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Arthur Conan Doyle
The novelist, poet, short story writer and doctor Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle was born on 22nd May 1859 in Edinburgh, Scotland into the family of an Englishman Charles Altamont Doyle and Irish descendant née Mary Foley. In 1876 Conan Doyle enrolled in the University of Edinburgh to pursue medicine and completed his internship in the city of Aston. During his studies, Conan Doyle simultaneously wrote short stories which were first published in Chambers' s Edinburgh Journal.
In June of 1882 Conan Doyle settled in Southsea, Portsmouth, England, where he opened his own successful medical practice. He continued to write and travelled often to London. In 1900 Conan Doyle served as a doctor at the Longman Hospital during the South African War. His first of many war-related works, The Great Boer War (1900), was followed by The War in South Africa: its Cause and Conduct (1902), which earned him the title Knight bachelor in 1902 from King Edward VII.
In 1885, Conan Doyle married Louisa Hawkins who died from tuberculosis on 4th July 1906. They had 2 children namely Mary Louise and Arthur Alleyne Kingsley. In 1907, Conan married Jean Elizabeth Leckie whom he met in 1897 but had maintained a platonic relationship. They later had three children namely Denis Percy Stewart, Adrian Malcolm and Jean Lena Annette.
Doyle’s first major work was A Study in Scarlet, featured in 1887 Beeton's Christmas Annual. It is the first story to feature the character of Sherlock Holmes, who would later become one of the most famous literary detective characters.
Sherlock Holmes is a fictional detective. A brilliant London-based "consulting detective", Holmes is famous for his astute logical reasoning, his ability to take almost any disguise, and his forensic science skills to solve difficult cases.
Holmes, who first appeared in publication in 1887, was featured in four novels and 56 short stories. The character grew tremendously in popularity with the beginning of the first series of short stories in Strand Magazine in 1891; The stories cover a period from around 1880 up to 1907, with a final case in 1914.
Conan Doyle died of a heart attack on the 7th July 1930 at "Windlesham", Crowborough and is buried in the Church Yard at Minstead in Hampshire, England. Sir Arthur’s last words were dedicated to his wife: "You are wonderful."
A statue of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle is at Crowborough Cross in East Sussex, England, where he lived for 23 years.
Sherlock Holmes’s statue is also honoured in Picardy Place, Edinburgh, Scotland, near to Sir Arthur’s birth place.