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Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World War 1 and 2. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy.
Population -323,056 (8th ) Area -805 sq. km Canberra is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Australia. The city is located at the northern end of the Australian capital Territory. As the seat of the government of Australia, Canberra is the site of Parliament House, the High Court of Australia and numerals government departments and agencies. It is also the location of many social and cultural institutions of national significance, such as the National Gallery of Australia and the National Museum of Australia.
National library National Hospital Parliament House National Museum of Australia (2001)
Canberra School of Art Shopping Centre Telstra Tower The Floriade flower festival attracts many tourists each spring.
Population - 4,119,190 (1st ) Area -12144sq.km Established -26 January 1788 Sydney is the most populous city in Australia and the state capital of New South Wales. Sydney is located on Australia’s south-east coast. Its nickname is “the Harbour City” It is Australia’s largest financial centre. Sydney’s leading economic sectors include property and business services, manufacturing, tourism, media ,health, and community services. The World Famous Bondi Beach on a Winter Day
Sydney Opera House Sydney University Central Business District
The Chinese Garden of Friendship
Sport in Sydney is an important part of the culture. Sydney has many natural areas even within the city centre: Chinese Garden of Friendship, Hyde park, the Domain, and the Royal Botanic Gardens. There are many netball, field hockey, ice hockey, cricket and golf teams in Australia. Canberra also has numerous sporting ovals, golf courses, skate parks, tennis courts and swimming pools that are open to the public. Canberra’s largest stadium Winter sports in Australia are sailing, rowing and water skiing .
The Red Kangaroo The Spotted Quoll is a carnivorous marsupial The Koala. It doesn’t normally need to drink, because it can obtain all the moisture it needs by eating leaves The Dingo Emu is the second largest species of bird.
The Saltwater Crocodile Blue-tongued lizard Goanna The Eastern Banjo Frog The Poisonous Cane Toad The Wolf Spider
Spotted Wobbegong The Grey Nurse Shark The Weedy Sea Dragon,a fish related to pipefish and seahorses, Is found in the waters around Southern Australia The Dugong is an endangered species ;the largest remaining population is found in Australia waters.
Gang-gang Cockatoo The Bird in the park The Murray Cod
National Gallery In Australia
Australia was the first country in the world to have a complete system of bank notes based on plastic. Australia’s currency consists of coins of 5,10,20,and 50 cent and 1 and 2 dollar denomination; and notes of 5,10,20,50,and 100 dollar denomination. dollars cents
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