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Кузьмина Т.И. ГБОУ ЦО «Бескудниковский» CHRISTMAS FOOD Christmas Dinner
There are several "traditional" meals you can have at Christmas. Every year in December British people celebrate the birthday of Jesus Christ. That is why they call this time of year 'Christmas' - they celebrate the 'Mass', or church service, for Christ. Christmas is celebrated on the 25th December, with a Christmas dinner at midday for the whole family. Christmas is a truly magical season, bringing families and friends together to share the much loved customs and traditions. During the weeks before Christmas Day, they send cards, watch nativity plays and go to carol services. They put up Christmas decorations in their homes and churches. In England Boxing Day celebrated on December 26th, is traditionally a time to give gifts to tradesmen, servants, and friends.
Christmas Dinner Christmas dinner is the main Christmas meal and is traditionally eaten at mid-day or early afternoon on Christmas day in England, and also in the rest of Britain. A traditional English and British Christmas dinner includes roast turkey or goose, tiny sausages wrapped in bacon and for the vegetarian in the family (there's always one) a nut roast, this is normally served with potatoes (roasted, boiled, mashed, or maybe all three),brussels sprouts and stuffing with gravy and bread sauce. This is usually followed by Christmas pudding; a rich fruit pudding. Some people like to hide a coin in the Christmas pudding. This may have originated in the ancient custom, in Rome and elsewhere, of concealing a particular object in food. Whoever gets the piece of pudding with the coin in on Christmas day is especially lucky and their "pudding wish" will come true!
Christmas Cake Christmas cakes are also very rich and dark and contain just about every dried fruit you can think of, nuts, glace cherries. They are covered with a layer of marzipan or almond paste and then thick white "Royal" icing made with icing sugar and egg whites.
Mince Pies Mince pies were often known as Christmas pies. They are made with mincemeat – which doesn’t contain meat at all. The "mincemeat" is a mixture of dried fruit, apples, spices, sugar and baked in small pastry cases. Mince pies – сладкий пирожок с фруктовой начинкой.
INGREDIENTS FOR MINCEMEAT INGREDIENTS FOR PIES - MAKES 18 PIES 1lb(фунт)suet 1lbchopped raisins 1lbcurrants 1lbbrown sugar 4ozblanched, chopped almonds 1lb grated raw apples the grated rind and juice of 1 lemon 225g/8ozcold butter, diced 350g/12ozplain flour 100g/4ozcaster sugar 280g/10ozmincemeat 1 smallegg, beaten (to glaze) Icing sugar (to dust) Oz – унция (240 мл.) Lb (libra) – фунт (неметрическая единица массы, 453,6 г) Suet [ ‘s(j)u:it] – почечное или нутряное сало. chopped raisins - порезанный на кусочки изюм Currants – смородина Peel – шкурка almond - миндаль Grated – тертый Rind - цедра
METHOD FOR MAKING THE MINCE Meat Mix all the dry ingredients Put into sterilised jars and cover as for jam or marmalade. Preheat the oven to 200°C/gas mark METHOD FOR MAKING THE PASTRY Rub the butter into the flour Mix in the sugar and a pinch of salt Stir the pastry until it forms a ball (don't add any liquid) You can use the dough immediately, or put it in the fridge for later. Jars - банки Rub - тереть dough – тесто Stir - мешать http://projectbritain.com/Xmas/ http://www.learnenglish.de/culture/christmas.html