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Education in the USA
Background of US Education Formal education in the United States dates from 1635, when the Boston Latin School was founded in colonial New England.
By 1870, all states had free elementary schools, albeit only in urban centers. Private schools continued to spread during this time, as well as colleges and—in the rural centers— land grant colleges.
In the U.S.A. there is not a national system of education, it is mainly the responsibility of the individual states. Although the Federal Government often gives money to schools, it exercises very little control over administration or curriculum
Each of 50 states has its own school system and every state wants young people to go to school.
The age limits vary 7 to 16 or 6 to 18. Every child gets minimum 13 years of education regardless to child's race, religion, sex, learning problems, physical handicap or ability to speak English. Education is different in various areas of the U.S.A. and there are usually grades 1-12.
SECONDARY EDUCATION Secondary education is based on the ideal of mass education with equal opportunity for all. Over 90 per cent of students continue in school until the age of 18.
Secondary education is provided by Middle Schools (from 11 to 14 years of age - sixth, seventh and eighth grade) in the areas where they exist, or by High Schools which are often divided into Junior High School (at the age 11 to 14 - sixth to eighth grade) and Senior High School (at the age of 15 to 18 - ninth, tenth, eleventh and twelfth grade).
Middle school, also known as Junior High school, is a school in the secondary educational system that usually bridges the gap between elementary and high school.
Like other schools in the U. S., middle schools can be either public or private institutions. Public middle schools are under the jurisdiction of local school boards and state education departments, and are usually funded by a mixture of local and state taxes.
Senior high school is a school attended after junior high school. High school is often used instead of senior high school and distinguished from junior high school. High school usually runs either from 9th through 12th, or 10th through 12th grade.
Generally, at the high school level, students take a broad variety of classes without special emphasis in any particular subject. Students are required to take a certain minimum number of mandatory subjects, but may choose additional subjects ("electives") to fill out their required hours of learning.
TYPES OF SCHOOLS The majority of all schools are public schools. These schools are free. All public schools are mixed schools (coeducational - for boys and girls)
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•The age limits vary 7 to 16 or 6 to 18. Every child gets minimum 13 years of education regardless to child's race, religion, sex, learning problems, physical handicap or ability to speak English. Education is different in various areas of the U.S.A. and there are usually grades 1-12.
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