated with other playwrights.
He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". His extant works, including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses
In 1613 he finally stopped writing and went to live in Stratford where he died in 1616. He is buried in Stratford-on-Avon
The Royal Shakespeare Theatre from the Bancroft Gardens
From which plays are the words… To be, or not to be. All the world's a stage. And you, Brutus! All is well that ends well. …wise men ne'er sit and wail their loss, But cheerly seek how to redress their harms. ‘All’s well that ends well’ 'As You Like It ' 'Hamlet, Prince of Denmark' ‘ Julius Caesar’ ‘ Henry VI, part 3 ’
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