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After six years of primary education children take exams in core subjects and go to a secondary school. Compulsory secondary education begins when children are 11 or 12 and lasts for 5 years. Most children go to state comprehensive schools. Parents do not pay for their education. It is free.
There are also about 500 private schools in Great Britain. Most of these schools are boarding ones, where children live as well as study. Education in such schools is very expensive, that's why only 5 per cent of schoolchildren attend them. The most famous British private schools are Eton, Harrow and Winchester.
Secondary school children study English, Mathematics, Science, History, Art, Geography, Music, a Foreign language and have lessons of Physical training. Religious education is also provided. English, Mathematics and Science are called "core" subjects. At the age of 7, 11 and 14 pupils take examinations in the core subjects.
School year The school year begins in September. It never begins on Monday. The English don't think it is good to start a new thing on Monday, so school usually begins on the first Tuesday of September. There are three terms in a school year. When the term is over, schoolchildren have holidays: Christmas holidays - 2 weeks Easter holidays — 2 weeks Summer holidays — 6 weeks
School day Pupils usally have five lessons five days a week. At four o'clock classes are usually over and pupils go home. Schools offer after school activities such as sports club (swimming, football, netball, etc.) ITC (Information Technology) classes, book clubs, art clubs, drama and music.
What is bad behaviour? • not coming to school without permission from parents • smoking, swearing, hitting • not doing homework • cheating in exams • calling a teacher or another pupil bad names (bullying) • not listening or not paying attention in lessons • wearing unsuitable clothes for school
Punishments in UK schools: • Exclusion: a pupil is excluded from the school and cannot come back. • Suspension: pupil cannot enter the building or attend lessons until the school has a meeting about his case. • Detention. This means he or she is asked to stay at school at the end of the school day. • Lines: a pupil has to write a sentence many times (100 times) on a sheet of paper.
Check yourself 1. Education is compulsory between the ages: a) 4 and 15 b) 5 and 16 c) 5 and 18 2. Prince William went to: a) Eton b) Harrow c) Winchester 3. Boarding school means that: a) It is abroad b) Students live there c) There are only boys there. 4. Core subjects in secondary schools are: a) English, History, Art b) Art, Technology, PE c) English, Maths, Science. 5. There are … terms in a school year: a) 3 b) 4 c) 5
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