Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
Crime and Punishment.
Answer the questions. 1) How many different kinds of crime can you name? 2) Have you or anyone you know ever been the victim of crime? 3) What do you think would be the worst thing about being in prison? 4) What makes people commit crimes? 5) Can the crimes be prevented? If yes, how? 6) Can private detectives help us? In what cases? 7) Are you for or against the death penalty (capital punishment)? 8) Do you think that life-term imprisoning is a fair measure for cruel criminals?
What kinds of crime do you know?
Match the word with its definition.
Right answers. blackmail a) threatening to make a dark secret public in order to get money 2) terrorism b) using violence for political ends 3) mugging c) attacking someone in the street to get money 4) pickpocketing d) stealing from someone’s pocket or handbag 5) forgery e) to try to pass off a copy as the real thing 6) drug-trafficking f) buying and selling drugs 7) kidnapping g) taking a person hostage in exchange for money or other favors. 8) smuggling h) taking something illegally into another country 9) burglary i) stealing something from someone’s home 10) shoplifting j) stealing something from a shop 11) murder k) killing someone 12) hijacking l) the robbing of a plane for political or other reasons
Translate the words. to accuse smb. of smth. – to charge smb. with smth. – to try smb. for smth. – to prosecute – to bring a suit against smb. – to have the law on smb. – to commit a crime – to win (to lose) a case – to find smb. guilty (not guilty) – to pass a sentence – to sentence smb. (to) – to lodge an appeal (a cassation) – to acquit – to release on bail – to give evidence – to arrest (to detain) on a charge (of) – to plead guilty (not guilty) – a verdict –
What participants of a law-court trial do you know? Translate the words. the judge the magistrate the jury the juror the counsel the people's assessor the public prosecutor the plaintiff the defendant the accused the accomplice the suspect the witness the victim
Look at the picture of Sheila Dixon and answer the questions. Where is she? What’s she doing? Who do you think the man is? Why is he watching her?
Sheila is a shoplifter. She steals things from shops. What has she stolen? Look at the picture for one minute. Make a list of things you remember.
Check your list up. She has stolen
Complete the text with the words from the box.
Right answers. Bill (1)commited a crime, when he robbed a bank. Someone (2)witnessed the crime and told the police. The police (3)charged him with bank robbery. They also(4) accused his twin brother, Ben, of being his accomplice. The case came to the court and they (5) were tired. The trial did not last very long. Bill and Ben both (6)pleaded not guilty in court. Their lawyer did her best to (7)defend them but the (8)prosecuting lawyer produced a very strong case against them. After brief deliberations, the jury (9)passed verdict on them. They decided that Bill was (10) guilty but Ben was (11)innocent. The judge (12)acquitted Ben of any involvement in the robbery but (13)sentenced Bill to three years in prison. He also had to (14)pay a large fine. Bill (15)served 2 years in prison but (16) was released from prison a year early. He (17)got time off for good behavior.
How do we call a person who: conducts a trial and passes the sentence? has a first-hand knowledge of the event and gives evidence under oath in court? brings a suit against another person? in cooperation with other person is to decide the truth of the case tried before the judge? helps in a crime or who keeps a crime secret? who acts for the state in prosecuting criminals? who breaks laws? who is believed or suspected in committing a crime and brought before the court? who suffers from an offence?
Right answers. conducts a trial and passes the sentence? (the judge) has a first-hand knowledge of the event and gives evidence under oath in court? (the witness) brings a suit against another person? (the plaintiff). in cooperation with other person is to decide the truth of the case tried before the judge? (the juror) helps in a crime or who keeps a crime secret? (the accomplice) who acts for the state in prosecuting criminals?( the public prosecutor) who breaks laws?(the accused) who is believed or suspected in committing a crime and brought before the court? (the suspect) who suffers from an offence? (the victim)
Complete the sentences with the words given below. bank robbers, burglars, muggers, pickpockets, steal (*4), rob (*2), break into. 1) __________usually “work” in crowded, busy places They ______things from people when they’re not looking. 2) _______often “work” at night or when people are away on holiday. They ______houses, shops and offices and ________ things. 3) _________usually “work” in quiet streets or places where there aren’t any witnesses. They_______people and _______anything valuable that the person has on them. They are sometimes violent. 4) _________often carry guns. They _________banks. Sometimes they _________a lot of money.
Right answers. 1) Pickpockets usually “work” in crowded , busy places. They are stealing things from people when they are not looking. 2) Burglars often “work” at night or when people are away on holiday. They rob houses, shops, offices and steal things. 3) Muggers usually “work” in quiet streets or places where there aren’t any witnesses. They rob people and steal anything valuable that the person has on them. They are sometimes violent. 4) Bank robbers often carry guns. They rob banks. Sometimes they steal a lot of money.
Translate the English proverbs and quotations about the crimes and criminals. Explain them. All criminals turn preachers under the gallows. Crime and bad lives are the measure of a State's failure, all crime in the end is the crime of the community. William Shakespeare (1564-1616) British poet and playwright. Every community gets the kind of criminal it deserves. What is also true is that every community gets the kind of law enforcement it insists on. John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) Thirty-fifth President of the USA In times of trouble leniency becomes crime. The infectiousness of crime is like that of the plague. Napoleon I (1769-1821) Napoleon Bonaparte. French general. Crime and punishment grow out of one stem. Punishment is a fruit that, unsuspected, ripens with the flower of the pleasure that concealed it. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) U.S. poet, essayist and lecturer. He reminds me of the man who murdered both his parents, and then when the sentence was about to be pronounced, pleaded for mercy on the grounds that he was orphan. Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) Politician. President of the United States. Not failure, but low aim, is crime. James Russell Lowell (1819-1891) American poet, critic and editor. The common argument that crime is caused by poverty is a kind of slander on the poor.
Translate the English proverbs and quotations about the crimes and criminals. Explain them. Henry Miller (1891-1980) American author. He who commits injustice is ever made more wretched than he who suffers it. Plato (BC 427-BC 347) Greek philosopher. Commit a crime, and the earth is made of glass. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) U.S. poet, essayist and lecturer. There is no crime of which I do not deem myself capable. Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe (1749-1832) German poet, novelist and dramatist. There is a heroism in crime as well as in virtue. Vice and infamy have their altars and their religion. William Hazlitt (1778-1830) British essayist. We are often deterred from crime by the disgrace of others. Horace (BC 65-8) Latin lyric poet. He threatens many that hath injured one. Ben Jonson (1573-1637) English dramatist, poet and actor. If poverty is the mother of crime, lack of good sense is the father. Samuel Butler (1612-1680) British poet and satirist. For centuries the death penalty, often accompanied by barbarous refinements, has been trying to hold crime in check; yet crime persists. Why? Because the instincts that are warring in man are not, as the law claims, constant forces in a state of equilibrium.
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