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Christmas by eyes of three cultures Выполнила: Зенькова Л.Н. учитель английского языка МБОУ СОШ №43
What is culture? Culture is not innate Culture is transmitted from generation to generation. Culture is subject to change.
Religious holiday An angel appeared to Shepherds and told them about the birth of the Savior. The Shepherds went to the Bethlehem to see the baby Jesus and gave him gifts. Frankincense Myrrh Gold
Date of celebration In Russia and in Karelia the majority of people are Orthodox believers, so they celebrate Christmas on the 7th of January and abroad it is celebrated on the 25th of December. Christmas in Britain Christmas in Karelia Christmas in Russia
Good signs and bad omens of Christmas If Christmas is celebrated on Sunday, summer will bring lots of fruit and honey. If it is on Monday, winter will be kind and spring will be rainy. If Christmas day is warm – harvest will be rich. If it is windy – bees will give a lot of honey. If Christmas sky is full of stars – there will be a lot of berries and mushrooms in the forests. If you don’t want to lose your eyesight - don’t sew at Christmas! If you don’t want to have an accident in the forest - don’t hunt animals and birds
The history of Christmas tree Cherry tree in a pot Fir or pine branches A fir tree
Christmas preparations Christmas homes, offices, shops and streets. Christmas cards and congratulations Merry Christmas! Happy season’s greetings! With best wishes for Christmas! With Christmas greetings and all Good wishes for the New Year! Morning Christmas brings all your favourite things! Happy holidays!
Christmas customs New Year’s or Christmas Resolutions in Britain. For example: -I’m going to do my homework every day. -I’m going to save my money. -I’m going to make new friends. -I’m going to eat healthy food. First Footing But people in Russia prefer to wish wealth, health and happiness to their dearest and nearest.
Christmas letters A letter to Santa Claus Dear Santa, My name is Peter. I am seven years old. Can I have a computer for Christmas, please. Say hello to Rudoph, the deer. Merry Christmas! Love, Peter. A letter to Father Frost Dear Father Frost, How are you? Hope you are OK! Thank you for your last year presents! They were superb, especially teddy bear! I dreamt about it so much! You're the kindest in the world, you have a very beautiful beard made of cotton! Without you, Christmas and New Year would not be so bright and magic! This year I have been a good girl. I got only good marks at school, I made friends with Tina, who goes in for tennis as I do, I helped my mum about the house and planted flowers in the garden. I really, really want a new mobile phone. Please, can I get it as a present from you. Say hello to your granddaughter, Snowgirl. I wish you not to be so busy and be happy! Merry Christmas and Happy New Year! Best wishes! Masha.
Christmas carols Groups of singers Carol service in churches
Main Christmas Characters Santa Claus Father Frost Pakkaine Old name In old times he was called St. Nicolas In old times people called him as“Morozko” or “Ded Treskun” Pakkaine Where and with whom lives lives with his wife in the North Pole Lives with his granddaughter “Snowgirl” in Velikiy Ustjug lives alone in Karelia, in the North-west of Russia Kind of travelling travels in a magical flying sleigh, pulled by deer. travel in a land sleighs, pulled by three horses.
Main Christmas Characters Kind of giving presents Santa’s sleigh lands on the roof of a house; he goes down the chimney, enters the house through the fireplace, then leaves presents for children in their Christmas stockings. come through the door with the words: “Without waiting for?” They put presents for children under the Christmas tree. Appearance depicted as a short fat man with a round face, rosy cheeks, with graying long hair and beard. are tall, well-built men with rosy cheeks, red noses and long white beards. Clothes wears a short, red suit Santa’s hat looks like a night cap of red color with a pompon. Santa’s pants are red and they are hidden in his black leather high boots fur coats are long, blue and very smart, have got blue hats, trimmed with fur. Pants are not visible under the long fur coat, but they are hidden in very warm white high boots, called “valenki”