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Инфоурок / Иностранные языки / Рабочие программы / Презентация по английскому языку на тему "conditional" (6 класс)

Презентация по английскому языку на тему "conditional" (6 класс)



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  • Иностранные языки
CONDITIONALS Conditionals have two parts;the if-clause and the main clause I...
v     Conditionals are usually introduced by ‘if’.Other expressions with a s...
She ran;otherwise, she would have missed her schoolbus. We have to be in tim...
TYPE 1 ( PROBABLE) Real Present (True or likely to happen in the present or...
If there is a shortage of any product, prices of that product go up. If you...
TYPE 2 ( IMPROBABLE) Unreal present (Untrue in the present;used to give advi...
v     There is no difference in time between the first and second types of t...
NOTE that could and might can replace ‘would’ in conditional structures. Pete...
TYPE 3 Unreal Past (Imaginary situation contrary to facts in the past; used...
NOTE that could and might may be used instead of ‘would’. If we had found hi...
v     We can use the past perfect continuous in the if-clause. I was wearing...
MIXED CONDITIONALS v     A combination of types 2 and 3 is possible. The pla...
If I were you, I would have told him the truth.    If he were a brilliant st...
Wish / If only A. I wish (if only) + Past tense Use: wish/regret about a pres...
I wish (if only) + subject + would + bare inf Use: wish for a future change u...
I wish he would stop smoking. (But I don't think he will - wish for a future...
Omission of IF Should you have any difficulty in getting spare parts ring thi...
but for if it weren’t for .... (noun) if it hadn’t been for ...... (noun) If...
.................the machine ...............you any further trouble, don’t he...
If she .............so absent minded, she.............her umbrella on the bus...
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Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:

№ слайда 1 CONDITIONALS Conditionals have two parts;the if-clause and the main clause I
Описание слайда:

CONDITIONALS Conditionals have two parts;the if-clause and the main clause If ıt rains,I shall stay home tonight. ıf clause main clause   Either the main clause or the if-clause can come first. When the if-clause precedes the main clause,we seperate the two clauses with a comma. You will wake the baby up if you keep speaking in this way. If you keep speaking in this way,you will wake the baby up.  

№ слайда 2 v     Conditionals are usually introduced by ‘if’.Other expressions with a s
Описание слайда:

v     Conditionals are usually introduced by ‘if’.Other expressions with a similar meaning are; unless, providing/provided (that), as long as, in case, on condition (that), but for + noun, otherwise, or (else), what if, supposing (that), even if, only if, assuming (that), in the event (that). You can camp here provided you leave no mess here. Unless you start at once you will be too late. You are welcome to stay with us as long as you share the rent. Some cyclists carry repair outfits in case they have a puncture. I will give you the day off on condition that you work on Saturday morning. We must be back before midnight;otherwise we’ll be locked out.

№ слайда 3 She ran;otherwise, she would have missed her schoolbus. We have to be in tim
Описание слайда:

She ran;otherwise, she would have missed her schoolbus. We have to be in time or (else) we won’t get a good seat. That was very clever,but what if you had slipped? What if I came tomorrow instead of this afternoon? Supposing you fell in love with your boss,what would you do? You must leave the hotel even if you aren’t ready. Even if I become a millionaire,I shall always be loyal to my wife. Only if it snows tomorrow will we cancel the picnic.

№ слайда 4 TYPE 1 ( PROBABLE) Real Present (True or likely to happen in the present or
Описание слайда:

TYPE 1 ( PROBABLE) Real Present (True or likely to happen in the present or future) v     The meaning is present or future,but the verb in the if-clause is in a present ,not a future tense. Note that present cont. and present perfect are also possible in the if-clause. If I have money next year,I will go to Egypt to see the Pyramids. If the fog gets thicker, the plane may be diverted. If your documents are in order, you can leave at once. You must eat less if you are planning to lose some weight. Oil floats if you pour it on water.

№ слайда 5 If there is a shortage of any product, prices of that product go up. If you
Описание слайда:

If there is a shortage of any product, prices of that product go up. If you are looking for Peter, you will find him upstairs. I’ll ask the waiter the bill if you have finished dinner. If he has written the letter, I will post it. If you have got any exams tomorrow,why aren’t you studying? Give my love to Jane if you see her.

№ слайда 6 TYPE 2 ( IMPROBABLE) Unreal present (Untrue in the present;used to give advi
Описание слайда:

TYPE 2 ( IMPROBABLE) Unreal present (Untrue in the present;used to give advice) v     After ‘if ’,were is used instead of was for all persons in type 2 in formal English. If I were you I would plant some trees round my house. (but I am not you) If she lived near her office she’d be in time for work. ( but she doesn’t) I’d lend it to you if I had a map. (I haven’t a map; the meaning is present)  

№ слайда 7 v     There is no difference in time between the first and second types of t
Описание слайда:

v     There is no difference in time between the first and second types of the conditional sentences.Type 2, like type 1, refers to the present or future,and the past tense in the if-clause indicates unreality or improbability. If you asked me nicely, I might take you out to lunch. If he had a permit,he could get a job. You might succeed if you tried again.

№ слайда 8 NOTE that could and might can replace ‘would’ in conditional structures. Pete
Описание слайда:

NOTE that could and might can replace ‘would’ in conditional structures. Peter is on holiday;he is touring Italy.If I were on holiday I might be touring Italy too.      if + past continuous is possible. ( we are travelling by air and) I hate flying.If we were travelling by boat, I ‘d feel much happier.  

№ слайда 9 TYPE 3 Unreal Past (Imaginary situation contrary to facts in the past; used
Описание слайда:

TYPE 3 Unreal Past (Imaginary situation contrary to facts in the past; used to express regrets) If you had worked harder last year, you’d have probably passed your exam If I had known that you were coming I would have met you at the airport.( but I didn’t know ,so I didn’t come.) He would have been stopped at the frontier if he had tried to leave the country.( but he didn’t try.)

№ слайда 10 NOTE that could and might may be used instead of ‘would’. If we had found hi
Описание слайда:

NOTE that could and might may be used instead of ‘would’. If we had found him earlier we could have saved his life. (ability). If we had found him earlier we might have saved his life. (possibility) If my parents hadn’t been poor I could have gone to university. If the illness had been diagnosed a day earlier, it might have made all the difference.

№ слайда 11 v     We can use the past perfect continuous in the if-clause. I was wearing
Описание слайда:

v     We can use the past perfect continuous in the if-clause. I was wearing a seat belt when the accident happened.If I hadn’t been wearing one,I would have been seriously injured.  

№ слайда 12 MIXED CONDITIONALS v     A combination of types 2 and 3 is possible. The pla
Описание слайда:

MIXED CONDITIONALS v     A combination of types 2 and 3 is possible. The plane I intended to catch crashed and everone was killed.If I had caught the plane,I would be dead now. ( type 3 + type 2)   If I had studied really hard at school I would be sitting in a comfortable office now; I wouldn’t be sweeping the streets.   ( type 3 + type 2)

№ слайда 13 If I were you, I would have told him the truth.    If he were a brilliant st
Описание слайда:

If I were you, I would have told him the truth.    If he were a brilliant student,he wouldn’t have failed the test.  If Jim were generous enough,he could have lent me some money when I asked him yesterday.

№ слайда 14 Wish / If only A. I wish (if only) + Past tense Use: wish/regret about a pres
Описание слайда:

Wish / If only A. I wish (if only) + Past tense Use: wish/regret about a present situation we want to be different. / wish we were in Paris now. (It's a pity we aren't.) B. I wish (if only) + could + bare infinitive Use: wish/regret in the present concerning lack of ability / wish I could swim. (but I can't) C. I wish (if only) + Past Perfect Use: regret that something happened or didn't happen in the past / wish you had told me earlier. (but you didn't)

№ слайда 15 I wish (if only) + subject + would + bare inf Use: wish for a future change u
Описание слайда:

I wish (if only) + subject + would + bare inf Use: wish for a future change unlikely to happen or wish to express dissatisfaction; polite request implying dissatisfaction or lack of hope "wish" and "would" should have a different subject. We never say: I wish I would, He wishes he would ..etc. b. wish + inanimate subject + would is used to express the speaker's lack of hope or disappointment

№ слайда 16 I wish he would stop smoking. (But I don't think he will - wish for a future
Описание слайда:

I wish he would stop smoking. (But I don't think he will - wish for a future change unlikely to happen.) I wish students would pay more attention, (dissatisfaction) I wish the wind would stop blowing. (But I'm afraid it won't stop blowing - wish implying disappointment) I wish you would be more careful. (Please, be more careful - request implying lack of hope)

№ слайда 17 Omission of IF Should you have any difficulty in getting spare parts ring thi
Описание слайда:

Omission of IF Should you have any difficulty in getting spare parts ring this number. ( if you should have any difficulty in ........... ) Should these biscuits arrive in a damaged condition please inform the factory. ( if the biscuits should arrive in a damaged ........... ) Were I in your shoes, I would treat her like a lady. ( if I were in your shoes, ............... ) Had I realized what you intended, I would have tried to change your mind. (if I had realized what you intended, .............. )

№ слайда 18 but for if it weren’t for .... (noun) if it hadn’t been for ...... (noun) If
Описание слайда:

but for if it weren’t for .... (noun) if it hadn’t been for ...... (noun) If it weren’t for his wife’s money he would never be a director. If it weren’t for the children, we wouldn’ t have anything to talk about. If it hadn’t been for your help, I would have been in great trouble. My car broke down. If it hadn’ t been for / But for that, we would have been in time.

№ слайда 19 .................the machine ...............you any further trouble, don’t he
Описание слайда:

.................the machine ...............you any further trouble, don’t hesitate to contact me again. a) Will / give b) Should / give c) Had / given d) Did / give If you............to see any nice-looking tomatoes while you’re at the market, ............you............some for me? a) have happened / would / have got b) should happen / could/get c) would happen / were / to get d) were / will / get

№ слайда 20 If she .............so absent minded, she.............her umbrella on the bus
Описание слайда:

If she .............so absent minded, she.............her umbrella on the bus. a)hadn’t been /wouldn’t have left b)isn’t / didn’t leave c)weren’t / wouldn’t have left If contributions...............to come in this rate, we..........all the money we need by the end of next week. a)had continued / might have raised b)continue / will have raised c)continued / are raising



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Дата добавления 19.11.2015
Раздел Иностранные языки
Подраздел Рабочие программы
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