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Canada The capital of Canada is Ottawa. In Canada there are people of many nationalities. There are two official languages in this country, English and French. English spoken in Canada is a bit different from British English: there are some pronunciation and grammatical differences. The red and write Canadian flag shows a leaf of the maple tree , which grows in North America. The maple leaf is the official emblem of Canada.
Great Britain Great Britain is an island nation. Usually it is shortened to the United Kingdom or UK or Great Britain. It's one of the world's smallest countries - it's twice smaller than France or Spain. However, there are only nine other countries with more people, and London is the world's seventh biggest city. In Britain you can meet people of many different nationalities. The capital of the UK is London. The official language is English. Do you know that English is made up of Anglo-Saxon, French and Latin? It also includes a lot of words from Greek and other languages, even Russian.
New Zealand New Zealand is a small country in the Pacific Ocean. It consists of two major islands. When it's summer in Europe, it's winter in New Zealand. But the school year still starts in autumn — in February! When it's time to go to bed in Europe, It's time to go to work in New Zealand. The capital of New Zealand is Wellington. The population of country is mixed. Some people came from Britain many years ago. Some Maori people lived here before the British came. Official languages are English and Maori. But English is spoken in very unusual way in New Zealand. It is often called Kiwi English. New Zealand is sometimes called «The Worlds Biggest Farm». It is famous for its products: butter, cheese, meat.
Australia Australia is the biggest island and the smallest continent in the world. It lies between the Indian and the Pacific Oceans. It's a large country, but its population is only 18,3 million people. There are «original Australians» who lived here long ago but most of population came to Australia from Britain, Ireland and other countries years ago. At present in Australia there are a lot of people from Russia. The capital of Australia is Canberra. English is the official language in Australia. But English spoken in Australia is a bit different from British English and American English. Sometimes Australia is called «Oz» or «the Lucky Country». One reason is the wonderful riches under the earth: gold, silver, iron, coal and many precious metals.
USA United States one of the most powerful and advanced countries world. The capital of the USA is Washington, though some people think it's New York. This famous city is the financial and cultural center of the USA. The USA has the third largest population in the world. English is the official language in the USA. But the English language spoken in this country is known as American English. There are some differences between British and American English. For example a film in Britain is a movie in America, a postman is a mailman, the underground is the subway. But people speaking British English can be easily understood in the US. No problem. The second important language in the United States is Spanish. The motto of the country is «In God We Trust»
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