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Название документа Black Friday (presentation - презентация).pptx
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Название документа Black Friday (speech - конспект) .docx
What day is highly popular with people who long to sales and bargains?
 Unquestionably, this is Black Friday, and therefore my purpose today is to give detailed information on this day.
I think the majority of you enjoy going shopping, so do I. However, most of you have never taken part in Black Friday. More than that, I bet there are persons who even aren’t familiar with term.
So where does the name ‘Black Friday’ come from?  It was first used in Philadelphia in the 1950s. The police called this day as ‘Black Friday’ due to the heavy traffic jams. In the 1960s, stores tried to rename the day ‘Big Friday’. Alas, it didn’t stick, and the term ‘Black Friday’ continued spreading across the country.
The day after Thanksgiving is the start of the holiday shopping season. Thanksgiving falls on Thursday, so the day after is Friday. This day has come to be known as Black Friday. It’s been the busiest shopping day of the year since 2005.
Now that we have seen, what ‘Black Friday’ is supposed to mean, let’s look what happens this day.  Most stores offer great deals on Black Friday. They open their doors in the wee hours of the morning. They try to attract shoppers with big discounts. Some items like TVs are much cheaper than usual. There is a strong probability that stores will lose money on these items.  They hope that shoppers will buy gifts for other people while in the store.
Black Friday is a great time to get good deals on items. The main problem is that there are not enough low-priced items to go around. Each store may only have a few.  These things are in high demand. People stand in long queues to get such great deals. They may line up hours until a store is open. They may be hoping to pick up a cheap TV or laptop, for instance, yet not everyone who wants one will actually get one. Some people leave disappointed and fully frustrated.
 It should be noticed that people spend enormous amount of cash during Black Fridays year by year. This slide represents spending in the United Sates over a ten-year period.
The situation can be tense. Let's take the example of what occurs when people run amok. According to some police reports, mad and eager crowds easily trampled some poor shop assistants. Fights have broken out over people cutting in line.  Looks like this, doesn’t it? But don’t be scared to the death, a great number of Black Fridays are safe and fun.  Still, if you’re willing to try your luck, be ready to expect large crowds.
Now people all over the USA take part in the event known as ‘Black Friday’ on a yearly basis. It is even spreading to other parts of the world. Stores have held Black Friday events in the UK, Australia , and Brazil  since 2012. In Russia, citizens aren’t in the mad rush looking for discounts in malls. They prefer buying things via online shops.  In Costa Rica, Black Friday is known as [12’] "Viernes Negro."  And in Mexico, stores offer an annual weekend of discounts. [13’] They call it "El Buen Fin," which means "the good weekend" in Spanish.  I guess, no matter what culture or nation you belong to, the language of savings is universal.
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